Kristin's comment was prescient, yet again.
And I would trace the original roots of the Western mental construct of presumed 'reality' back to Ptolemy, the Roman born in Egypt nearly 2000 years ago. His followers gave ever-more-complicated explanations for new observations while clinging to their core assumption that Earth was the center of the entire universe. Their 'reality' was based upon Ptolemy's ‘scientific’ view of the cosmos—published around 150 CE.
It is apparent that ancient wisdom was already lost, or had gone deeply underground, by that point. And the Egyptians' Royal Library of Alexandria may well have been largely destroyed by fire before Ptolemy’s life even began. In that context, the articulate scholar created his model of an Earth-centered universe. It became a core Christian dogma to which the Church would cling tenaciously for more than a millennium.
In one sense, though, Ptolemy was a forerunner of some modern scientists. He insisted that observation was paramount. Yet he started with a mental theory of the cosmos to which he and his followers then fitted their ongoing observations. A medieval woodcut printing that displayed their strange ideas appears below.
Each new Ptolemaic interpretation was based on a mental assumption that had been flawed from the start. The theory grew more complex over time, but it was enforced by central authorities for 1,500+ years.
Ptolemy also argued for adopting an artificial musical scale. It was based on a monochord that was multiplied or divided by two to create octaves along with filler notes, known as tetrachords. But apparently, all this was rooted arbitrarily in Ptolemy’s personal preference for the use of certain standardized numbers to produce orderly sound. And he dismissed the mystical scale that Pythagoras had propounded, which was the basis of the Music of the Spheres and had come from mathematical patterns in creation (as well as ancient knowledge of the Earth and solar system).
Eventually, the long-term result was the diatonic scale of musical chords we have today. It is a product of the intellectual mind, with no basis in sacred numbers or natural patterns.