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Thanos5150 Wrote:
-------------------------------------------------------
> Audrey Wrote:
> --------------------------------------------------
> -----
> > Doesn't look to be a mine as no minerals are
> > mentioned. I lean towards it being a shelter.
>
> Inkerman was the site of a famous battle during
> the Crimean War of the 1800's. If interested:
> HERE. Inkerman mountain in general was quarried
> extensively in the 19th century as well, but from
> what I gathered that particular quarry was started
> in WWII.
>
> 19th century photo of the aqueduct that was at the
> foot of one of the quarries:

Quote

In A Guide to the Crimea published in 1914 in Simferopol, we read "The main building material in the Crimea is limestone, of which there are several varieties. So-called Inkerman stone has been widely used for the rebuilding of Sevastopol. It has been extracted since ancient times and was exported even to Rome". Inkerman stone was apparently known to the inhabitants of ancient Khersones (500 to 100 bC) to the south of Sevastopol, and in the ancient Greek town of Feodoro (Dori) on the site of the present day city of Inkerman. Legend has it that Emperor Trajan banished Pope Clement I here to work in the quarries, where he died a martyr. In those far off days, as in more recent times, extraction was carried out underground. Indirect evidence of underground workings are the entrances to galleries and caves, partially hidden by undergrowth on the steep mountain slopes (Fig 2). Centuries later, quarrying increased significantly - at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, mainly due to the development of Sevastopol.

In 1890 the city was officially designated the main base and fortress of Russia´s Black Sea fleet. The fleet´s headquarters were transferred here from Nikolayev. This precipitated much building work, with extensive use of Inkerman limestone. The white stone was also transported to many Crimean towns and villages. One example is the Grand Livadia Palace on the slopes above Yalta (Fig. 3). Built on the site of an old imperial palace, it took 17 months to build from April 1910 to September 1911. For a short period it was the summer residence of Tsar Nicolas II. In February 1945, Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt met here to decide the fate of the post World War 2 world and the division of Europe.

World War I and the civil war and revolution in Russia resulted in a complete cessation of walling stone quarrying in the Crimea - all quarries were abandoned. In the 1930s extraction recommenced, prompted by a resurgence of house building and civil engineering projects. Mechanisation was introduced into the quarries, including chain saws developed by local inventors. World War II halted this renaissance. The post-war period naturally required a vastly increased volume of building materials. A significant increase in dimensional stone production was only possible through a fundamental modernisation of quarrying. New specialized machines began to appear in the Crimean quarries, made in Baku, Leninakan, Moscow and Simferopol. The radical modernisation transformed the Inkerman workings from a series of small "diggings" into a large mechanized mining concern with a productivity several orders of magnitude higher than earlier. Production of large walling blocks at Pervomaisk quarry before the break-up of the USSR peaked at around 55.000 m3 / year.

The two traditional products of the Crimean limestone quarries were and still are: walling stone in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped with dimensions 330 x 190 x 188 mm or 490 x 24 x 188 mm, and large walling blocks (64 specifications) with a total length of 980-3020 mm, height of 820-1000 mm and width of 300-500 mm. The use of limestone walling blocks in the Crimea and in surrounding regions (especially for rural buildings) greatly alleviated chronic shortages of other building materials, and has proved to be much more cost effective than building with locally made red bricks. With large wall blocks, labour costs are reduced by a factor of 3, consumption of mortar and plaster is much reduced, whilst the rate of construction is 2-2,5 times faster.

The enhanced quarry production capacity meant that Inkerman limestone could now be supplied not only for various local public and private building projects but also further afield. Outside the Crimea, major projects have included the Ukraina Palace in Kiev, the Olympic Sports Palace, Mir Hotel, Olympic Village, Tretyakov Gallery and several "cottages" in Moscow region, the Russian Federation Consulate in Kishinyov, Moldavia, the NATO HQ in Brussels, Belgium, etc. The sanatorium complex at Foros was clad with a lot of Inkerman limestone.

Source.

According to this Inkerman was known and quarried in Greek and Roman times as well.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
No other explanation ...high tech 1975 Racho 11-Nov-17 21:39
sorry to all...but at the 21 min mark and a few minutes after 439 Racho 11-Nov-17 22:08
another cave ...more oddities 119 Racho 16-Jan-20 22:12
Re: another cave ...similar thing in China 142 forumfan 18-Jan-20 14:12
Re: No other explanation ...high tech 489 D-Archer 12-Nov-17 08:57
Re: No other explanation ...high tech 471 Thanos5150 12-Nov-17 17:31
Not megalithic 583 Racho 14-Nov-17 06:40
Re: Not megalithic 372 Audrey 14-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Not megalithic 386 Jon Ellison 14-Nov-17 20:33
Re: Not megalithic 270 Audrey 14-Nov-17 21:56
Re: Not megalithic 300 Jon Ellison 14-Nov-17 22:23
Re: Not megalithic 310 Audrey 14-Nov-17 22:49
Re: Not megalithic 265 Jon Ellison 14-Nov-17 23:33
Re: Not megalithic 371 Audrey 15-Nov-17 01:49
Re: Not megalithic 476 Jon Ellison 15-Nov-17 07:35
Re: Not megalithic 294 Audrey 15-Nov-17 22:23
Re: Not megalithic 365 Racho 27-Nov-17 01:46
Re: Not megalithic 333 Corpuscles 27-Nov-17 02:28
Re: Not megalithic 374 Racho 27-Nov-17 02:52
Stone Spheres Are Natural Formations 248 Barbelo 27-Nov-17 05:37
I think the point is proven 288 Racho 27-Nov-17 06:04
Re: I think the point is proven ; 325 Barbelo 27-Nov-17 11:02
dismissive 231 Racho 27-Nov-17 16:48
Re: I think the point is proven 231 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:36
Let's learn about the science/realities associated with cutting stone 270 Racho 27-Nov-17 06:41
Re: Not megalithic 242 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 06:50
I Second That 341 Barbelo 27-Nov-17 20:52
wow...talk about being unhinged/triggered 279 Racho 27-Nov-17 23:26
Re: wow...talk about being unhinged/triggered 273 Corpuscles 27-Nov-17 23:46
Re: wow...talk about being unhinged/triggered 309 Barbelo 28-Nov-17 00:00
you start... 345 Racho 28-Nov-17 03:53
Re: you start... 344 Barbelo 28-Nov-17 05:15
Re: I Second That 379 Audrey 28-Nov-17 01:43
Wacko or Crackpot? 395 Barbelo 28-Nov-17 02:30
Re: Wacko or Crackpot? 322 Corpuscles 28-Nov-17 02:49
Re: Wacko or Crackpot? 343 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:38
Re: Wacko or Crackpot? 411 Barbelo 28-Nov-17 05:23
Re: Not megalithic 264 Corpuscles 27-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Not megalithic 371 Audrey 28-Nov-17 00:11
Re: Not megalithic 417 Corpuscles 28-Nov-17 00:55
Re: Not megalithic 307 Audrey 28-Nov-17 02:02
Re: Not megalithic 462 Warwick 29-Nov-17 21:08
Re: Not megalithic 322 Origyptian 15-Nov-17 22:38
Re: Not megalithic 302 Jon Ellison 15-Nov-17 23:10
Re: Not megalithic 265 Jon Ellison 15-Nov-17 23:32
Re: Not megalithic 400 Origyptian 16-Nov-17 02:47
Re: Not megalithic 336 Origyptian 16-Nov-17 02:43
Re: Not megalithic 392 Origyptian 14-Nov-17 21:58
Re: Not megalithic 332 Jon Ellison 14-Nov-17 22:14
Re: Not megalithic 303 Origyptian 14-Nov-17 22:38
Re: Not megalithic 284 Thanos5150 14-Nov-17 22:55
Re: Not megalithic 373 Thanos5150 14-Nov-17 23:02
Re: Not megalithic 263 Audrey 14-Nov-17 23:46
Re: Not megalithic 342 Corpuscles 15-Nov-17 00:09
Re: Not megalithic 355 Audrey 15-Nov-17 01:15
Re: Not megalithic 385 Thanos5150 15-Nov-17 00:26
Re: Not megalithic 326 Corpuscles 14-Nov-17 22:47
Re: Not megalithic 343 Warwick 15-Nov-17 02:47
Re: Not megalithic 354 Audrey 15-Nov-17 04:06
Re: Not megalithic 280 Warwick 18-Nov-17 00:59
Re: Not megalithic 377 Racho 15-Nov-17 06:26
Re: Not megalithic 396 Warwick 18-Nov-17 01:01
Re: No other explanation ...high tech 431 Origyptian 12-Nov-17 14:37
Re: No other explanation ...high tech 485 Corpuscles 12-Nov-17 17:48
There Has Never Been Solid Ground 415 cladking 12-Nov-17 19:10
Re: There Has Never Been Solid Ground 365 Corpuscles 12-Nov-17 20:06
Re: There Has Never Been Solid Ground 371 cladking 12-Nov-17 20:55
Re: There Has Never Been Solid Ground!!!!!!!!!!! 352 Corpuscles 12-Nov-17 21:26
Re: There Has Never Been Solid Ground!!!!!!!!!!! 391 cladking 12-Nov-17 21:42
Facinating 365 Warwick 14-Nov-17 20:23
Re: Facinating 329 cladking 14-Nov-17 21:33
Re: Facinating 360 Warwick 15-Nov-17 02:51


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