> Hi, I think you need to describe the process of
> “copying DNA.” I am probably confused as to
> the lack of specificity and/or examples.
DNA contains the INFORMATION on how an indivdual, whaterver specie, is to be build. The information is coded, and each code describe an amino acid. To build an organisem, result of an fertilization, the information is copyed FROM the DNA TO the manufacturer, which is a "machine" within each cell. Exactly as we do when we construct information, and send the information to a manufacturer. Like for diesel engins. The machine is called Ribosome, and exist within each cell. The ribosom understand the information copied and brought from the DNA, and start producing amino acids. The amino acides binds together in shorter or longer strands, called peptides. Typicaly 2.3, -hundreds. Up to several thousands. ONE such strand is called a protein. Proteins build, systematically, all the "machines", or "organs" that the cells contain, and that maintain the life processes. Error in copying FROM DNA TO Ribosom is a mutation. Hemoglobin is a protein that convey oxygen from the lungs to each and every cell. It consist of 573 different amino acids, that must ALL come on the RIGHT PLACE in the peptide to be functionnally. Long time ago, a mutation occoured. ONE amino acid were substituted with another, causing a mutation.
That led to sickle cells anemia. If the forlegs of an dino shall develop to wings on a bird, you can not imagine how much information is to be taken away; A human consist of APP, 35 trillion cells, of which our arms come to 2% (? from memory)
That would be 700 billion (??) cells. Dino forelegs... 140 billion cells??? Each cell containing thousends of "machines" (organelles) Each organell consisting of LOTS of proteins. Each protein consisting og lots of amino acids.
The total information, all the DNA codes, is enooooormus. All that information shall randomly, by errors in copying DNA, disappear, and be replaced by analog NEW genetic information. BY ACCIDENT. Where do that information, the genes, come from? As earlier mentioned, scientific studies of copying information will cause mistakes, dovoluting into "porridge". Everybody accept that this (from legs to wings) can not happend in an instant. It must have happend during loooots of time, all time while the dino/bird survive and thrive. Where are the intermediates? Answer; they are not there.
> Nature just copied things exactly, then you
> wouldn’t have evolution.
Righet. The DNA information, the Genes, is more like a deck of card. There are 52. Each hand is different, but within the 52. If you take humans as example, there are a lots of us, but a human is a human. If random mutations and natural, selection is correct, there would be LOOOOTS humans en route to be something else. That would obviously go for all species. The reality in paleonthology/archaeollogy is that there is no specie gradually "gliding" into another, So called intermediats.
> think it is on your point to switch from
> reproduction to human manufacturing processes.
I notwithstanding do, because human manufacturing and reproduction are absolutely similar. A thougt and an action.
> Manufacturers are always improving their engines,
> then they intentionally try to copy the best
Human manufacturing can be seen as a
> “natural” process
Wrong if "natural" means accidental. It is a consious process.
Coded information carry an obvious similarity to consiousness.