> "Ethnographic observations provide clear evidence
> that the existence of a previously hypothetical
> coca plant in southern Africa is highly unlikely
> to explain the origin of cocaine in ancient
> Egyptian mummies. All four coca species in Africa
> were never cultivated. The same applies to the
> numerous wild coca relatives in Madagascar. They
> all have the same cultural meaninglessness as the
> wild species in South America. Only the three
> cultivated (cocaine-containing) species in the New
> World have been taken into the care of the native
> people. Two of them have then been spread by
> humans over vast areas, first within the Americas
> and later outside the western continent landmass.
> These new findings are of great importance for the
> evaluation of a possible transatlantic importation
> of cocaine for ancient Egyptian mummification in
> pre-Columbian times."
The other component of these finds, I would note, is tobacco also likely of South American origin. I had to drill down on the research for this several years ago writing for the Wiki Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories article and I have to say the treatment of German toxicologist Svetlana Balabanova and Rosalie David, Keeper of Egyptology at the Manchester Museum, by their peers was shameful. Particularly Balabanova who was just a scientist doing the job she was paid to do and had no dog in the fight. For the same reasons I was treated no better by the Wiki mafia for adding this to the article, but for the most part it is still there though looking at it several years later they still got their stank on it.
It is strange to me the almost violent reaction some have at the thought of ancient peoples travelling from the Old World to the Americas or vise versa prior to Columbus. Humans traversed across large expanses of open water to Australia 60,000yrs ago yet Egyptians, Romans, Phoenicians, Chinese, ect travelling to the Americas, in superior boats compared to Columbus no less, is just crazy talk. I guess its ok for the Vikings, though it's rarely talked about regardless, because they supposedly po-goed along the coast line so that doesn't really count.
Edited 3 time(s). Last edit at 28-Aug-17 15:17 by Thanos5150.