The device recovered from the Antikythera wreck was probably made in Syracuse but is dated to the early first century BCE. This is based on the inscriptions and the extensive historical knowledge of the evolution of ancient Greek and the calendar used in Syracuse. See: Derek de Solla Price, "Gears from the Greeks. The Antikythera Mechanism: A Calendar Computer from ca. 80 B. C." Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Ser., Vol. 64, No. 7. (1974), pp. 1–70.
Surely the astronomical knowledge of things like the Saros cycle (223 month cycle of lunar and solar eclipses) originated before the classical Greek period. The Sumerians, Babylonians, and Egyptians were all assiduous observers and meticulous recorders of astronomical events.
Like ancient Rome, we today are once more importing every form of exotic superstition in the hope of finding the right remedy for our sickness.
-- C. G. Jung
Richard Wilhelm: In Memoriam (1930), CW 15: pg. 60
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