Archeological evidence shows that the Hebrews/Jews were originally as polytheistic as their neighbors in the region. They even had many of the same gods and goddesses, such as Marduk and Asherah. It was an individual now known as the "prophet" Elijah who somehow reformed their religious culture into monotheism, introducing "Yahweh" as the supreme god. Exactly how he did this is not known. He might have been a warlord who did it by force. The existing scriptures then had to be 'rewritten' to be consistent with the new religious order.
This is where things get messy, and you can still see the mess in the "Bible" as we have it today. "God" is sometimes referred to as Yahweh (yod heh vau heh, vowels are not written in Hebrew) but only read aloud as "The Lord" (Adonai), but also as "El" (the name for the chief of the old pantheon), sometimes as "Elohim" which is a feminine plural -- "goddesses" -- this is the name used in most of the Genesis passages, and quite a few names besides. You'd need to consult some scholarly tomes to figure out which name of God is being used in that Psalm. But this could originally have been something attributed to "El" speaking on behalf of the entire pantheon.
Edited 3 time(s). Last edit at 17-Jan-20 21:59 by Nolondil.