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Whoever gave you the advice to learn to read hieroglyphs by starting with Middle Egyptian was right, Willie.

By the end of dynastic Egypt, the language and its vocabulary had grown enormously and it's really quite difficult to learn.

However, Middle Egyptian is a lot more manageable - about 20% of the glyphs are used about 80% of the time so you can pick it up more readily. Some of the rules of grammar are quite challenging, even as an English teacher, and I can understand why people struggle with aspects of it.

Incense and oils are frequently mentioned in the funerary offering formula, too, by the way (normally just after the alabaster and linen) as sntr mrht. See below, from the stela of Mentuhotep:



sntr (incense) is the last 4 glyphs on the left hand side of the second row while the mrht (oils) are the first 5 glyphs on the right side of the third row of glyphs. Interestingly, the 5th glyph acts as a determiner and makes me wonder if that's what the oils were placed in on the offering table!

The numbers relate to the order the inscription should be read in. You'll spot the vertical line which separates one directional reading from another.

Matt :)



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 19-Dec-16 23:35 by eyeofhorus33.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 2281 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:16
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 691 Notinham 13-Dec-16 01:48
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 679 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 02:25
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 610 Notinham 13-Dec-16 06:13
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 516 Thunderbird 15-Dec-16 17:45
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 549 Notinham 16-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 600 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:44
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 578 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 04:05
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 616 Morten 13-Dec-16 04:50
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 571 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 16:33
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 556 DScribr 13-Dec-16 17:02
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 538 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 507 DScribr 13-Dec-16 19:51
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 552 Warwick 13-Dec-16 20:27
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 547 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:44
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 523 Harte 19-Dec-16 21:28
Mummuy Dust 560 DScribr 19-Dec-16 21:37
Curious Metal Object-w/ 2 Cartouches??? 595 DScribr 13-Dec-16 16:57
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ 2 Cartouches??? 560 eyeofhorus33 14-Dec-16 17:04
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ 2 Cartouches??? 478 DScribr 14-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ 2 Cartouches??? 513 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ 2 Cartouches??? 438 eyeofhorus33 15-Dec-16 22:23
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ 2 Cartouches??? 506 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ fire inside? 433 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ fire inside? 634 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 22:38
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ fire inside? 438 DScribr 16-Dec-16 01:11
Re: Curious Metal Object-w/ fire inside? 463 randompHactor 16-Dec-16 01:40
Primitive Tech 568 DScribr 16-Dec-16 04:00
Re: Primitive Tech 540 randompHactor 16-Dec-16 04:19
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 471 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 17:06
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 658 Apap 13-Dec-16 20:07
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 486 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 06:39
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Table Object 550 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:09
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Table Object 580 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 21:02
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Table Object 447 Jon Ellison 18-Dec-16 22:44
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Table Object 460 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:49
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 535 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 20:58
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 524 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:54
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 527 sfbey 19-Dec-16 02:30
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Table 555 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:49
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 560 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 03:58
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 506 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:17
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 430 sfbey 19-Dec-16 04:24
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 495 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:32
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 438 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:36
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 523 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 07:59
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 622 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 18:24
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 613 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 20:17
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 528 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 21:30
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 488 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 21:46
A Serekh? 464 DScribr 19-Dec-16 21:54
Re: A Serekh? 396 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 22:08
Use of the 7 Oils? 430 DScribr 19-Dec-16 22:50
Re: Use of the 7 Oils? 558 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 23:33
Re: Use of the 7 Oils 440 DScribr 20-Dec-16 02:04
Re: Use of the 7 Oils 431 eyeofhorus33 20-Dec-16 07:30
Re: Use of the 7 Oils-Ref Materials 542 DScribr 02-Jan-17 18:48
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 479 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 22:35
Two Doors 499 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 496 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 23:12
Offering formula on Unas false door Dyn V 548 eyeofhorus33 19-Dec-16 23:52
Re: Palace Facade False Door Dynasty 4? 477 eyeofhorus33 20-Dec-16 00:01
Re: Palace Facade False Door Dynasty 4? 467 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 02:38
Re: Offering formula on Unas false door Dyn V 608 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 02:21
False doors, Menkaure inspects Work @ Giza..... 525 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:44
Re: False doors, Menkaure inspects Work @ Giza..... 518 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 05:13
Re: False doors, Menkaure inspects Work @ Giza..... 489 DScribr 02-Jan-17 18:51
Re: False doors, Menkaure inspects Work @ Giza..... 605 Thanos5150 02-Jan-17 20:36
Re: Offering formula on Unas false door Dyn V 589 eyeofhorus33 20-Dec-16 08:00
Re: Offering formula on Unas false door Dyn V 443 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 23:57
Re: Offering formula on Unas false door Dyn V 483 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:01
7 Oils. 599 DScribr 19-Dec-16 21:47
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 472 sfbey 19-Dec-16 04:18
Re: Saqqara Photo Reference- Curious Metal Object 500 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:31


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