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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 3827 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 653 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 628 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 695 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 625 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 619 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 598 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 569 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 560 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 600 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 580 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 537 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 550 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 617 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 625 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 595 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 594 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 1030 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 605 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 556 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 559 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 539 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 559 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 525 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 553 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 548 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 557 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 588 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 585 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 548 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 547 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 558 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 543 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 577 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 566 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 576 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 543 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 837 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 573 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 533 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 531 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 532 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 532 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 527 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 540 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 540 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 525 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 531 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 536 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 539 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 566 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 535 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 528 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 524 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 548 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 547 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 548 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 558 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 513 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 549 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 568 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 536 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 536 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 604 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 580 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 560 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 577 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 543 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 587 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 528 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 546 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 534 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 527 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 555 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 527 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 561 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 538 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 559 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 537 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 562 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 549 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 544 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 560 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 567 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 579 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 544 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 552 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 569 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 531 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 559 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 539 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 567 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 540 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 563 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 526 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 580 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 566 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 543 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 560 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
What's in a name? 554 MDaines 12-Jul-18 10:34
Re: What's in a name? 547 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 548 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
Re: What's in a name? 546 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:30
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 563 Broker 16-Jul-18 22:17
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 584 SallyA 19-Jul-18 19:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 555 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:36
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 563 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:35


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