We warmly welcome Alexandros Angelis, author of Our Unknown Ancient Past: Thoughts and Reflections on the Unexplained Mysteries of Prehistory, as our featured author for August. In his book, Alexandros presents evidence supporting the theory of an advanced prehistoric civilisation lost to a natural disaster. The remnants of its existence having been preserved in ancient mythology and knowledge passed down through the ages. In his article, Alexandros explores ancient Greek mythology, artefacts and language, presenting the historical truths and advanced ancient knowledge hidden within.
Interact with Alexandros on our AoM Forum here
Eric Schliemann started seeking Troy with Homer’s Iliad being his only guide when scientists were convinced that Homer’s story was fiction. Had he lived today, the establishment would have thrown names at him like pseudoscience and fringe. However, it is not just Troy nor just Knossos nor just the Mycenae; most major archaeological findings in the entire world, despite the references in the ancient texts, were a complete surprise for the scientific establishment. If that establishment had full control, all those discoveries would simply never have happened.
My main purpose was to present as much evidence as possible supporting the theory that during prehistory, there was a relatively advanced civilization, which was, however, lost due to some natural catastrophe. This was mainly attempted by presenting knowledge of the ancient people, which they are not justified to have had, and similarities between very distant cultures that should not have existed. Conventional science would have us believe that all this is a series of incredible coincidences, but, statistically, it is more probable for a little green man to land on your lap. The funny part is that science accepts the Indo-European theory, meaning that there was an Indo-European / Arian race that started traveling around the world during prehistoric times, spreading civilization but left no single finding behind. But how different is the Indo-European theory from that of a lost civilization?
It is clear to me that the explanation for the ancient mysteries is a human civilization and not something extraterrestrial or supernatural. This is the same civilization that produced the accurate maps Piri Reis used to draw his own map. I fail to see why it is so hard to believe that a prehistoric civilization could have traveled all around the world, even to Antarctica. It is proven that the prehistoric Greeks were traveling in the Aegean Sea around 10.000 BC, transporting obsidian from the island of Milos to mainland Greece. Even older than that and even less – theoretically – advanced human species than us were able to cross the seas. The Neanderthals were living on Naxos island before at least 200.000 years ago. Homo Heidelbergensis and Homo Erectus had reached Crete by sea 130.000 to 700.000 years ago. Is it really so strange that tens and hundreds of thousands of years after that, Homo Sapiens had mastered seafaring? And is Plato’s report so absurd, that in 10.000 BC the big port of Atlantis was full of ships and merchants who were coming from all over the world?
The lost civilization we are looking for may be of Greek origin. There are actually several references in the ancient Greek texts, besides Plato, talking about a lost Greek civilization. One of them is from the historian Diodorus Siculus, saying that Aktis (one of the seven Heliades, children of Helios and Rhodes), carried the knowledge of astronomy from Greece to Egypt, while, in the meantime, this knowledge was lost from Greece due to a cataclysm. In fact, scientists who analyzed the DNA from human remains found in the area of Stonehenge came to the conclusion that the ancestors of the men who built Stonehenge were farmers who had come from the eastern Mediterranean. Those men who were mostly of Aegean origin – based on the DNA – seem to have moved towards the Iberian Peninsula and then headed north, reaching England around 4.000 BC.
What I wish to bring to the table is a Greek perspective on the “lost ancient civilization” topic. And trust me, Greek mythology and the ancient Greek texts have a great deal to offer. Most of the Greek-specific information presented in my book is widely unknown.
There are many cases where modern science proved the ancient Greek myths right. Therefore, a significant portion of my book deals with mythology (mainly Greek mythology). It was important to establish that Greek mythology is a credible source, despite the veil of phantasy that encapsulates the actual facts, in order to support the claim of a lost ancient civilization. Through mythology, I also prove beyond doubt that people can retain in their collective memory events that occurred many millenniums before their time.
According to Greek mythology, goddess Demeter sent Triptolemus on a mission to teach agriculture to humanity. Triptolemus flew across the land on a chariot drawn by dragons given to him by the goddess Demeter. Coincidentally, the most recent studies, based on ancient DNA research, prove beyond doubt that the spreading of agriculture throughout Europe is due to immigrants from Greece and Asia Minor 7.500 years ago.
The distant land of the Hyperboreans is mainly known from the myth of Apollo, as the god, before founding his oracle in Delphi, visited that unknown land of the north and stayed there for almost one year. Hyperborea was a blessed land with a never-ending spring, while the sun would never set within a 24-hour day. The never-setting sun implies that this land was somewhere in the Arctic Circle, possibly in northern Scandinavia. Despite its location, though, this country is described as fertile, which sounds crazy. Surely, if someone wanted to make up a country in the north, he would have thought of a more plausible story. Based on the most recent research, however, we know that during the last ice age, parts of the areas close to the arctic (of Siberia, Canada, and Alaska) were ice-free. So, these areas, approximately up until 10.000 BC, had a better climate than they do today, while they supported many animal species and rich flora.
There are some ancient toponyms that reveal knowledge of geological events of prehistory, thousands of years before Classical Greece. Take Bosporus, for example, a narrow sea passage separating Europe from Asia. Bosporus means, ‘the place cows pass through’. Indeed, thousands of years ago, when the sea level was lower due to the last ice age, this was a piece of land connecting Europe with Asia. According to Greek mythology, Io passed through here while she was transformed into a cow by Zeus.
While most nations remember only one major cataclysm, the Greeks have retained the memory of three large-scale cataclysms: The cataclysms of Ogygus, Deucalion, and Dardanus. Regarding the cataclysm of Dardanus, we have a description from Diodorus Siculus, who reports that the water which flooded the Aegean came from the Black Sea, with entire towns sinking under the sea. Recent research showed there was a sudden rise in the sea level in the North Aegean and the Black Sea. More precisely, two such rises had occurred, the first in 5.600 BC and the second in 6.400 BC. In both cases, the water flow was from the Black Sea towards the northern Aegean, as the analysis revealed sudden drops of salinity level, which means that the saltwater of the Aegean was diluted from the freshwater of the – up until then – lake but is now the Black Sea.
Recent DNA analysis showed that the Mycenaeans and the Minoans had a high genetic kinship, as they had common ancestors. Another conclusion of the analysis is that modern Greeks come from the Mycenaeans and the Minoans. Consequently, the distinction between the various Greek races seems to have had more cultural/regional criteria and less racial ones. Last but not least interesting is the conclusion of the analysis that the Mycenaean, Minoans, and modern Greeks had some kinship with the ancient people living in the Caucasus, Armenia, and Iran. The proven kinship between Greeks and Iranians (Persians) is one more confirmation of Greek mythology. According to mythology, the Greek Perses, son of the hero Perseus and Andromeda, was the forefather of the Persians, and Medus, son of the Athenian king Aegeus, was the forefather of the Medes. In fact, the Persians called upon this exact kinship asking the Athenians to surrender, with the Athenians replying that based on genealogy, the Persians should surrender to them instead (since their ancestor was Greek). It is no accident that Iranians and Armenians are genetically similar to Greeks. Most ancient nations of Asia Minor and the Middle East are related to each other, which is described by Greek mythology, as it mentions their forefathers as being Greek.
I devote quite a large part of my book to Atlantis, a topic that always fascinated me. There are actually some indirect references to the story of Atlantis in Greek mythology, some of them even pointing to the northwestern edge of Africa, very close to where Plato places Atlantis. Interestingly enough, the god Hermes (Hermes being the Greek equivalent of Thoth, the Egyptian god of knowledge) is called “Atlantiades” in Greek mythology. Since I mentioned northwestern Africa, the ancient texts reveal that the people of the Atlas mountain range had advanced knowledge of astronomy. Diodorus Siculus calls those people Atlanteans. What is their relationship with the mythical Atlanteans? And is it a coincidence that the Dogon, a people with inexplicable astronomy knowledge, inhabit this part of the earth?
Another “lucky guess” by Plato was that Attica had a very different landscape during the fall of Atlantis (around 9.500 BC). Modern research confirms that this is true, as the international conference “The prehistory of Athens and Attica” was held in 2015, where over 120 Greek and foreign scientists gathered, to discuss geophysical research, revealing important changes on the Attica landscape during the past 10.000 years.
GREEKS & EGYPTIANS
In Plato’s story of Atlantis, we also learn that the Greeks and the Egyptians are related. Modern science confirms this kinship, as genetics reveals that Egyptian mummies have more in common with modern Europeans than with modern Egyptians. Unknown to most people, there are Greek pyramids, one being the pyramid of Hellinikon that was dated with the thermoluminescence method to 2.720 BC with a deviation of +/- 580 years.
The pyramid of Daskalio is even less know. Although it is not an actual pyramid but rather a pyramid-shaped islet, the islet-mountain was geo-formed, giving it the form of a stepped pyramid. There, the ruins of a huge religious center of 2.600 BC with 60 marble buildings were discovered, the oldest religious center on an island in the world. This discovery was so important that it completely overturned the beliefs of archaeologists concerning prehistoric Greece. Under the ground, a complex system of sewerage works was found, approximately 1.000 years before the famous interior hydraulic system of the Minoan palaces, and traces of advanced metallurgy. In order to transport the 7.000-10.000 tons of white marble from the nearby Naxos island (10 kilometers away) to complete this work, it took almost 3.500 sea trips; by far the largest prehistoric sea transport in the entire world. It cannot be an accident that during this period, pyramids were being built in Egypt, which is only 700-800 kilometers away from the Cyclades. Due to the white marble, which was intentionally used with the purpose of reflecting the light, scientists believe that from many kilometers away the islet would have looked like a shinning pyramid coming out of the sea. Let us not forget that the Egyptian pyramids initially had a coating of smooth white casing stones with the purpose of glowing under the sun. This similarity can hardly be a coincidence.
The ancient Greeks were very careful in choosing the places for important temples and towns so that they would form isosceles triangles. For some unexplained reason, this was very important for them. From the work of Dr Manias, here is an example of some locations that form isosceles triangles, with the Delphi Oracle being at the top:
- Delphi is equidistant from Athens and Olympia by 660 stadia.
- Delphi is equidistant from Eleusis and Iolcus by 550 stadia.
- Delphi is equidistant from Smyrna and the Ideon Andron of Crete by 2.198 stadia.
- Delphi is equidistant from Knossos and Ephesus by 2.288 stadia.
Although they are millenniums apart, there is a connection between Gobekli Tepe and ancient Greece. That connection has to do with triangulation, which was apparently an even older tradition, as in 2020 it was discovered that Gobekli Tepe’s construction was based on geometrical knowledge, with the centers of three basic circles forming an isosceles triangle.
THE GREEK LANGUAGE ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE GLOBE
While reading about the Aztec, I came across a clue that really impressed me: the name of the Aztec town Teotihuacan means “place of those who became gods”. The first component of the town’s name (teo) strongly reminds us of the Greek word “θεό” (pronounced as theo, Greek for god). I eventually realized that indeed in the Aztec language, the word “god” was “teotl“. By removing the ending “tl” the Aztecs used to append almost everywhere, a very suspicious similarity emerges.
Easter Island is also called “Mata Ki Te Rani” by the locals. Doesn’t it sound like the phrase “matia pu kitane ton urano” (Greek for “eyes gazing at the sky”), and isn’t it strange that those statues do indeed seem to be gazing at the sky? If you are thinking that I am exaggerating, let me inform you that the name “Mata Ki Te Rani” really does means “eyes gazing at the sky”. In fact, one of the books written about the mysterious island is “Mata Ki Te Rangi: Eyes Towards the Heavens”, while on the island, there are even rooms to let under this name. The Greek traces that exist on the Easter Island have not gone unnoticed by scientists, with the German Professor Nors Sigurd Josephson having written a book titled “An Archaic Greek Civilization on the Easter Island”. In there, the professor has recorded 1.059 words of the Polynesia islands, which he considers to be Greek. The similarities of those words with the equivalent Greek ones are often impressive.
HOW PRIMITIVE WERE ANCIENT PEOPLE?
In my book, I present only a few cases in many where scientists are surprised by the abilities of ‘primitive men’. So, what we see is a recurring pattern, that scientists have repeatedly underestimated primitive man, resulting in their estimations being permanently wrong. No wonder they cannot even consider the possibility of an advanced ancient civilization. But were prehistoric people as helpless as we think?
In the prehistoric cave of Theopetra, 23.000 years ago, the so-called primitive men put together a stone wall to narrow down the cave entrance. In the same cave, 130.000-year-old child footprints were discovered, proving that the primitive men of that age were using footwear.
Heron of Alexandria invented the first steam-engine about 2.000 years ago as he built a sphere, which revolved using the power of steam. Using the same steam technology, Archytas of Tarentum about 2.500 years ago built the first object which could have autonomous flight capability, the so-called flying pigeon of Archytas. Thanks to the steam pressure and its aerodynamic shape, the artificial bird could travel a distance of 200 meters.
The famous Phaistos Disk, which is dated to the 2nd millennium BC, is an early sample of typography, the oldest in the world. The designs on it had been printed on soft clay before being placed in the fire in order to harden.
The Antikythera Mechanism that is dated to the 1st – 2nd century BC is the first computer ever built. The scientists who studied the mechanism were shocked, as it functions with gears and it is quite complicated, having the ability to calculate and depict the movements of the celestial bodies. It calculates even the most complex movements, for example, it locates with precision the position of the moon, although its elliptic orbit makes it move at a variable speed (faster when it is closer to earth and slower when it is away from it). There are indications that the gear technology was transferred to Europe of the Renaissance (through the Byzantines and the Arabs), making one of the scientists state that the Antikythera Mechanism is the cradle of modern technology.
The black-figure pots of red-black style of the ancient Athenians were so popular in antiquity that they have been found from Iraq to Germany. Their composition began being decrypted just during the 1990s by scientists, thanks to the development of modern microanalysis techniques. Their dye belongs to the state-of-the-art materials of technology, those we nowadays call nanomaterials. The dark glazing of the Attic pots has special chemical and mechanical properties, unique endurance but also exceptional quality. Such properties recently attracted the interest of NASA, which is seeking secrets in its composition in order to improve the insulation of its spaceships.
Trepanning, as its name suggests, is a surgical practice according to which tools are used to open a hole in the “patient’s” skull for medical purposes. The oldest trepanning is dated in the range 8.000 – 7.600 BC. It got its name from Hippocrates, who was the first to systematize trepanning and provided clear instructions in his works. It seems it was something of a routine, as in a group tomb of 6.500 BC in France, 40 out of 120 skulls bore signs of trepanning. From those skulls, it was proven that men usually survived the surgery. There were special tools for this purpose, while before the use of metals, the tools were mostly of flintstone, which shows that the lack of metallurgy was not such a big obstacle for primitive men. In fact, the “primitive” Inca had significantly higher survival rates than the American doctors of the 19th century, as the relevant scientific article mockingly mentions.
According to Greek mythology, Melampus was a man with impressive skills, like divination skills, the ability to understand the language of the animals, and amazing medical skills (which include the healing of impotence & the healing of madness). It was Melampus who first mixed wine with water. Today we know that if you mix one part of wine with nine parts of water, the polyphenols contained in the wine within four hours neutralize the dangerous microorganisms the water might have (salmonella, cholera, etc). In ancient Greece, the mixture of wine and water happened several hours before the symposium would begin. But how on earth could the ancient sage have known that?
It is obvious that ancient people possessed far more knowledge than we thought up until now. What is less obvious but true, nonetheless, is that our advanced civilization was based on that knowledge. For example, if the gear technology of the Hellenistic Age (used in the Antikythera Mechanism) did not exist, would the industrial revolution ever had happened in the first place? It is quite clear that primitive people have been systematically underestimated by modern science. However, they were just as able and smart as we are. Therefore, an advanced human civilization was inevitable and not a fluke. So why did it take so long to emerge? Or did it?…