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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 3829 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 653 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 629 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 696 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 626 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 619 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 598 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 570 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 560 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 601 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 581 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 538 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 550 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 618 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 626 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 596 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 595 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 1031 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 606 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 557 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 560 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 540 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 560 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 526 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 554 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 550 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 558 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 589 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 586 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 549 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 548 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 559 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 544 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 577 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 568 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 577 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 544 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 838 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 573 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 534 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 531 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 533 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 533 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 528 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 541 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 541 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 526 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 532 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 537 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 540 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 567 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 536 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 529 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 525 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 549 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 548 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 549 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 559 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 513 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 549 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 569 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 536 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 537 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 604 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 581 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 560 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 578 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 543 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 587 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 528 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 546 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 534 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 528 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 556 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 528 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 562 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 539 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 561 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 538 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 563 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 550 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 545 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 561 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 568 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 580 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 545 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 552 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 570 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 532 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 559 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 540 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 568 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 541 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 564 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 526 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 582 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 567 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 544 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 561 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
What's in a name? 556 MDaines 12-Jul-18 10:34
Re: What's in a name? 548 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 550 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
Re: What's in a name? 547 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:30
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 563 Broker 16-Jul-18 22:17
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 585 SallyA 19-Jul-18 19:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 556 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:36
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 563 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:35


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