Yeah, I have read here and there about the differing views over this, and for the most part, all I see is folks and their locations having an impact upon their observations. (This link shows the difference between location and observations: [www.classicalastrologer.com].
Anyway, because there are differing views, it was enough for me to do some math :)
As much as I can grasp, the Sothic Cycle pertains to the merging of two calendar periods - the 365 day Egyptian year and Sirius’ near-365 ¼ day year. And we know the particulars of this because a one day discrepancy in the celebration of Sirius’ rising at dawn after four years meant the Egyptian’s could have a party with no guest, and that just ain’t right :) Yeah, they fixed that now and then by adjusting the date a day before Inundation began, and other times they didn’t and the observed date wandered away from the actual event.
Left to wander enough, it takes 1460 actual years for the observations to coincide again, or 1461 Egyptian years, depending on which way you want to go. The wonder of this is that for every 1460/1 years, Sirius is exactly in the position on the horizon and at the exact time of rising upon it as it was 1460/1 years before, and that does not match in with the general layout of the starry night: it takes a full precession for the other stars to do this.
What does this mean? Well, if one were to line up something with Sirius, over and over again, you would know it was perfect for aligning every 1461 Egyptian years and pretty damn good every 4 years, but for any other star, every 25,772 years. This is the difference between following many stars on their journey upon the ecliptic, and following Sirius as not on the ecliptic. But certainly it depends on one’s location upon the face of our planet…being a fraction under 30degrees north latitude has some amazing properties for star gazing.
(The actual year - Tropical Year - is a fraction different to the Sothic year, being 365.24219 days long, but certainly the extent of precession realigns these differences to perfectly coincide every precessional cycle. There are 17.64 Sothic Cycles in a Precessional Cycle, and 1764 comes and goes in importance, yes?).
As for the Year of The Gods, wouldn’t this refer to the Tropical Year? Or is it something else?