> Whoever gave you the advice to learn to read
> hieroglyphs by starting with Middle Egyptian was
> right, Willie.
> By the end of dynastic Egypt, the language and its
> vocabulary had grown enormously and it's really
> quite difficult to learn.
> However, Middle Egyptian is a lot more manageable
> - about 20% of the glyphs are used about 80% of
> the time so you can pick it up more readily. Some
> of the rules of grammar are quite challenging,
> even as an English teacher, and I can understand
> why people struggle with aspects of it.
> Incense and oils are frequently mentioned in the
> funerary offering formula, too, by the way
> (normally just after the alabaster and linen) as
> sntr mrht. See below, from the stela of
> sntr (incense) is the last 4 glyphs on the left
> hand side of the second row while the mrht (oils)
> are the first 5 glyphs on the right side of the
> third row of glyphs. Interestingly, the 5th glyph
> acts as a determiner and makes me wonder if that's
> what the oils were placed in on the offering
> The numbers relate to the order the inscription
> should be read in. You'll spot the vertical line
> which separates one directional reading from
> Matt :)
Yes, he is very knowledgeable in Transliteration. Your chart lists both 'Transliteration' and 'Translation', my 'understanding' is that Transliteration covers the entire process, yes?
Yes, can be very difficult, esp. in deciding which are determinitives, etc. and the proper order of reading several grouped in a given area, (a square, etc.) a single line is easier.
I've noticed some discrepancies, (and omissions) between differently sourced Gardiner's Lists, makes things more difficult, and I recently bought a book on reading, etc. AE Glypys, and IIRC, some 137 symbols are used. (Book starts out well, w/ explanations on order of Glyphs, and meanings, etc. for single letter Trans, but only for the first few pgs, and offers little, or no help as things get more complex.....a (slow) work in progress-I started out too late in life...)
You may be correct on the oils being poured into the holes, (possibly in ALL the holes) as I reviewed the pic of the Alabaster Table, as I initially thought the lower portions of the holes were not smoothed or polished, but it IS possible that acid in the oils, and/or its residue could've caused the rough, or pitted surfaces.
I doubt the use of a wick here, judging from the pics, etc. of the small 'lamps' they used.
The 5th Glyph is the 'Ka' sign, w/ the 'Water' sign above and below, correct?
Thanks for ALL, and, (for me) the way the Trans. is presented, and laid-out can make all the difference, I learned a fair amount in a short time, (here) and from some material published by H. Carter.
Campbell's Chamber roof blocks are Tura Limestone until proven otherwise.
THE Cartouche in Campbell's Chamber IS Authentic, as are ALL other RC's Glyphs, until proven otherwise.
"This Forgery 'theory' has more holes than a sieve basket."