> How they were supposed to accomplish the same task
> with water and no explosives is ridiculous, IMO.
> If I understand the process at all, they would
> start with the lowest point in 13 acres and
> excavate the acreage down to that point. Or, use
> back fill to bring the low points up to the
> highest point. But I don't think backfill will
> support a 480' structure.
You may be misunderstanding what I mean by "the use of water to level the site". I am actually referring to the use of water to determine the altitude of the stone so that they know what to cut off to achieve level. If you flood an area and then cut off everything that is exposed over the water and continue this until the water is gone then you'llend up with a "flat" surface where every point is equidistant from the center of the earth. Like an ocean the ground will wrap around the earth.
Apparently, this hasn't been proven yet, the entire base of the pyramid (G1) was above the current level of the pavement (where the pavement had been). In order to achieve the flatness that is in evidence they had to remove stone all the way around the structure. There was a low hill on the western side of the site that was apparently carved to accept the pyramid and some of the lower stones are actually part of this hill rather than being quarried. In oreder to remove stone to achieve the flatness exhibited in the pavement around the pyramid they apparently had to use water to determine the height of the stone. The entire site was then set with fine stone that was water tight and surrounded by a "coffer dam". This entire work was completed BEFORE the pyramid was begun as evidenced by the simple fact that the pyramid sits right on top of it. The cladding stones on the pyramid then presented a water tight seal on the inside of the pavement. There is a "valve" (ruins of a valve) discovered by Petrie north of the basalt pad. This valve removed water (and probably air) from the huge water catchment device to a spot on the cliff face that interesects with a large sturdy ramp leading due south to the Sphinx Quarry.
That the sites are leveled isn't in dispute but the means of leveling hasn't been sought yet. I am told that any curve in the pavement can't be determined because there are no points except in the centers but pictures clearly show the intersection of the first course with the pavement in many locations so I don't know what's going on. For some reason this hasn't been checked.
It should be noted that this same phenomenon exists on G2 (and probably all great pyramids). On the north side an area that large amounts of stone were removed to create this water collection device BEFORE any ramps were ever even built. People don't realize that removing ground to only fill it in weith ramping material is the height of idiocy and inefficiency. This alone just pulls rug out from under the ramp "theory".
They didn't have to use ramps and they didn't use ramps and these are not tombs. They are the "houses of life" as is evidenced by the actual cultural context. This same context specifically said that they weren't tombs because the king's tomb was in the sky and "pyramid" (mr) means "instrument of ascension". It does not mean "tomb".