> The quote I gave is from
> Richard Firestone a nuclear physicist, Allen West
> PhD and Warwick-Smith a geologist.
Fireston, West, Warwick-Smith
Richard Firestone, Allen West and Simon Warwick-Smith
Radiocarbon, or 14C is usually formed when a cosmic ray, traveling at at he nearly the speed of light, strikes a nitrogen atom (14N) in the atmosphere, transforming it into a radioactive form of carbon, called 14C. Scientists use the rate of radioactive decay of those atoms to estimate the age of old carbon-based objects such as charcoal, wood, seeds, and bones, which may be associated with harder-to-date items such as pottery and stone tools.
Although this technique is reliable in most cases, radiocarbon researchers have discovered a major flaw in the theory. At one time, scientists thought the radiocarbon in the atmosphere remained constant, but to their surprise, they discovered that radiocarbon levels varied considerably over thousands of years--a fact that makes radiocarbon dating substantially less reliable for those times when atmospheric radiocarbon changed dramatically.
At its worst, the effect is so dramatic that scientists refer to it as a “radiocarbon plateau,” or a reversal, meaning that the 14C dates are in reverse order, with younger dates seeming to predate older ones. During such a reversal, radiocarbon dates can be off by many thousands of years, as you can see from ……
For example, dates from the Paleo-Indian sites at Leavitt and Gainey, in Michigan, came from layers that scientists knew were 12,000 years old; and yet the radiocarbon date came back suggesting that, inexplicably, the long-vanished Ice Age Indians were still hunting extinct camels when the Egyptian pharaohs were building the Temple of Karnak 2,00 years ago.
Another 13,000-year-old site, at Thedford, Ontario, Canada, seemed to show that the long dead Indians miraculously came back to life and lived up until about the time of Jesus. In addition, the most astounding Clovis-era site of all was at Grant Lake in Nunavut Province in northern Canada, where the long gone Ice Age Paleo-Indians had apparently been hunting mammoths during the time of the Battle of Gettysburg in the U.S. Civil War!
The quoted text is from pgs. 10 and 12 from The Cycle of Cosmic Catastrophes: How a Stone-Age Comet Changed the Course of World Culture - Richard Firestone, Allen West, Simon Warwick-Smith; Inner Traditions / Bear & Co, 5 Jun 2006 - Body, Mind & Spirit - 416 pages.
The question of this cosmic impact is of course highly controversial.
> They are not
> fringe writers and it's funny you think they are.
Dr. Firestone's CV:
Dr. Richard Firestone was born in Los Angeles, CA and raised in Evanston, IL where
he attended Evanston Township High School. He received a B.S. Chemistry degree in
1967 from The University of Michigan and a PhD in Nuclear Chemistry from Michigan
State University in 1974. Dr. Firestone has been a staff scientist at the Lawrence
Berkeley National Laboratory and is currently group leader of the Isotopes Project. He
has published over 200 scientific papers on subjects ranging from nuclear physics and
chemistry to denitrification and extraterrestrial impact events. Dr. Firestone is author of
seven books including the Table of Radioactive Isotopes (John Wiley & Sons, 1986),
Table of Isotopes (John Wiley & Sons, 1995, 1998, 1999), Handbook of Prompt Gamma
Activation Analysis (Kluwer Publishers, 2004), and The Cycle of Cosmic Catastrophes
(Inner Traditions, 2006).
Information on Allen West:
(However, West's defenders argue that the California court case was a technical offence only, the result of genuine confusion on his part).Quote
Allen West, an unknown academic from the mining industry who lives in Dewey, Ariz. ... isn’t exactly who he says he is.
West is Allen Whitt — who, in 2002, was fined by California and convicted for masquerading as a state-licensed geologist when he charged small-town officials fat fees for water studies. After completing probation in 2003 in San Bernardino County, he began work on the comet theory, legally adopting his new name in 2006 as he promoted it in a popular book. Only when questioned by this reporter last year did his co-authors learn his original identity and legal history. Since then, they have not disclosed it to the scientific community.
Simon Warwick-Smith was apparently at one time a geologist, but now describes himself as a publishing consultant.