“So Paul, standing in the Are-op’agus, said: ‘Men of Athens, I perceive that in every way you are very religious. For as I passed along, and observed the objects of your worship, I found also an altar with this inscription, ‘To an unknown god.’ What therefore you worship as unknown , this I proclaim to you . The God who made the world and everything in it, being Lord of heaven and earth, does not live in shrines made by man , or is he served by human hands, as though he needed anything, since he himself gives to all men life and breath and everything. And he made from one every nation of men to live on all the face of the earth, having determined allowed periods and the boundaries of their habitation, that they should seek God, in the hope that they might feel after him and find him. Yet he is not far from each of us, for
‘In him we live and move and have our being’;
Even some of your poets have said,
‘For we are indeed his offspring.’
Being the God’s offspring, we ought not to think that the deity is like gold, or silver, or stone, a representation by the art and imagination of man.”
Acts 17: 22 – 29
This section is St. Paul staying his views on the nature of “god” as many would do today. But it is one of the few sections in the Old and New Testaments where the nature of god is discussed. To me the OT and NT are not theological documents but rather documents about the lives of men and women and their actions in creating religions directly and countries secondarily.
When we read the Gospel of Thomas we get an insight into how these people thought rather than what they did. So it is quite enlightening.