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3800-3100 B.C. Qustul: The oldest tombs of a pharaonic type are found in Nubia (Kingdom of Qustul), and these thirty-three A-Group tombs appear in Nubia before the dynastic period. Cemetery L at Qustul, which is a small cemetery containing unusually large and wealthy tombs of A-Group. It was in one of these graves, "L-24" coded by the excavators, that the mysterious incense burner came to light. An incense burner with figures and pictographs gouged deep into the clay. This censer had been found, not in Egypt, but nearly 200 miles deep in Nubia.

***The inscription showed three ships sailing in procession. The three ships were sailing toward the royal palace. One of the ships carried a lion - perhaps a deity. The central boat carries the king, sitting and equipped with long robe, flail and White Crown. All motifs that would later become symbols of Pharaonic rule in Egypt. This piece had been made no later than 3400 B.C. At that early date, there were not supposed to have been any such things as pharaohs or pharaohs' palaces. The discovery of the Qustul Incense Burner is considered one of the earliest certifiable uses of incense by a culture. This Qustul burner also rose a debate regarding the Nubian origin of Egyptian civilization. Upon the Incense Burner is a relief of a royal procession considered by many archeologists as evidence of the worlds first monarchy. This debate maintains that Nubian culture often referred to as Ta-seti, developed as early as 7000 B.C. forming the source for Egyptian Pharonic culture, as well as its religious system. However, Egyptologists all agree that the bounty of the lush Nile Valley was instrumental to the luxuriant flowering of Ancient Egypt. The Sahara was not always a desolate wasteland. Some 10,000 years ago, the Sahara received considerably more rain than it does today, permitting a savanna-like vegetation of open grasslands peppered with shrubs and trees, much like the East African plains of today.[end]
Evidence of the Badarians into Pre-historic Egypt (4500-3800 BC)

T Bird


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Subject Views Written By Posted
Migration of the Nile and dating of the Giza complex 1611 iainwentworth 09-Feb-12 20:46
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 2386 Thunderbird 10-Feb-12 19:27
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 617 Ahatmose 10-Feb-12 19:36
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 576 Thunderbird 10-Feb-12 20:26
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 550 David Campbell 23-Feb-12 22:29
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 529 dmatherly 24-Feb-12 16:58
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 418 David Campbell 25-Feb-12 01:04
Re: Joseph R Jochmans/sidebar/ancient 595 Thunderbird 24-Feb-12 19:36
Re: Joseph R Jochmans/sidebar/ancient 490 David Campbell 24-Feb-12 23:09
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 438 LonelyAngel 27-Feb-12 20:14
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 457 Ahatmose 10-Feb-12 19:39
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 443 Ahatmose 10-Feb-12 19:43
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 412 iainwentworth 22-Feb-12 01:03
The Old Nile 522 loveritas 24-Feb-12 07:03
Re: The Old Nile 380 cladking 24-Feb-12 16:01
Re: The Old Nile 482 David Campbell 24-Feb-12 23:24
Re: The Old Nile 483 cladking 25-Feb-12 00:18
Re: The Old Nile 397 loveritas 25-Feb-12 03:26
Re: The Old Nile 505 Thunderbird 25-Feb-12 04:02
Re: The Old Nile 341 dmatherly 25-Feb-12 05:40
Re: The Old Nile 427 Raja 26-Feb-12 22:14
Re: The Old Nile 382 Thunderbird 27-Feb-12 04:13
Re: The Old Nile 369 Raja 27-Feb-12 20:43
Re: more temples on terraces 415 Thunderbird 27-Feb-12 04:45
Re: The Old Nile 424 Raja 27-Feb-12 21:48
Re: The Old Nile 388 iainwentworth 25-Feb-12 23:08
Re: The Old Nile 395 loveritas 26-Feb-12 03:13
Re: The Old Nile 418 Thunderbird 26-Feb-12 05:07
Re: The Old Nile 471 loveritas 27-Feb-12 00:52
Re: The Old Nile - Scorpion King 366 Thunderbird 27-Feb-12 04:03
The 'droop' in his chin 437 Ratcho 27-Feb-12 06:24
Re: The 'droop' in his chin 413 Thunderbird 27-Feb-12 23:45
Planet of Green Reptilians? 484 loveritas 29-Feb-12 06:14
Re: Osiris of the 2 Rivers? 375 Thunderbird 29-Feb-12 16:37
Re: The Old Nile - Scorpion King 439 loveritas 27-Feb-12 06:51
Re: The Old Nile - Scorpion King 473 David Campbell 27-Feb-12 15:34
Re: Malta and migrations to North Africa from Europe 431 Thunderbird 28-Feb-12 00:12
Re: 3800-3100 B.C. Qustul 2114 Thunderbird 28-Feb-12 22:10
Re: 3800-3100 B.C. Qustul 471 Raja 01-Mar-12 20:15
Re: The decline.... 441 Thunderbird 01-Mar-12 21:46
Re: The Old Nile 353 Sidepr 26-Feb-12 06:12
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 415 Sidepr 24-Feb-12 10:31
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 3369 Thunderbird 24-Feb-12 18:45
Life and Death in Egypt 400 loveritas 25-Feb-12 07:57
Re: Life and Death in Egypt 442 Thunderbird 25-Feb-12 16:59
Re: Life and Death in Egypt 368 loveritas 25-Feb-12 23:37
Re: Life and Death in Egypt 363 Wiracocha 03-Apr-18 12:07


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