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Hi Carol,

Hawass seems to think he discovered Khufu's ramp but having read what Jon B posted, I am not entirely sure what Hawass discovered. Also, the dimensions quoted seem a little suspect (centimeters?):

Quote

III. 2. The Discovery of the Ramp.

During the work of relocating the Sound and Light Show cables at Giza, we were able to excavate their route beginning at the Southwest of the Great Pyramid.

Also at this time we started the re-excavation of the cemetery GIS and the restoration of the tombs there.

As was discussed above the only possible side for the erection of the ramp during the reign of Khufu was the South side. The ramp was constructed of limestone chips, gypsum, and a calcareous clay called Tafla. Due to the hardiness of the construction materials what remains of the ramp, after the Egyptians removed it to build the tombs of GIS, should still exist on the South side.

We started to remove sand for the erection of the cables North of the paved road and South of the pyramid. During the work we found a big part of the ramp used to transport the stones from the quarry to the pyramid base. This part of the ramp consisted of two walls built of stone rubble and mixed with Tafla. The area in between was filled with sand and gypsum forming the bulk of the ramp.

1. The West Wall:
The length of this wall is 1.40 centimeters, built of a stone rubble and Tafla.

The length is 60 centimeters. Mud was used to consolidate the stones.

2. The Eastern Wall
It is located to the East of the West wall about 1.50 centimeters. The width is 1.45 centimeters and it is also built of stone rubble.

On the South side of the paved road, South of Khufu's pyramid, we excavated down about 2.50 meters and found another part of the ramp. This part is in line with the Eastern and Western wall and is of similar construction. This discovery proves that the ramp led from the quarry to the Southwest comer of the pyramid and was made of stone rubble and Tafla.(see plans 2,3) The ramp rises to about 30 meters above the pyramid's base at its Southwest comer. The ramp would have leaned against the pyramid's faces as they rose. Somewhat like accretion layers wrapped around the pyramid with a roadway on top. The weight of this ramp is borne by the ground around the pyramid. Traffic could move along the top of this structure as both pyramid and ramp rose in tandem. The top of the pyramid could be reached with only one and one quarter turns. The slope would rise with each turn from a reasonable 65 degrees, for the first section, to as much as 18 degrees for the last climb to the apex. 19 - Dr. Z. Hawass

Source.

Regards,

SC


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Subject Views Written By Posted
Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 354 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 12:31
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 273 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 15:41
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 246 cladking 05-Feb-10 17:01
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 204 sher 05-Feb-10 17:37
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 227 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 18:27
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 273 papalou 05-Feb-10 18:36
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 294 sher 05-Feb-10 19:23
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 286 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:16
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 242 sher 05-Feb-10 21:44
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 243 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:59
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 218 sher 05-Feb-10 22:22
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 258 cladking 05-Feb-10 22:57
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 228 sher 05-Feb-10 23:20
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 272 cladking 05-Feb-10 23:34
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 272 sher 05-Feb-10 23:55
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 282 papalou 06-Feb-10 02:09
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 240 cladking 06-Feb-10 02:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 224 sher 06-Feb-10 06:47
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 265 David L 06-Feb-10 20:26
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 225 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:09
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 286 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:11
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 206 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:20
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 233 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:43
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 201 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 206 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:51
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 281 Jon B 05-Feb-10 18:40
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 266 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 19:00
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 218 Jon B 05-Feb-10 19:12
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 228 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:17
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 191 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:27
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 263 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 19:57
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 192 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:04
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 264 Jon B 05-Feb-10 20:21
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 285 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:31
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 256 Jon B 05-Feb-10 20:37
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 278 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:58
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 236 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 20:45
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 246 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:26
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 278 Jon B 05-Feb-10 21:28
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 249 Warwick 06-Feb-10 18:20
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 237 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:32
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 278 Jon B 07-Feb-10 11:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 253 cladking 07-Feb-10 16:39
sigh.... 208 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:15
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 246 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:25
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 197 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 274 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:11
trying to get the thread back on topic 253 Warwick 06-Feb-10 18:16
Re: trying to get the thread back on topic 244 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:37
ONE MORE TRY...... 248 Warwick 07-Feb-10 16:26
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 244 cladking 07-Feb-10 16:43
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 236 Warwick 07-Feb-10 18:45
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 223 cladking 07-Feb-10 19:00
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 237 Warwick 08-Feb-10 17:30
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 197 cladking 08-Feb-10 21:47
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 275 Jon B 08-Feb-10 22:17
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 213 cladking 08-Feb-10 22:52
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 229 Jon B 09-Feb-10 08:21
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 279 cladking 09-Feb-10 16:47
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 288 Warwick 09-Feb-10 16:05
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 282 cladking 09-Feb-10 16:33
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 224 Warwick 09-Feb-10 17:25
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 208 cladking 09-Feb-10 17:36
I found the external Ramp 229 sher 09-Feb-10 20:32
Re: I found the external Ramp 283 cladking 09-Feb-10 21:01
Re: I found the external Ramp 183 sher 09-Feb-10 21:59
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 218 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:33
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 227 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:35
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 283 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:13
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 202 Warwick 05-Feb-10 18:59
FTR 251 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:08
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 201 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:43
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 231 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:17
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 230 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:22
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 208 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:41
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 269 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:03
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 267 Jon B 05-Feb-10 20:31
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 188 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:42
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 215 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 20:54
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 233 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:56
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 258 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:00
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 186 carolb 05-Feb-10 21:02
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 245 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 21:04
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 250 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:07
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 203 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 21:17
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 283 cladking 05-Feb-10 22:08
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 265 michael seabrook 06-Feb-10 00:05
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 269 Elizabeth Newton 06-Feb-10 07:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 244 Scott Creighton 06-Feb-10 12:16
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 269 Elizabeth Newton 07-Feb-10 16:26
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 189 Rob Miller 07-Feb-10 16:30
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 188 Elizabeth Newton 08-Feb-10 04:01
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 355 Thunderbird 07-Feb-10 05:26
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 240 Titus Livius 07-Feb-10 12:38
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 280 sher 07-Feb-10 14:09
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 258 Titus Livius 07-Feb-10 19:21
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 296 Drewski 07-Feb-10 12:58
Re: Answers.....for the initiated? : ) 303 Thunderbird 07-Feb-10 17:44
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 253 Titus Livius 06-Feb-10 09:37
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 269 Archae Solenhofen 06-Feb-10 18:50
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 252 Susan Doris 06-Feb-10 19:02
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 253 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:51
Some photos 263 Jon B 06-Feb-10 10:53
Re: Some photos 177 sher 06-Feb-10 12:20
Re: Some photos 180 Jon B 06-Feb-10 12:46
Uhmmm,... 195 sher 06-Feb-10 12:43
Re: Uhmmm,... 247 Jon B 06-Feb-10 12:48
Re: Uhmmm,... 202 sher 06-Feb-10 12:54
Re: Uhmmm,... 213 Jon B 06-Feb-10 12:56
Answer this question and win a Cigar 228 sher 06-Feb-10 15:35
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 274 Jon B 06-Feb-10 17:18
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 193 sher 06-Feb-10 20:52
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 267 Warwick 06-Feb-10 18:32
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 226 Susan Doris 06-Feb-10 18:43
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 268 Warwick 06-Feb-10 19:22
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 238 Susan Doris 06-Feb-10 20:51
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 270 cladking 06-Feb-10 23:39
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 202 Archae Solenhofen 06-Feb-10 19:16
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 194 sher 06-Feb-10 21:14
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 204 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:57
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 217 Audrey 08-Feb-10 03:00
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 282 Dr. Troglodyte 06-Feb-10 23:58


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