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If I recall correctly, in that part of Egypt the weather was from the north. This means when it rained or when sand blew, it usually came from north to south. It also follows that the open portals on G1's north face will tend to accumulate sand and water more than those on the south face. This is exactly what's been reported for the KC shafts and also the Main Entrance.

For example, Gantenbrink reported that the north KC shaft and that the shaft contained a lot of sand. I don't recall him reporting that the southern KC shaft had as much sand. I also don't recall Gantenbrink describing a hole lot of guano in the shaft. Are there any old photos of the southern shaft? I haven't come across any that show a similar stain.

Likewise, limestone powder was reported by Edgar to have been found at the bottom of the DP that was hardened into cement that was barely discernable from the limestone bedrock of the walls of that passage. Edgar postulated that the hardened "cement" was the result of water from the northern rains over centuries that picked up limestone powder in the passage and flowed down to the bottom where it hardened into "rock" as it adhered to the corner formed by the floor and the wall. When he chipped off that cement, he found a preserved worm in it.

Likewise, the stain on the KC wall below the northern shaft in Rutherford's photo is likely similar residual limestone power washed down from rain that collected into the KC's open shaft over the centuries.

There is no compelling reason to assume the KC shaft was designed to be open to the outside environment from the beginning. First, we know that the QC shafts aren't open to the outside. Second, we don't know whether the casing skin may have sealed the upper portal of that shaft (fwiw, Zahi asserts in Whitehead's Djedi paper that this was the case). This would mean that the stain on the KC wall is the result of limestone power accumulation only for the past 1200 years, of from the time the casing were stripped off, allegedly circa 800 AD which is a plausible amount of time to accumulate such a subtle stain from such a narrow, long shaft of masonry in which limestone power could certainly have accumulated over the millennia.

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How can any of us ever know, when all we can do is think?

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Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 3137 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 14:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 698 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 15:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 619 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 613 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 589 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 495 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 474 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 494 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 555 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 500 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 17:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 408 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 604 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 18:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 537 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 587 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 23:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 515 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 08:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 446 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 10:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 401 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:38
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 525 Howard West 13-Aug-17 23:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 543 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 00:40
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 451 Howard West 14-Aug-17 14:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 395 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 10:35
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 409 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:41
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 381 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Where the salt water came from 428 Howard West 15-Aug-17 14:44
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 369 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 469 Thunderbird 14-Aug-17 00:48
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 449 gulsbo 15-Aug-17 16:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 461 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 395 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 452 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 09:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 412 Merrell 14-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 408 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 12:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 368 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 16:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 393 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 380 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 19:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 378 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 360 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 22:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 402 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 405 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 360 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 00:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 437 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 00:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 428 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 07:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 383 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 363 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 369 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 417 cladking 15-Aug-17 00:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 445 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 12:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 411 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 412 Thunderbird 15-Aug-17 01:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 368 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 15:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 433 cladking 14-Aug-17 17:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 428 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 19:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 426 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 701 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 16:37
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 525 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 435 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 20:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 233 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 498 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 21:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 433 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 376 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 429 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 437 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 12:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 462 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 14:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 393 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 15:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 416 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 355 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 21:11
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 367 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 22:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 392 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 23:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 384 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 15:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 400 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 16:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 510 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 16:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 377 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 19:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 354 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 20:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 363 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 419 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 22:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 392 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 20:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 385 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 362 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 354 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 432 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 350 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 23:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 379 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 396 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:49
Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 409 Dr. Troglodyte 15-Aug-17 23:45
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 406 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:47
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 368 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 01:05
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 385 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:38
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 346 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 14:03
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 409 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:17
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 465 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:44
mise–en–scène 536 Dr. Troglodyte 16-Aug-17 23:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 461 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 386 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 405 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 415 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 438 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 20:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 415 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 21:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 380 Apap 15-Aug-17 23:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 416 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 288 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 382 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 401 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 360 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:47
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 410 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 04:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 375 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 12:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 442 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 14:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 372 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 13:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 469 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 21:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 393 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 17:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 416 cladking 17-Aug-17 18:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 473 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 415 cladking 17-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 403 Romulus the 2nd 17-Aug-17 23:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 353 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 374 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 16:56
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 375 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 360 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 359 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 381 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 21:07
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 345 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 22:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 386 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:35
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 362 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 419 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 23:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 373 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 341 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 363 Apap 19-Aug-17 00:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 398 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 311 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 10:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 276 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:21
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 291 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 326 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 328 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 12:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 265 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 303 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 358 Audrey 23-Aug-17 02:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 334 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 447 Jon Ellison 23-Aug-17 08:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 387 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 372 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 520 Apap 17-Aug-17 18:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 450 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 00:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 421 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 10:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 387 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 17:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 351 M. J. Thomas 18-Aug-17 18:22
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 406 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 471 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 401 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 359 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:50
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 460 Apap 18-Aug-17 18:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 357 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:20
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 363 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 375 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:28
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 360 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 376 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 20:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 416 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 335 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 286 Romulus the 2nd 20-Aug-17 21:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 394 DUNE 19-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 347 M. J. Thomas 19-Aug-17 20:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 407 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 22:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 385 DUNE 19-Aug-17 22:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 359 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 23:17
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 394 Origyptian 21-Aug-17 03:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 372 Jon Ellison 21-Aug-17 09:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 356 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 05:21
Re: KC Watertight flooring 362 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:46
Re: KC Watertight flooring 313 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:00
Re: KC Watertight flooring 330 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:34
Re: KC Watertight flooring 425 Jon Ellison 20-Aug-17 07:41
Re: KC Watertight flooring 317 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 381 Apap 18-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 365 Dr. Troglodyte 18-Aug-17 22:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 425 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 448 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 304 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 256 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:15


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