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Thanks for the link to the larger image of the wooden stele, Thanos.

There is clearly an offering formula at work here, as evidenced by the exact groupings and position of certain glyphs, and their order in the sequence, from one stele to another. Three of the stele you provide begin in the same way and I can also read the phrase 'hsy'in all five stele, which means "praised one" (a group of five glyphs in the far left register beginning with the twisted flax and ending with the two reeds).

There is also commonality in phrasing with regard to other offering items between the stele in the middle and the one on the right: the oils (sntr) and offerings of "thousands" of "bread, beer and oils" (as indicated by the glyphs immediately to the right of the subjects' faces and beneath them the glyph which depicts the number 1,000 which you can see repeated under each of the offerings.) See here for clarification and cross reference:



Elsewhere there is commonality in the foods presented at the offering table between the stele: the heads of oryx and oxen are common to three of the five stele, while geese are added to the stele on the right.

What this verbal patterning across the five stele you provide serves to demonstrate is that by Dynasty 3 there appears to be an established offering formula and while some of it is familiar and instantly recognisable, other parts - such as the opening of the invocation - are quite different to the offering formula of Dynasty 4.

That should come as no surprise. One has only to think of how, in most traditions - music, art and literature spring readily to my mind - the next generation is often a departure from that which preceded it. Think rock 'n' roll to disco to punk in music, for example.

Matt :)



Edited 2 time(s). Last edit at 20-Dec-16 08:10 by eyeofhorus33.

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Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 2281 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:16
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 691 Notinham 13-Dec-16 01:48
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 679 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 02:25
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 610 Notinham 13-Dec-16 06:13
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 516 Thunderbird 15-Dec-16 17:45
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 548 Notinham 16-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 600 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:44
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 578 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 04:05
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 616 Morten 13-Dec-16 04:50
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 570 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 16:33
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 556 DScribr 13-Dec-16 17:02
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 538 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 506 DScribr 13-Dec-16 19:51
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 552 Warwick 13-Dec-16 20:27
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 547 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:44
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 523 Harte 19-Dec-16 21:28
Mummuy Dust 560 DScribr 19-Dec-16 21:37
Curious Metal Object-w/ 2 Cartouches??? 595 DScribr 13-Dec-16 16:57
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ 2 Cartouches??? 560 eyeofhorus33 14-Dec-16 17:04
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ 2 Cartouches??? 478 DScribr 14-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ 2 Cartouches??? 513 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ 2 Cartouches??? 438 eyeofhorus33 15-Dec-16 22:23
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ 2 Cartouches??? 506 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ fire inside? 433 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ fire inside? 633 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 22:38
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ fire inside? 438 DScribr 16-Dec-16 01:11
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ fire inside? 463 randompHactor 16-Dec-16 01:40
Primitive Tech 568 DScribr 16-Dec-16 04:00
Re: Primitive Tech 540 randompHactor 16-Dec-16 04:19
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 471 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 17:06
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 657 Apap 13-Dec-16 20:07
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 486 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 06:39
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Table Object 550 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:09
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Table Object 580 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 21:02
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Table Object 447 Jon Ellison 18-Dec-16 22:44
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Table Object 460 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:49
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 535 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 20:58
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 524 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:54
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 527 sfbey 19-Dec-16 02:30
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Table 555 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:49
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 560 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 03:58
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 506 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:17
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 430 sfbey 19-Dec-16 04:24
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 494 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:32
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 437 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:36
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 523 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 07:59
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 622 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 18:24
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 613 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 20:17
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 528 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 21:30
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 488 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 21:46
A Serekh? 464 DScribr 19-Dec-16 21:54
Re: A Serekh? 396 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 22:08
Use of the 7 Oils? 430 DScribr 19-Dec-16 22:50
Re: Use of the 7 Oils? 558 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 23:33
Re: Use of the 7 Oils 440 DScribr 20-Dec-16 02:04
Re: Use of the 7 Oils 430 eyeofhorus33 20-Dec-16 07:30
Re: Use of the 7 Oils-Ref Materials 541 DScribr 02-Jan-17 18:48
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 479 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 22:35
Two Doors 499 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 496 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 23:12
Offering formula on Unas false door Dyn V 548 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 23:52
Re: Palace Facade False Door Dynasty 4? 477 eyeofhorus33 20-Dec-16 00:01
Re: Palace Facade False Door Dynasty 4? 467 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 02:38
Re: Offering formula on Unas false door Dyn V 608 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 02:21
False doors, Menkaure inspects Work @ Giza..... 525 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:44
Re: False doors, Menkaure inspects Work @ Giza..... 518 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 05:13
Re: False doors, Menkaure inspects Work @ Giza..... 489 DScribr 02-Jan-17 18:51
Re: False doors, Menkaure inspects Work @ Giza..... 605 Thanos5150 02-Jan-17 20:36
Re: Offering formula on Unas false door Dyn V 588 eyeofhorus33 20-Dec-16 08:00
Re: Offering formula on Unas false door Dyn V 443 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 23:57
Re: Offering formula on Unas false door Dyn V 483 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:01
7 Oils. 599 DScribr 19-Dec-16 21:47
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 472 sfbey 19-Dec-16 04:18
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 499 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:31


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