> Those are all good ideas.
> How do you feel about water being used to level
> the foundation?
> Would they not also use the same method, for each
> layer? If you don't, how would they kept the
> Pyramid(s) in alignment?
Steve, water can be used in several ways to achieve a level surface. I've used a plastic tubing rig to provide the water level bulb for putting up walls, a suspended ceiling, and laying down a new floor in my own basement a few years go. It works great on a relatively small enclosed area, but I never actually measured its precision. I only know it was good enough for my basement. I'm not at all so sure about using that method in ancient times when they had no practical air-tight tubing technology, let alone one that could cover a 13 acre perimeter. It's not even clear that the Dynastics knew how to establish the normal vertical or right angle or that they had a means to establish true north. And what did they use to establish a straight line, especially for distances of hundreds of feet? Line of sight can't get that degree of accuracy, especially along those vertical angled corners as they applied the casing, or along the passges (recall Petrie's 1/50" precision along the entire 150' length of the Descending Passage masonry).
Meanwhile, to use a water pool that's exposed to hot desert sun strikes me as entirely too problematic since the levels would continually change as water evaporates off and new water is constantly being added to maintain a prescribed level. It might be possible, but I don't see how that would actually work. Of course a non-evaporative liquid like oil would be a far better method for establishing a true horizontal palne, but oil has its own obvious problems. Meanwhile, in Lehner's paper on the composition of the pyramid's perimeter troughs, and various walls, drains, etc., he made it very clear that using a water pool as a leveling means within which much excavation was performed to level the field across that pool will create a very muddy pool and work surface which would render that method's ability to serve as a leveling pool as essentially nil.
Having said that, a water leveling system seems to be the most viable option available to the known Dynastic toolbox. I'm just not convinced it's a sufficiently practical means to achieve that level of precision and accuracy on such an industrial scale.
Regarding the use of water on each course, I can see how they could use a water pool to float blocks across the course, but I don't see any practical means for anything else, including transferring the blocks from the vertical "elevator" to the horizontal "conveyor", or from that conveyor to the blocks final resting place in the course.
Many of these traditional notions regarding ramps, quarrying, transporting, lifting, leveling, positioning, finishing, planing, the timeline, etc., seem quite surmountable when they're lighltly gazed upon, from a distance, through the logical fog, compounded with an unsubtantiated stream of presumption and hand waving, amidst the many unreconciled contradictions. But on closer inspection that applies more practical scrutiny, it all tends to fall apart at the seams. Virtually none of the required details are there to explain the pragmatics of actually performing such tasks in the real world.
Such notions as ramps, thousands of construction workers in loin cloths and sandals, pulling ropes to quarry and haul 100 ton blocks of granite, etc., seem at least as far-fetched as Noah's Ark in an attempt to explain the otherwise unfathomable.
How can any of us ever know, when all we can do is think?
Edited 2 time(s). Last edit at 14-Jan-17 16:46 by Origyptian.