My goal in this miniseries on Near-Death Experiences and the afterlife has been to explore what lies beyond this mortal world with the eyes of a detective peering into historical NDEs and personal accounts from Norse people and Indigenous tribesmen to ancient Greeks and Egyptians. I suggest reading these first if you have not yet followed me on this journey.
Part 1: grahamhancock.com/ozm2
Part 2: grahamhancock.com/ozm3
“I had reviewed my textbook from a comparative religions course taken during my freshman year at Columbia. There were indeed references to reincarnation in the Old and the New Testaments. In A.D. 325 the Roman emperor Constantine the Great, along with his mother, Helena, had deleted references to reincarnation contained in the New Testament. The Second Council of Constantinople, meeting in A.D. 553, confirmed this action and declared the concept of reincarnation a heresy. Apparently, they thought this concept would weaken the growing power of the Church by giving humans too much time to seek their salvation.” – Dr. Weiss
In preparing to write this third part in this three-part series on Near-Death experiences and the afterlife, it became increasingly hard to complete my research as the amount of data available kept growing and growing. In fact, I will speak little with my own words as I wish to pass on as much as I can with the direct words of these masterful detectives of the Divine.
I had set out to close off with describing how past life regression works, and how the therapist Michael Newton had been mapping out the afterlife through his hypnotized patient’s “life in-between lives”:
“In the introduction to Journey of Souls, I explained my background as a traditional hypnotherapist and how skeptical I had been about the use of hypnosis for metaphysical regression. In 1947, at age fifteen, I placed my first subject in hypnosis, so I was definitely old school and not a New Ager. Thus, when I unintentionally opened the gateway to the spirit world with a client, I was stunned. It seemed to me that most past life regressionists thought our life between lives was just a hazy limbo that only served as a bridge from one past life to the next. It was soon evident I had to find out for myself the steps necessary to reach and unlock a subject’s memory of their existence in this mysterious place.” (Newton, Michael. Destiny of Souls (p. xi). Llewellyn Worldwide, LTD. Kindle Edition.)
But I will be honest…it all seemed too unreal…too easily made up. As I said in part one… I’m both a believer and a skeptic. (This is probably what makes me more than ideal to investigate this topic for both sides of the audience) So I began reading a vast number of books to find more evidence of this past life regression “in-between lives”…describing the soul’s time in the afterlife.
One day I found a Rabbi’s take on the soul and the afterlife, which to me was a dead-end street, as I was pretty sure modern Jewish doctrine speaks nothing of the soul or the afterlife…ever. Rabbi Elie Kaplan Spitz explains:
“What has become apparent to me is we all require knowing what it is we are doing here on a spiritual level. The “What I gained from Luria’s model is a multidimensional understanding of the soul. Growth of the soul, he taught, requires addressing the physical, emotional, and intellectual dimensions as the foundation of the spiritual. Each level is interdependent, and all are nestled together. Perfection is achieved when all the rungs are purified. Reincarnation in the Jewish mystical literature was consistently viewed as real and as another opportunity to develop our souls. The Jewish tradition affirms that we have spirit guides, or visiting souls, that come to aid us on our spiritual path.” P.88 Does the Soul Survive? A Jewish Journey to Belief in Afterlife, Past Lives & Living with Purpose by Rabbi Elie Kaplan Spitz
The following is a “distillation” of the Jewish process of the soul which mirrors the classic Near-Death Experience:
- The Dying Process: “During the dying process the person may have intuitions of imminent demise and even ethereal visitors. The Talmud records that the dying Rabbi Yohanan ben Zakkai proclaimed that King Hezekiah of Judah (a particularly righteous king) was coming to greet him. The moment of death is painless. The Talmud tells of Rav Nahman appearing in a dream, soon after his death, to his friend Raba. Rav Nahman described the moment of death as “like pulling a hair out of milk.”
- The Light: “As the soul leaves the body it is met by a radiant light, which is termed Shekhinah, or divine-feminine presence, in mystical writings. Hence, the Zohar explains, “When a man is on the point of leaving this world … the Shekhinah shows herself to him, and then the soul goes out in joy and love to meet the Shekhinah. If he is righteous, he cleaves and attaches himself to her. But if not, then the Shekhinah departs, and the soul is left behind, mourning for its separation from the body.”
- Meeting Relatives: “Just as the biblical patriarchs were “gathered to their people,” so the Zohar describes, “At the hour of a man’s departure from the world, his father and his relatives gather around him … and they accompany his soul to the place where it is to abide.”
- Life Review: “But before the soul can move, the individual must look back to review his or her life. The Talmud records: “When a man departs to his eternal home, all his deeds are enumerated before him and he is told: Such and such a thing have you done, in such and such a place on that day.” The Zohar elaborates: R. Eleazar said: “On the day when man’s time arrives to depart from the world … three messengers stand over him and take an account of his life and of all that he has done in this world, and he admits all with his mouth and signs the account with his hand … so that he should be judged in the next world for all his actions, former and latter, old and new, not one of them is forgotten.”
- The Silver Cord: “The description of the final severance of the soul from the body is strikingly similar in disparate sources. The Tibetan Book of the Dead describes the soul departing the body as the “rending of the silver cord,” as if the soul were connected by an umbilical cord of energy links to the body. Jewish commentators have found the same image in the metaphor of the dying process in the Book of Ecclesiastes (12:6): “… the man goes to his eternal home and the mourners go about the streets before the silver cord is loosed.”
- The Tunnel: “In accounts of Near-Death experiences there is a recurring description of descending a passageway or passing through a door, which is matched in the Zohar by the statement that as the soul leaves the world, it enters the Cave of Machpelah, which functions as a passageway to Gan Eden (the Garden of Eden) and separation from the Physical Body. The separation from the physical body creates confusion for the soul. Rabbi Levi (Palestine, third century) in the Jerusalem Talmud depicts the soul as hovering over the body for three days, hoping to return to the body and departing only when there is no more hope of return. In a related vein, the Zohar states, “For seven days the soul [nefesh] goes to and from the house to the grave and from the grave to the house, mourning for the body.” The torments of Gehenna [Hebrew for “hell”] described by mystics, Raphael writes, are symbolic rather than literal, a state of mind rather than a place. The encounter with Gehenna, the Zohar accounts, enables the cleansing through abreaction, discharge, and catharsis of the ruach, the second tier of soul, which contains the emotional energy fields.
- Final Completion of the Personality: “Once the consciousness of the departed one is cleansed of negative emotion, the soul simultaneously undergoes two transformations. First, the soul experiences emotional bliss, and second, all the accumulated learning of the ruach, the personal self, is passed on to the neshama, the higher self, which provides insight that completes the personality. This passage to a higher level of neshama awareness (the third level of the soul) and personality wholeness is symbolically called, in the Zohar, the journey through the realms of the lower levels of Gan Eden. In this idyllic setting, identified with God’s original earthly creation and its corresponding ethereal mirror, the post-mortem being enters into the world of the infinite, the Divine..
- Heavenly Repose of the Soul: “In the upper Gan Eden the soul finds heavenly repose. It is preceded by the neshama’s dip into the River of Light and another life review, from the perspective of many lifetimes. “The meaning of all that has been experienced in the most recent life becomes instantly apparent from the vantage point of the neshama, the eternal, transpersonal self.” It would appear that the experience in Gan Eden is dependent on the level of consciousness achieved in this life. Further evolution occurs in that realm, which allows for movement among “the seven heavens,” representing escalating planes of closeness to the Divine referred to in the midrash. Eventually, the neshama’s repose is completed and it begins another transit stage.
- Return to the Source: “In upper Gan Eden the highest levels of the soul, the chayah or yechidah (the universal dimensions of soul that are direct extensions of God), are unfettered by the lower aspects of soul and are able to experience the joy of God’s presence. The Zohar speaks of how the lower levels of soul return to their source, tzror hachayim, the “storehouse of life.” Raphael surmises, based on the Zohar’s emphasis on reincarnation, that in tzror hachayim the soul returns to receive its message for the next incarnation.
- Preparation for Rebirth: Judaism speaks of reincarnation—in Hebrew gilgulei neshamot, which translates as “the rolling of souls” (from body to body). A medieval text titled Seder Yetzirat Ha-Vlad, “The Creation of the Embryo,” offers the image of a life preview as a preparation for rebirth, which has become popular Jewish legend. An excerpt: Between morning and evening the angel carries the soul around and shows her where she will live and where she will die, and the place where she will be buried, and he takes her through the whole world and points out the just and the sinners and all things. In the evening he replaces her in the womb of the mother, and there she remains for nine months.… Finally, the time comes for the soul to enter the world. It is reluctant to leave; but the angel touches the baby on the nose, extinguishes the light above the head, and sends it forth into the world. Instantly, the soul forgets all that it has seen and learned and enters the world.
Spitz, Rabbi Elie Kaplan. Does the Soul Survive? (2nd Edition) Turner Publishing Company. Kindle Edition.
How do we find the Truth?
When I finally came across Dr. Brian L. Weiss M.D.’s book Many Lives, Many Masters…I knew I had found the pinnacle of my research. Dr. Weiss is an eminent psychologist with hundreds of peer-reviewed papers and several books…but this was his first which describes in detail how he embarked on this journey with his patient Catherine whom he regressed into several past lives:
“Years of disciplined study had trained my mind to think as a scientist and physician, molding me along the narrow paths of conservatism in my profession. I distrusted anything that could not be proved by traditional scientific methods… Hypnosis is an excellent tool to help a patient remember long-forgotten incidents. There is nothing mysterious about it. It is just a state of focused concentration. Under the instruction of a trained hypnotist, the patient’s body relaxes, causing the memory to sharpen. I had hypnotized hundreds of patients and had found it helpful in reducing anxiety, eliminating phobias, changing bad habits, and aiding in the recall of repressed material. On occasion, I had been successful in regressing patients back to their early childhoods, even to when they were two or three years old, thus eliciting the memories of long-forgotten traumas that were disrupting their lives. I felt confident that hypnosis would help Catherine..”
Reading Dr Weiss’s detailed research made me giddy as it was satisfying the raging doubts I had. My human mind was fighting to find faults in my research: could all these people have suffered hallucinations? Were they making things up to gain attention? But here is an incredibly successful and well-known doctor tapping into the afterlife and I am able to peruse his findings in his own case studies.
In a session with Catherine, Dr Weiss explains, “She next found herself floating above her body, observing the scene below. She drifted up to the clouds, feeling perplexed and confused. Soon she felt herself being pulled into a “tiny, warm” space. She was about to be born. “Somebody is holding me,” she whispered slowly and dreamily, “someone who helped with the birth. She’s wearing a green dress with a white apron. She has a white hat, folded back at the corners. The room has funny windows … many sections. The building is stone. My mother has long, dark hair. She wants to hold me. There’s a funny … rough nightshirt on my mother. It hurts to rub against it. It feels good to be in the sun and to be warm again…. It’s… it’s the same mother I have now!”
There is a French writer I befriended in my research for this article, Stevan Damour (https://www.librinova.com/librairie/stevan-damour/in-extremis) who has an interesting hypothesis that all Near-Death experiences are simply memories of being born through the birth canal. While this may explain the “tunnel” and the feeling of being welcomed, after all my research, I believe this may only explain a fraction of the cases I have studied: most who have NDEs report meeting other people than their family, floating above their hospital beds, seeing grassy fields, hearing music, and smelling wonderful fragrances…
Dr Weiss describes average NDE experience in his own words:
“There is a striking similarity in their stories. They become detached from their bodies and “watch” resuscitation efforts from a point above their bodies. They eventually become aware of a bright light or a glowing “spiritual” figure in the distance, sometimes at the end of a tunnel. They feel no pain. As they become aware that their tasks on earth are not yet completed, and they must return to their bodies, they are immediately rejoined to their bodies and once again are aware of pain and other physical sensations.”
Here is an excerpt from the next page:
“I have had several patients with Near-Death experiences. The most interesting account was that of a successful South American businessman who was seen by me for several sessions of conventional psychotherapy about two years after Catherine’s treatment ended. Jacob had been run over and knocked unconscious by a motorcycle in Holland in 1975 when he was in his early thirties. He remembers floating above his body and looking down at the scene of the accident, taking note of the ambulance, the doctor attending his injuries, and the growing crowd of onlookers. He became aware of a golden light in the distance, and as he approached it, he saw a monk wearing a brown robe. The monk told Jacob that this was not his time to pass over, that he had to return to his body. Jacob felt the wisdom and power of the monk, who also related several future events in Jacob’s life, all of which later occurred. (Note from Dr. Weiss) “In 1980, while traveling in Israel, Jacob, who is Jewish, visited the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron, which is a holy site to both Jews and Muslims. After his experience in Holland, he had become more religious and had begun to pray more often. He saw the nearby mosque and sat down to pray with the Muslims there. After a while, he rose to leave. An old Muslim man came up to him and said, “You are different from the others. They very rarely sit down to pray with us.” The old man paused for a moment, looking closely at Jacob before continuing. “You have met the monk. Do not forget what he has told you.” Five years after the accident and thousands of miles distant, an old man knew about Jacob’s encounter with the monk, an encounter that happened while Jacob had been unconscious.” Weiss, Brian L. Many Lives, Many Masters: The True Story of a Prominent Psychiatrist, His Young Patient, and the Past-Life Therapy That Changed Both Their Lives (p. 71). Touchstone. Kindle Edition.
What is the Point of Death and Why Are We Here?
“Our task is to learn, to become God-like through knowledge. We know so little. You are here to be my teacher. I have so much to learn. By knowledge we approach God, and then we can rest. Then we come back to teach and help others.” – Catherine (Dr. Weiss patient under hypnosis)
Dr. Weiss explains:
“I was fascinated by the way her conceptions of death and the afterlife changed so much from lifetime to lifetime. And yet her experience of death itself was so uniform, so similar, every time. A conscious part of her would leave the body around the moment of death, floating above and then being drawn to a wonderful, energizing light. She would then wait for someone to come and help her. The soul automatically passed on.”
“…if you choose to fight and not to rid yourself (of defaults of character), then you will carry them over into another life. And only when you decide that you are strong enough to master the external problems, then you will no longer have them in your next life. We also must learn not to just go to those people whose vibrations are the same as ours. It is normal to feel drawn to somebody who is on the same level that you are. But this is wrong. You must also go to those people whose vibrations are wrong … with yours. This is the importance … in helping … these people.” Weiss, Brian L.. Many Lives, Many Masters: The True Story of a Prominent Psychiatrist, His Young Patient, and the Past-Life Therapy That Changed Both Their Lives (p. 69). Touchstone. Kindle Edition.
“According to Plotinus (204/5 – 270 C.E.) our daimon guiding spirit is a kind of higher self. Every time we are reborn we take on a body and life appropriate to our former habits and inclinations…as a person continues to strive spiritually, they evolve as does their inner guide. Eventually, the philosopher-sage would achieve liberation from the ceaseless round of birth and death – just as Pythagoras had taught.”
For Plotinus, the soul’s duty is to learn its own nature.
Is Life an Illusion?
In 1981 and again in 1991, George Gallup Jr. conducted a poll on close brushes with death. He was astonished to find out that some 8 to 12 million people in the United States have had a Near-Death Experience. This is a population about the size of New York City. NDE researchers speculate that the figures may even be higher since the experiencer is often reluctant to talk about it. That is almost 1 in ten people having an NDE! We need to take this seriously as a de facto human experience!
I had to try my findings so I asked ten of the artists I represent as a music producer and sure enough one had a best friend who had a classic NDE. In fact, since beginning this series, I have now come into personal contact with a dozen people who have had a Near-Death Experience. Many famous people of our day have had similar experiences. Here is the world’s most famous movie critic Roger Ebert’s wife describing his last moments as the veil was lifted:
“The one thing people might be surprised about Roger is that he didn’t know if he could believe in God. He had his doubts. But toward the end, something really interesting happened. That week before Roger passed away, I would see him and he would talk about having visited this other place. I thought he was hallucinating. I thought they were giving him too much medication. But the day before he passed away, he wrote me a note: “This is all an elaborate hoax.” I asked him, “What’s a hoax?” And he was talking about this world, this place. He said it was all an illusion. I thought he was just confused. But he was not confused. He wasn’t visiting heaven, not the way we think of heaven. He described it as a vastness that you can’t even imagine. It was a place where the past, present, and future were happening all at once.” The Death of Roger Ebert written by CHAZ EBERT
Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499 A.D) was a Catholic priest, polymath scholar, tutor of Lorenzo de Medici and Giovanni Pico Della Mirandola, and considered “one of the most influential humanist philosophers of the innovative and world-changing Italian Renaissance.” Ficino & Mercato, his best friend, always discussed the immortality of the soul and had agreed that they would find a way to return to tell the other about the afterlife. One night, Mercato heard horses hoofs outside the door of his home. As he came out, he saw Ficino on a white horse yelling: ‘it’s all true! Everything we said was all true!” before disappearing into the dark. Mercati learned the following day that Ficino had died that night.
How Can We Know If NDEs are Real?
The International Association for Near-Death Studies (IANDS) is a non-profit organization founded by doctors such as Dr. Bruce Greyson MD to “promote responsible, multi-disciplinary exploration of Near-Death and similar experiences, their effects on people’s lives, and their implications for beliefs about life, death, and human purpose.”
I invite you to visit their website to see the incredibly similar hundreds of thousands of accounts by regression therapists and mediums recorded by the IANDS (International Association for Near-Death Studies – https://www.iands.org/ )
One Near-Death experiencer describes:
“I was suffering intensely until I finally lost consciousness. Now, when I became conscious again, it was not at all in the normal way! In fact, not only was I out of my body, but it took me a few moments to realize that the cadaverously pale, blood-soaked body lying on the bed was me: ‘my point of consciousness’ was up somewhere near the ceiling. I was watching the bevvy of nurses and doctors rushing madly around the room, all very much intent on bringing that poor young girl back to life. There was a tremendous, heated discussion between my gynecologist and the anesthetist who had been summoned. My gynecologist was insisting that it was useless to try anything because it was evident that it was much too late, that I was in fact dead, and that was it for him. I most definitely owe my life to the anesthetist, who fought to bring me back to life. I can still see him screaming, ‘She’s just a kid. We’ve got to do something!’ And he urged the nurses to do some transfusions and he literally forced the gynecologist to join the operating team. I remember being shocked at the swear words being used by the two doctors. I could not believe that doctors uttered such coarse things, and in the presence of nurses, too! “When I regained consciousness—in the normal way, in my body—a few days later, I was in an intensive care unit, all hooked up to some IV machines, and a doctor came in the room. I recognized him immediately, and I thanked him for saving my life. It was the anesthetist. He seemed surprised that I should be doing so, and he asked me why I thought I should thank him for saving my life. So, I recounted everything to him: how I had been present in the operating room and witnessed everything out of my body. I told him how shocked I’d been at seeing my body. I told him how shocked I’d been at hearing the coarse words exchanged between the gynecologist and himself. He was quite incredulous at first, but he urged me to tell him all else that I remembered. When I’d finished relating everything, he said that he was not overly astonished to hear my account, because he had been previously involved with a couple of other patients who had had Near-Death experiences.”
So, how can we test scientifically whether or not NDEs are real? On the surface, it may seem ridiculous to question whether someone’s experience “really” happened. As neuroscientist Thomas Schofield put it, “Scientists never have final answers. What we have are observations, from which we weave stories that make sense of the evidence. In telling these stories, we have to keep them logically coherent and consistent with all the empirical observations. The result of all this repeated storytelling is that science is always marching toward an end it can never reach—a complete description of reality. Science is not about finding the truth at all, but about finding better ways of being wrong.… A theory can never be perfect: the best it can be is better than the theory that went before.”
Dr. Greyson of the IANDS asks:
“What is the difference between mental illness and NDEs? I had to look for the answer to what happens after the experience itself, and take into account the role the experience plays in the person’s life. Psychiatrist Mitch Liester and I compared two groups of people who reported repeatedly hearing voices. We compared people with schizophrenia and the small number of people who’d had NDEs and continued to hear voices after the experience. We asked both groups a series of standard questions about how helpful or harmful the voices were. We found striking differences between the two groups. Most of the people who’d had NDEs found the voices were soothing or comforting, made them feel better about themselves, and had a positive impact on their relationships with other people. On the other hand, most of the schizophrenics found the voices were distressing or threatening, made them feel worse about themselves, and had a negative impact on their relationships. Most of the people who’d had NDEs wanted to keep hearing the voices, while almost none of the schizophrenics did.” Greyson Bruce After: A Doctor Explores What Near-Death Experiences Reveal about Life and Beyond
“With death also comes wisdom. Something happens with the shedding of the physical body and a whole new dimension of knowledge opens up. Apparently, the human being is limited and hampered by being in the physical. The personality or spirit that continues on is not hindered in this way and can perceive so much more than we can even imagine. Thus, when I talked to these people after they had “died,” I was able to obtain the answers to many puzzling and perplexing questions—questions that have haunted humankind since the beginning of time.” Cannon, Dolores. Between Death and Life – Conversations with a Spirit (p. 5). Gill Books. Kindle Edition.
Dr. Weiss asked a patient in a hypnotic regression state in-between lives:
D: People are so afraid of dying. Can you tell me what it is like when it happens?
S: Well, when I’m in the body it feels heavy. It pulls on me. It’s just uncomfortable. But when you die it’s a lifting of weight. It’s relaxing. People carry all those problems around. And it’s like they are carrying around a weight because they are heavy and laden with all these other things. When you die it’s like tossing them out the window and it feels good. It’s a transition.
D: I guess people are mostly afraid because they don’t know what to expect.
S: They fear the unknown. They must just have faith and just trust.
D: What happens when somebody dies?
S: You just rise up and leave it. You go up here. In the light.
D: What do you do when you’re there?
S: Perfect all things.
D: Where do you go if you have to go away from the light?
S: Back to Earth.
D: Is it unusual for us to speak to you through time like this?
S: But time has no meaning. On this frame there is no time, all time is one.
D: Then it doesn’t bother you that we speak to you from another time or plane?
S: Why should it?
D: Well, we thought it might and I didn’t want to disturb you.
S: I find that it disturbs you more than it does I.
Weiss, Brian L. Many Lives, Many Masters: The True Story of a Prominent Psychiatrist, His Young Patient, and the Past-Life Therapy That Changed Both Their Lives (pp. 35-36). Touchstone. Kindle Edition.
What Can We Learn from NDEs?
“There are seven planes in all, seven planes, each one consisting of many levels, one of them being the plane of recollection. On that plane, you are allowed to collect your thoughts. You are allowed to see your life that has just passed. Those of the higher levels are allowed to see history. They can go back and teach us by learning about history. But we of the lower levels are only allowed to see our own life … that has just passed. “We have debts that must be paid. If we have not paid out these debts, then we must take them into another life … in order that they may be worked through. You progress by paying your debts. Some souls progress faster than others. When you’re in physical form and you are working through, you’re working through a life… If something interrupts your ability … to pay that debt, you must return to the plane of recollection, and there you must wait until the soul you owe the debt to has come to see you. And when you both can be returned to physical form at the same time, then you are allowed to return. But you determine when you are going back. You determine what must be done to pay that debt. You will not remember your other lives … only the one you have just come from. Only those souls on the higher level—the sages—are allowed to call upon history and past events … to help us, to teach us what we must do. “There are seven planes … seven through which we must pass before we are returned. One of them is the plane of transition. There you wait. In that plane, it is determined what you will take back with you into the next life. We will all have … a dominant trait. This might be greed, or it might be lust, but whatever is determined, you need to fulfill your debts to those people. Then you must overcome this in that lifetime. You must learn to overcome greed. If you do not, when you return you will have to carry that trait, as well as another one, into your next life. The burdens will become greater. With each life that you go through and you did not fulfill these debts, the next one will be harder. If you fulfill them, you will be given an easy life. So you choose what life you will have. In the next phase, you are responsible for the life you have. You choose it.” The Masters speaking to Dr. Weiss through Catherine.
In conclusion, if we have ascertained the existence of the afterlife, and we continue to be told we choose our lives, no matter how sad and broken they may be, life seems to be a formative school for us all where we incarnate to learn from our experiences.
As always I have included a reference list in the hope that anyone who wishes can research what I propose for themselves.
“The kingdom of heaven is within you; and whosoever shall know himself shall find it.”. Ancient Egyptian proverb
P.S. I am a music producer by trade and one of my artists last week, Julie O’Connor, walked into the studio the other day, and reincarnation came up in a discussion. She said: “My kids would say the strangest things when they were 6 and 7 (children who remember past lives rarely do so past 8 years old) my youngest said “mommy, I chose to be born in this family when we were up in heaven. ”
Life is eternal; and love is immortal; and death is only a horizon; and a horizon is nothing save the limit of our sight. — R. W. Raymond
Baronio, Cesare, 1538-1607. Annales Ecclesiastici. Lucae [Lucca, Italy]: Typis Leonardi Venturini, 1738.
Baxter, Richard, 1615-1691. The Practical Works of the Rev. Richard Baxter: With a Life of the Author, And a Critical Examination of His Writings. London: J. Duncan, 1830.
Cannon, Dolores. Between Death and Life – Conversations with a Spirit (Gill Books. Kindle Edition.
Ferriar, John, 1761-1815. An Essay Towards a Theory of Apparitions. London: Cadell and Davies, 1813
Greyson Bruce After: A Doctor Explores What Near-Death Experiences Reveal about Life and Beyond
Newton, Michael. Destiny of Souls (p. xi). Llewellyn Worldwide, LTD.. Kindle Edition.)
Rabbi Elie Kaplan Spitz, A Jewish Journey to Belief in Afterlife, Past Lives & Living with Purpose
Weiss, Brian L.. Many Lives, Many Masters: The True Story of a Prominent Psychiatrist, His Young Patient, and the Past-Life Therapy That Changed Both Their Lives (pp. 171-172). Touchstone. Kindle Edition