> In the case of the aprw incorporating
> Khufu's name, they were greater than any single
> living human being. They consisted of teams of
> builders, whose different designations incorporated
> Khufu's own name (but we've been here before ...)
Understood; my question is how can we be so sure that "Khufu" specifically is referring to a single person, even when associated with the work crew? Why would it not be possible to consider the name in the cartouche to be referring to something other than a living human, such that the aprw refers to the work crew consigned by, e.g., the "Department of Defense" or "Ministry of Afterlife" to build that structure? I'm trying to understand how we know those names refer to humans and not other entities.
> "Fixation"? Such an odd word to use of a
> reference to a widely accepted fact.
I call it a "fixation" only because in every instance, a cartouche is invariably thought to contain the name of an individual human. The concern I have is that what is considered "accepted" fact doesn't always mean "proven" fact. We've see this discrepancy several times in these discussions, including evidence of old style massive construction ramps, the al Mamoun narrative, the notion that granite plugs were designed to be a security mechanism, or that the Relieving Chambers lessen pressure impinging down on the King's Chamber from above, to name a few. I believe the physical evidence allows logical alternatives to those traditional notions despite them having been considered accepted fact for many years. Considering the lingering uncertainties in hieroglyphic translation methods, perhaps there is still room for alternative explanations of certain "accepted" interpretations.
> And why "dynastics"? Another very odd word. Were
> you referring to the Old Kingdom? Why not say
> "Old Kingdom", or OK?
I use that term to refer to the entire dynastic period. I often do specifically distinguish the OK, especially when discussing the early monolithic pyramids.
How can any of us ever know, when all we can do is think?