> Could you please clarify; if the tefnut built it,
> then what did "the builders" build?
Language, and especially semantics, are like quicksand to communication.
I call these people "builders" because I believe they built it as surely as we build any modern skyscraper.
But there's a huge difference; we take full credit for building it but they credited the means by which it was built because they didn't think or talk like we do. We don't even blink if we say the craneman just lifted a 50 ton object to the top of the skyscraper because that's what they do but ancient people would have said the crane by means of electricity lifted the weight. If men had dragged stones up ramps then they would have said "men worshipped the god of ramps" (in the only way they could, by pulling stones up them).
By our standards and frames of reference men, women, and children built the pyramids. But by the standards of these actual people it was the "gods" who built the pyramids and they said so over and over and over again. We simply don't understand it because (did I mention) they didn't think or talk like we do. When they wanted to explain to someone how building was done they used terminology and phraseology that was consistent with their language. Their language was exactly like ours with the same words but they were formatted differently.
When they wanted to say it was water from a carbonated source that was used to pull material up they said "Osiris, in his name of seker, tows the earth by means of balance". This made perfect sense to them because Osiris was no longer osiris when he got in the counterweight, he became "seker" and this was his name as he towed the earth. It was the "balance" between the dndndr-boat and the 3nw-boat that allowed him to tow the earth. So long as the 3nw-boat had enough weight to break the coefficient of static friction the earth was towed.
Of course more information was need for the average person to understand such a "complicated" process so they also said that a falling counterweight attached to the stones lifted the pyramid toward the sky. Or "tefnut by means of her arms makes the earth high under the sky".
They went on and on from there and described even the minutia of pyramid building and the processes used to do it. But the fact is that there's only ONE SINGLE BOOK that survives and this book is merely a book of the rituals read at the king's ascension ceremonies. It is not a construction manual but their thinking provides the details if you just read it and believe and believe that these people weren't stinky footed bumpkins who spoke in gobbledty gook.
The PT was very ancient when our first copy was recorded in the 5th dynasty. No one can say how ancient but it was written by people who believed natural processes built the pyramids and these were the people who were actually there as they were being built. They describe pyramids that aren't complete but are now.
The actual builders of the pyramids (in our frame of reference) said the gods built the pyramids and they were exactly correct in their frame of reference. The reality is the pyramids were built one step at a time using the weight of water from a carbonated aquifer.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 09-Jan-17 16:25 by cladking.