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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:

(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:


Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 25 time(s). Last edit at 03-Mar-20 16:02 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 7844 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 1152 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 1043 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 972 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 939 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 948 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 842 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 881 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 854 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 850 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 777 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 907 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 792 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 900 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 828 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 830 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 818 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 681 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 926 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 754 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 795 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 832 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 848 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 780 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 881 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 837 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 792 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 846 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 822 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 790 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 814 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 809 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 816 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 811 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 825 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 826 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 834 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 869 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 797 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 862 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 899 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 910 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 906 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 841 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 839 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 805 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 869 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 829 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 742 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 774 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 813 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 802 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 764 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 743 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 782 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 757 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 832 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 786 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 740 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 675 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 799 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 771 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 802 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 760 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 785 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 746 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 880 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 835 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 750 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 832 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 689 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 798 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 813 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 741 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 747 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 763 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 928 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 923 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 771 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 906 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 869 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 854 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 798 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 837 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 741 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 866 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 816 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 858 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 790 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 830 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 750 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 808 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 850 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 819 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 917 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 828 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 729 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 741 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 719 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 828 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 773 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 794 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 1089 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 836 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 735 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 796 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 808 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 817 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 782 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 1106 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 764 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 822 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 800 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 777 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 754 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 786 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 869 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 793 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 854 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 761 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 830 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 723 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 763 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 825 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 750 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 775 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 745 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 805 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 739 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 818 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 699 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 668 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 710 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 633 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 763 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 673 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 786 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 690 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 739 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 757 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 689 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 740 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 772 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 754 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 614 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 753 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 741 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 763 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 708 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 756 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 653 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 766 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 796 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 696 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 690 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 699 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 738 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 706 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 727 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 701 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 685 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 653 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 640 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 803 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 701 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 681 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 620 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 682 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 678 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 670 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 691 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 753 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 666 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 671 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 651 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 730 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 664 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 708 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 662 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 567 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 736 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 607 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 748 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 745 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 810 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 753 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 715 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 734 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 711 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 745 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 772 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 819 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 879 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 704 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 619 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 653 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 841 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 787 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 702 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 832 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 673 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 726 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 745 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 730 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 494 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 634 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 764 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 848 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 702 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 818 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 798 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 834 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 788 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 758 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 762 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 729 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 746 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 899 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 709 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 600 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 698 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 778 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 727 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 736 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 759 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 804 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 775 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 717 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 706 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 946 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 802 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 712 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 1027 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 798 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 723 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 710 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 1005 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 765 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 789 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 765 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 1072 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 796 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 698 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 698 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 721 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 702 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 721 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 750 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 731 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 680 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 746 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 700 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 701 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 734 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 735 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 832 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 692 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 756 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 689 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 740 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 742 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 759 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 757 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 637 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 733 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 776 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 720 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 747 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 668 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 740 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 681 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 704 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 696 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 785 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 644 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 706 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 688 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 665 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 667 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 672 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 585 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 695 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 729 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 704 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 664 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 700 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 721 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 666 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 662 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 640 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 659 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 680 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 719 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 608 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 587 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 699 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 689 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 664 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 814 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 667 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 645 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 661 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 712 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 915 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 687 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 799 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 789 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 766 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 895 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 654 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 673 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 667 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 643 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 652 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 787 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 663 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 853 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 694 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 698 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 645 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 611 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 628 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 723 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 759 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 716 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 714 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 742 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 728 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 659 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 759 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 628 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 642 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 713 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 662 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 662 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 750 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 570 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 690 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 651 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 636 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 605 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 676 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 676 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 632 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 685 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 626 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 619 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 720 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 506 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 698 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 723 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 672 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 744 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 613 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 658 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 650 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 735 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 681 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 809 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 737 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 715 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 577 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 696 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 608 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 898 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 681 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 685 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 716 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 834 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 729 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 703 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 704 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 712 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 766 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 680 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 809 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 808 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 743 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 770 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 731 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 744 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 627 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 721 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 757 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 729 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 754 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 742 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 798 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 736 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 773 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 808 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 685 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 636 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 474 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 556 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 603 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 478 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 554 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 539 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 607 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 509 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 474 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 482 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 466 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 457 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 478 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 564 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 490 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 493 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 499 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 568 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 498 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 491 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 455 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 481 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 471 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 462 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 477 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 541 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 489 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 482 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 539 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 444 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 499 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 484 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 468 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 514 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 511 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 530 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 509 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 488 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 559 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 521 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 483 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 519 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 541 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 609 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 549 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 464 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 512 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 491 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 452 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 506 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 500 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 459 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 521 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 476 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 481 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 489 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 545 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 517 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 479 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 528 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 505 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 534 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 530 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 519 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 479 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 529 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 517 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 531 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 478 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 487 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 592 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 473 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 504 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 450 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 492 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 525 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 549 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 485 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 517 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 506 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 500 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 509 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 619 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 576 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 498 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 523 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 528 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 591 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 562 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 503 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 541 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 533 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 495 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 535 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 482 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 459 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 516 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 525 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 455 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 461 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 550 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 574 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 544 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 505 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 495 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 522 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 585 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 582 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 445 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 473 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 482 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 540 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 527 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 478 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 488 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 503 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 495 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 524 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 597 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 623 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 479 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 502 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 503 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 552 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 631 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 488 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 455 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 476 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 508 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 537 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 481 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 477 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 562 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 539 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 509 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 489 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 516 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 508 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 581 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 500 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 550 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 489 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 461 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 506 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 469 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 475 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 489 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 549 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 441 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 469 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 464 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 444 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 438 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 503 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58