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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:

(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:


Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 25 time(s). Last edit at 03-Mar-20 16:02 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 7200 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 1033 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 937 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 868 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 838 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 811 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 715 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 781 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 750 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 727 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 661 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 802 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 687 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 795 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 730 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 722 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 723 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 570 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 813 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 656 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 693 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 725 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 747 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 676 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 772 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 728 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 693 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 733 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 718 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 694 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 714 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 710 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 703 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 707 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 727 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 715 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 729 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 761 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 681 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 752 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 793 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 800 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 801 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 739 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 732 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 706 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 738 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 712 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 648 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 664 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 702 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 697 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 659 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 644 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 676 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 658 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 729 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 674 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 632 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 560 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 696 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 654 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 708 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 655 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 687 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 624 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 773 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 689 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 655 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 730 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 587 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 677 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 701 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 650 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 645 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 664 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 759 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 811 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 661 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 798 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 755 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 751 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 678 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 727 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 647 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 742 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 708 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 728 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 674 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 720 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 651 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 704 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 738 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 700 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 804 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 729 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 598 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 639 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 623 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 715 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 660 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 681 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 916 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 724 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 635 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 702 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 705 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 698 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 670 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 767 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 658 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 716 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 686 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 663 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 645 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 676 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 752 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 659 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 752 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 642 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 719 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 617 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 675 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 727 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 654 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 671 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 640 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 700 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 635 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 728 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 604 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 559 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 603 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 543 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 639 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 571 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 647 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 591 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 627 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 644 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 586 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 639 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 644 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 650 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 523 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 641 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 630 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 646 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 607 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 632 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 542 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 642 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 689 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 597 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 583 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 591 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 623 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 605 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 617 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 591 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 578 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 550 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 532 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 580 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 609 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 570 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 519 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 576 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 566 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 566 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 589 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 644 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 571 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 549 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 541 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 630 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 563 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 616 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 558 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 475 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 636 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 514 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 617 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 640 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 640 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 651 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 615 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 631 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 613 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 646 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 630 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 704 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 693 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 605 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 525 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 545 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 670 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 662 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 599 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 711 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 586 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 621 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 595 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 620 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 399 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 520 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 674 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 756 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 607 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 684 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 694 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 713 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 690 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 658 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 647 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 628 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 644 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 792 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 615 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 504 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 606 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 676 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 636 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 633 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 657 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 653 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 636 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 611 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 597 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 780 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 680 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 619 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 843 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 687 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 614 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 612 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 799 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 654 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 689 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 672 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 849 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 677 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 609 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 601 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 616 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 591 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 619 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 653 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 622 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 575 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 623 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 601 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 605 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 631 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 644 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 637 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 596 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 654 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 589 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 646 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 631 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 648 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 653 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 535 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 636 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 674 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 617 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 636 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 571 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 637 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 588 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 604 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 595 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 682 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 549 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 620 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 591 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 575 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 587 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 579 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 467 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 593 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 588 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 607 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 538 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 603 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 619 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 565 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 554 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 530 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 560 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 581 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 603 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 523 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 490 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 604 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 592 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 579 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 610 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 575 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 538 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 529 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 615 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 628 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 582 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 706 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 684 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 670 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 787 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 554 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 572 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 573 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 536 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 551 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 694 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 570 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 749 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 587 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 583 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 544 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 505 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 539 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 621 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 527 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 624 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 597 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 623 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 623 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 560 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 657 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 532 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 543 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 593 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 564 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 557 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 635 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 460 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 595 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 559 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 532 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 499 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 573 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 566 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 532 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 585 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 519 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 522 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 612 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 399 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 599 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 629 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 576 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 626 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 511 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 547 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 550 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 625 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 587 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 631 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 626 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 615 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 479 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 589 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 495 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 618 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 580 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 552 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 621 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 733 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 631 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 609 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 606 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 616 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 640 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 569 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 671 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 712 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 647 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 653 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 629 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 633 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 527 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 613 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 647 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 628 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 652 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 646 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 708 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 642 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 677 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 706 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 585 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 531 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 381 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 458 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 436 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 371 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 449 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 436 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 508 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 402 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 377 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 384 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 376 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 362 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 386 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 467 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 391 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 405 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 405 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 472 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 397 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 398 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 344 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 389 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 377 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 361 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 374 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 390 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 388 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 374 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 450 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 344 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 400 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 392 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 377 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 404 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 414 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 431 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 423 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 395 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 432 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 423 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 391 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 425 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 437 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 432 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 427 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 364 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 393 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 397 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 361 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 411 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 391 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 364 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 429 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 383 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 393 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 395 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 437 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 421 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 380 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 438 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 408 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 427 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 435 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 414 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 386 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 418 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 393 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 439 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 385 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 392 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 421 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 386 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 398 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 357 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 395 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 430 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 431 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 392 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 411 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 406 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 394 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 415 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 521 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 459 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 403 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 415 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 420 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 488 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 457 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 403 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 442 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 430 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 395 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 444 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 384 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 351 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 420 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 416 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 355 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 356 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 442 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 455 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 437 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 405 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 392 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 414 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 449 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 460 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 352 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 375 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 385 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 438 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 414 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 376 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 390 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 411 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 387 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 410 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 422 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 516 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 377 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 412 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 389 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 414 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 488 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 392 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 365 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 376 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 376 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 363 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 377 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 383 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 470 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 445 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 411 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 384 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 419 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 418 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 484 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 390 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 383 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 385 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 364 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 388 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 382 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 386 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 382 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 441 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 359 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 366 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 367 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 349 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 343 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 385 Dr. Troglodyte