Has anyone looked into the importance that those pits and their position might have had - perhaps from the point of view of measurement - in relation to the pyramid(s)? Has anyone attempted to relate, decode, understand them, or know if there any writings that include mention of them?”
This Topic is far more complex than it may appear; where to begin?
There are approximately 70-80 [?] known pits (mud-brick and/or stone) associated with burials; fifteen (15), or sixteen (16) of these are located at the Giza Complex. The orientations of the various finds fluctuate from the cardinal points to numerous relative bearings.
Boat and human burial associations, related to ‘proto-pyramid’ mastabas, are known from the First Dynasty. Initially, the “pits” were fashioned from mud bricks following the profile of the vessel, which were filled with bricks and sand, then mounded over.
There are five (5) “oblong boat pits that lie to the east of the Great Pyramid”, plus the two (2) rectangular pits to the south. As to their age, likely [?] contemporary with G1’s construction given their relationships to the Causeway, Khufu’s Pyramid and Mortuary Temple, Queen Hetepheres I’s Pyramid (G1a), and the Ka Pyramid (G1d); the two (2) southern pits would reasonably have been sealed shortly after Khufu’s internment.
Additionally, Khafre’s Giza complex also has seven rock cut pits, Queen Khentkaus I's complex contains one (1), possibly two (2) pits. No boat pits are known to be associated with Menkaure; however, Djedefre has one (1) at Abu Rawash.
Images Source: ”Boat Graves and Pyramid Origins”, David O’Connor, Expedition Magazine 33.3, 1991
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