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I originally posted this some time ago elsewhere but the photos might be relevant here. At the time I posted the full article wasn't available online so I included extracts which I've left in this post:



I took with me a copy of "Pyramid Construction, New Evidence Discovered at Giza" by Zahi Hawass. It appeared in "Beitrage zur Kulturgeschichte Agyptens; Rainer Stadelmann" 1998. This is just about the section on ramps.

III. 2. The Discovery of the Ramp.



During the work of relocating the Sound and Light Show cables at Giza, we were able to excavate their route beginning at the Southwest of the Great Pyramid.
Also at this time we started the re-excavation of the cemetery GIS and the restoration of the tombs there.
As was discussed above the only possible side for the erection of the ramp during the reign of Khufu was the South side. The ramp was constructed of limestone chips, gypsum, and a calcareous clay called Tafla. Due to the hardiness of the construction materials what remains of the ramp, after the Egyptians removed it to build the tombs of GIS, should still exist on the South side.

We started to remove sand for the erection of the cables North of the paved road and South of the pyramid. During the work we found a big part of the ramp used to transport the stones from the quarry to the pyramid base. This part of the ramp consisted of two walls built of stone rubble and mixed with Tafla. The area in between was filled with sand and gypsum forming the bulk of the ramp (figs 3-5, pl. 3b,4a).



The length of the West wall is 1.40m, built of a stone rubble and Tafla. The maximum height is 60cm. Mud was used to consolidate the stones.
The Eastern Wall is located about 1.50m to the east of the west wall. The width is 1.45m and it is also built of stone rubble.
On the South side of the paved road, South of Khufu's pyramid, we excavated down about 2.50m and found another part of the ramp. This part is in line with the Eastern and Western wall and is of similar construction. This discovery proves that the ramp led from the quarry to the Southwest corner of the pyramid and was made of stone rubble and Tafla.



The ramp rises to about 30ms above the pyramid's base at its Southwest corner (fig 6). The ramp would have leaned against the pyramid's faces as they rose. Somewhat like accretion layers wrapped around the pyramid with a roadway on top. The weight of this ramp is borne by the ground around the pyramid. Traffic could move along the top of this structure as both pyramid and ramp rose in tandem. The top of the pyramid could be reached with only one and one quarter turns. The slope would rise with each turn from a reasonable 65°, for the first section, to as much as 18° for the last climb to the apex.

And here's the photos which aren't brilliant as I scanned from a photocopy. It doesn't help that the original captions are wrong as G1c has nothing to do with it and the ramps are at the South-West corner not the South-East:






I did my best to replicate the photos but the area has obviously been back filled since the excavation so there's not a lot to see now:





This ramp should not be confused with the one previously described by Lehner which is on the South-Corner. He describes it as:

"East of Khufu's pyramid and south of the queen's pyramids and mastabas in the Eastern Field, archaeologists from Cairo University excavated two parallel walls, formed, like so many other secondary walls at Giza, of small broken stone set in tafla clay. One of the walls is thicker and made of segments 10 cubits (5.25m or 17ft 3in) long. Because the excavators cleared the debris between them, they now describe a corridor, but we suspect that they were retaining walls - the debris fill being the body of the ramp or construction embankment." (The Complete Pyramids p.217)

Here's what that looks like:



Jon

www.egyptarchive.co.uk

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 354 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 12:31
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 273 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 15:41
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 245 cladking 05-Feb-10 17:01
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 203 sher 05-Feb-10 17:37
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 226 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 18:27
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 273 papalou 05-Feb-10 18:36
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 294 sher 05-Feb-10 19:23
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 285 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:16
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 242 sher 05-Feb-10 21:44
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 243 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:59
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 218 sher 05-Feb-10 22:22
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 258 cladking 05-Feb-10 22:57
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 228 sher 05-Feb-10 23:20
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 272 cladking 05-Feb-10 23:34
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 272 sher 05-Feb-10 23:55
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 282 papalou 06-Feb-10 02:09
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 239 cladking 06-Feb-10 02:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 223 sher 06-Feb-10 06:47
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 264 David L 06-Feb-10 20:26
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 224 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:09
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 285 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:11
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 205 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:20
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 232 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:43
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 200 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 205 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:51
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 280 Jon B 05-Feb-10 18:40
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 265 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 19:00
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 218 Jon B 05-Feb-10 19:12
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 228 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:17
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 190 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:27
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 263 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 19:57
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 192 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:04
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 263 Jon B 05-Feb-10 20:21
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 284 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:31
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 255 Jon B 05-Feb-10 20:37
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 278 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:58
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 235 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 20:45
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 245 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:26
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 278 Jon B 05-Feb-10 21:28
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 249 Warwick 06-Feb-10 18:20
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 237 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:32
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 278 Jon B 07-Feb-10 11:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 252 cladking 07-Feb-10 16:39
sigh.... 208 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:15
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 245 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:25
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 196 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 274 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:11
trying to get the thread back on topic 253 Warwick 06-Feb-10 18:16
Re: trying to get the thread back on topic 243 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:37
ONE MORE TRY...... 247 Warwick 07-Feb-10 16:26
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 243 cladking 07-Feb-10 16:43
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 235 Warwick 07-Feb-10 18:45
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 223 cladking 07-Feb-10 19:00
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 237 Warwick 08-Feb-10 17:30
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 197 cladking 08-Feb-10 21:47
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 275 Jon B 08-Feb-10 22:17
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 213 cladking 08-Feb-10 22:52
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 229 Jon B 09-Feb-10 08:21
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 279 cladking 09-Feb-10 16:47
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 288 Warwick 09-Feb-10 16:05
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 282 cladking 09-Feb-10 16:33
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 224 Warwick 09-Feb-10 17:25
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 208 cladking 09-Feb-10 17:36
I found the external Ramp 229 sher 09-Feb-10 20:32
Re: I found the external Ramp 283 cladking 09-Feb-10 21:01
Re: I found the external Ramp 183 sher 09-Feb-10 21:59
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 218 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:33
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 226 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:35
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 282 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:13
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 201 Warwick 05-Feb-10 18:59
FTR 250 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:08
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 200 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:43
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 230 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:17
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 229 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:22
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 208 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:41
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 269 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:03
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 266 Jon B 05-Feb-10 20:31
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 187 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:42
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 215 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 20:54
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 233 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:56
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 258 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:00
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 186 carolb 05-Feb-10 21:02
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 245 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 21:04
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 250 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:07
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 203 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 21:17
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 283 cladking 05-Feb-10 22:08
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 265 michael seabrook 06-Feb-10 00:05
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 268 Elizabeth Newton 06-Feb-10 07:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 243 Scott Creighton 06-Feb-10 12:16
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 268 Elizabeth Newton 07-Feb-10 16:26
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 188 Rob Miller 07-Feb-10 16:30
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 188 Elizabeth Newton 08-Feb-10 04:01
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 354 Thunderbird 07-Feb-10 05:26
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 240 Titus Livius 07-Feb-10 12:38
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 280 sher 07-Feb-10 14:09
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 258 Titus Livius 07-Feb-10 19:21
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 296 Drewski 07-Feb-10 12:58
Re: Answers.....for the initiated? : ) 302 Thunderbird 07-Feb-10 17:44
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 253 Titus Livius 06-Feb-10 09:37
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 269 Archae Solenhofen 06-Feb-10 18:50
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 252 Susan Doris 06-Feb-10 19:02
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 252 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:51
Some photos 262 Jon B 06-Feb-10 10:53
Re: Some photos 176 sher 06-Feb-10 12:20
Re: Some photos 179 Jon B 06-Feb-10 12:46
Uhmmm,... 194 sher 06-Feb-10 12:43
Re: Uhmmm,... 246 Jon B 06-Feb-10 12:48
Re: Uhmmm,... 201 sher 06-Feb-10 12:54
Re: Uhmmm,... 212 Jon B 06-Feb-10 12:56
Answer this question and win a Cigar 228 sher 06-Feb-10 15:35
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 274 Jon B 06-Feb-10 17:18
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 192 sher 06-Feb-10 20:52
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 267 Warwick 06-Feb-10 18:32
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 226 Susan Doris 06-Feb-10 18:43
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 268 Warwick 06-Feb-10 19:22
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 237 Susan Doris 06-Feb-10 20:51
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 269 cladking 06-Feb-10 23:39
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 202 Archae Solenhofen 06-Feb-10 19:16
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 193 sher 06-Feb-10 21:14
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 203 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:57
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 217 Audrey 08-Feb-10 03:00
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 282 Dr. Troglodyte 06-Feb-10 23:58


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