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Greetings there Open Mind,

I'm afraid I couldn't disagree more with your basic premise:

First of all, you and many other alternative theorists are forgetting one very important factor. To the ancient Egyptians, the king was a god. The living incarnation of Horus on earth. This can be seen not only in the contemporary writings from the Old Kingdom such as the Pyramid Texts, but it can also be discerned from several of the Egyptian titles used to reference the king. Hm.f = His Incarnation; Hr = Horus Falcon; NTR-NFR = The Good God etc... The skilled workmen and conscripted peasant farmers who actually built the pyramid believed they were ruled over by god himself. Since that was their sincerely held conviction, these men would have been more than willing to do whatever their ruler commanded with no questions asked. Never mind the fact that the king was an absolute monarch who held the power of life and death over his subjects. During all periods of political centralization in ancient Egyptian history, but especially during the Old Kingdom, the concept of ma'at (which can be translated as divinely ordained order) was inseparably linked with the will of the pharaoh. For an Egyptian to go against ma'at, by hiding underground as per your example, would have been seen as tantamount to inviting chaos and damnation upon his head.

Secondly, your assertion that the Egyptians of the Old Kingdom would have been incapable of building the Great Pyramid is an entirely baseless assumption. Not only did Egypt have sufficient manpower, an estimated population of 1.6 million of which only about 20,000 men working in three month shifts would have been sufficient, but the copper and wooden implements employed by the Egyptian workmen would have been more than adequate to build the Great Pyramid.

1. It is certainly true that copper, in and of itself is a relatively soft metal. However, Egyptian copper tools and weapons during the Old Kingdom were intentionally hardened by adding arsenic to the mold. This produced a metallic compound that was similar to bronze in strength. Needless to say, the copper saws and chisels would have easily cut through the limestone that made up the vast bulk of the pyramid.

2. For harder stone such as granite, the Egyptians would have used copper bow drills in tandem with quartzite abrasives which would have been more than sufficient to work even the hardest stone known to them.

3. Through trade with the Levantine city-state of Byblos, Egypt received a large supply of cedar wood which was used to construct both the river barges used to transport the granite and tura limestone down the Nile, as well as to build the wooden sleds used to haul the blocks up the network of ramps.

4. Ramps would in fact have been the most efficient method to construct the Great Pyramid. I would encourage you to read the very detailed monograph written by Jean Pierre Houdin. He explains the ancient Egyptian construction techniques far better than I could.

In conclusion, the Egyptians certainly built the Great Pyramid using a combination of manpower, copper tools, wooden sleds, and ramps. And the Great Pyramid was built for and on the orders of King Khufu as his royal tomb. The entire construction project would have been completed in a maximum of 20 years. Recent evidence from the Merer Diary suggests Khufu had a reign of 27 years.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 2026 nellyjesus28 27-Nov-17 04:38
Mod Note > Topic Moved 563 Dr. Troglodyte 27-Nov-17 17:01
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 516 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 18:49
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 413 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 382 DUNE 14-Jan-18 18:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 395 Open mind 12-Jan-18 20:09
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 418 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 20:20
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 441 cladking 12-Jan-18 20:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 549 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 21:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 403 cladking 12-Jan-18 22:04
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 401 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 23:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 419 Open mind 12-Jan-18 23:54
Just Another Wacko Theory 405 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 00:31
Re: Just Another Wacko Theory 414 cladking 13-Jan-18 00:36
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 469 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 02:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 418 Open mind 13-Jan-18 02:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 408 John B 13-Jan-18 03:05
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 428 Open mind 13-Jan-18 03:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 383 John B 13-Jan-18 03:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 387 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 390 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:27
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 366 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 366 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 387 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 358 Nemobutwhatiimagian 13-Jan-18 22:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 374 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:22
Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 486 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 396 John B 13-Jan-18 03:31
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 344 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 04:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 370 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 455 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 395 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 390 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 396 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 381 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 380 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 360 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 328 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 322 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:52
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 313 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 288 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 443 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 10:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 376 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 350 cladking 13-Jan-18 14:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 396 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 385 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 315 Origyptian 16-Jan-18 20:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 314 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 14:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 306 Origyptian 17-Jan-18 19:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 368 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 23:11
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 335 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 15:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 364 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:34
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 312 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 348 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:55
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 348 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:07
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 345 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 330 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 17:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 366 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 371 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 363 cladking 13-Jan-18 18:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 348 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 394 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 19:16
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 319 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 426 Merrell 13-Jan-18 20:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 362 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 344 eyeofhorus33 13-Jan-18 23:14
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 313 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 365 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 315 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:38
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 373 Thanos5150 13-Jan-18 17:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 391 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 376 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:58
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 339 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:21
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 345 cladking 13-Jan-18 22:48
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 356 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 370 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:10
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 407 Rickard 13-Jan-18 21:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 373 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 302 Open mind 14-Jan-18 19:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 367 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 384 cladking 14-Jan-18 00:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 370 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 03:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 384 Audrey 14-Jan-18 04:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 376 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 05:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 393 Audrey 14-Jan-18 06:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 333 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 12:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 378 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 14:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 440 Open mind 14-Jan-18 20:01
Just Curious 385 WonderWho 14-Jan-18 12:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 330 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 00:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 353 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 368 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 18:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 380 Open mind 12-Jan-18 22:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 397 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 359 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 364 kirass 18-Jan-18 14:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 311 Origyptian 18-Jan-18 17:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 356 Anonymous User 18-Jan-18 19:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 555 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 467 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:55


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