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Hi DScribr,

Thanks for the radiocarbon link.

I went through that thesis. I'm not sure that its contents are precise enough to definitively date Puma Punku. Excerpts include :

"Because of the changing amount of 14C isotope in the atmosphere, results obtained in laboratories should be converted from radiocarbon years into calendar ages. This transformation called calibration is unfortunately not a one-to-one transformation.

This collection consists of more than 130 dates.

More than one in every five dates gathered here, however, do not mention when they were produced. It was assumed, that the six `not-fully-described' dates from Chile were probably produced in 1960s or 1970s (according to date of publication by Berenguer 1978).

The set of Tiwanaku radiocarbon dates gathered here is certainly not complete nor is it statistically very large, therefore it is difficult to treat the results presented here as precise answers to above mentioned aims.

98 dates form the set from the Titicaca lake basin. Cultural/stylistic contexts of samples were determined from original publications as Tiwanaku I, II, III, IV, V, Early, Classic, Late Formative 1 or 2, or the dates were related to construction phases of supposed state / ritual architecture. There are 62 dates from samples collected from the Tiwanaku site: 14 from Kalasasaya, 13 from Akapana, 5 from the area "between Akapana and Putuni", 4 from Kantatayita (ZiĆ³lkowski et al. 1994), 12 from Akapana East sector, 7 from Putuni, 1 from Kheri Kala, and 1 from Puma Punku (A.Vranich, 1999).

Although newer dates produced in the 1980s and 1990s (mainly from the Wila Jawira Project) represent almost half of collection, they come only from sites in the Moquegua valley and Titicaca basin. The cultural context of all gathered dates is often not described according to Tiwanaku I-V phases. Furthermore, in most cases, sample materials were charcoal, but often references lack any information about sample material."

With only one sample being from Puma Punku and stone being undatable, do you have any more reliable data to accurately date the site of Puma Punku?

lover

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 5549 loveritas 29-Oct-15 05:46
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 1151 Thunderbird 29-Oct-15 08:25
Beneath the Waves 899 loveritas 29-Oct-15 21:51
Re: Beneath the Waves 856 thirdpal 29-Oct-15 23:33
Re: Beneath the Waves 733 loveritas 29-Oct-15 23:46
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 996 Thanos5150 29-Oct-15 16:14
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 773 loveritas 29-Oct-15 20:22
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 857 Corpuscles 30-Oct-15 05:47
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 1012 Thanos5150 30-Oct-15 19:22
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 780 Corpuscles 30-Oct-15 21:31
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 929 Thanos5150 30-Oct-15 23:21
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 904 DScribr 29-Oct-15 20:16
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 699 molder 29-Oct-15 21:48
Re: Puma Punku Recommended Reading 794 DScribr 31-Oct-15 20:15
Re: Puma Punku Recommended Reading 867 Thanos5150 31-Oct-15 20:54
Re: Puma Punku Recommended Reading 792 DScribr 02-Nov-15 17:32
Re: Puma Punku Recommended Reading 817 loveritas 31-Oct-15 22:29
Re: Puma Punku Recommended Reading AND FYI 747 DScribr 02-Nov-15 17:39
Re: Puma Punku Recommended Reading AND FYI 672 Origyptian 02-Nov-15 19:24
Radio Carbon Dating of PP- Lake Titicaca levels-Now up to Ori to provide PROOF of the source material he quoted... 596 DScribr 03-Nov-15 19:41
Re: Radio Carbon Dating of PP-Info on Lake Titicaca levels 722 Origyptian 03-Nov-15 23:28
Re-interpretation by Ori IS unacceptable. 657 DScribr 05-Nov-15 00:03
Re: Re-interpretation by Ori IS unacceptable. 704 Audrey 05-Nov-15 00:42
Re: Re-interpretation by Ori IS unacceptable. 724 DScribr 05-Nov-15 17:23
Re: Re-interpretation by Ori IS unacceptable. 729 Jon Ellison 05-Nov-15 17:36
Re: Re-interpretation by Ori IS unacceptable. 698 DScribr 05-Nov-15 17:49
Re: Re-interpretation by Ori IS unacceptable. 658 Origyptian 05-Nov-15 03:13
More Ori O.Ls. 795 DScribr 05-Nov-15 17:42
Re: More Ori O.Ls. 654 Origyptian 05-Nov-15 19:19
Re: More DScribr DLusion and DFlection 627 Origyptian 05-Nov-15 20:02
Re: More Ori nitpicking 722 DScribr 12-Nov-15 18:10
Re: More Ori nitpicking 877 Origyptian 12-Nov-15 18:47
Re: More Ori nitpicking 652 Harte 01-Jan-16 21:30
Re: More Ori nitpicking 803 Origyptian 01-Jan-16 21:40
Re: More Ori nitpicking 674 Jon Ellison 02-Jan-16 14:06
Re: More Ori nitpicking 703 Origyptian 02-Jan-16 16:58
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 904 Thanos5150 30-Oct-15 03:11
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 583 loveritas 30-Oct-15 04:18
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 907 Thanos5150 30-Oct-15 05:26
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 697 Corpuscles 30-Oct-15 06:13
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 788 Thanos5150 30-Oct-15 16:31
Puma Punku Pounders? 728 loveritas 01-Nov-15 06:09
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 696 loveritas 30-Oct-15 06:35
Re: Adoption theory....global trade/migrations 758 Thunderbird 30-Oct-15 18:05
Re:Zodiac ages...before dyn Egypt 849 Thunderbird 30-Oct-15 03:18
Re: Re:Zodiac ages...before dyn Egypt 756 loveritas 30-Oct-15 04:43
Hot Metal 646 loveritas 01-Nov-15 05:51
Re: Hot Metal 713 DScribr 02-Nov-15 17:45
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 1023 Corpuscles 30-Oct-15 06:20
Strange Artifact 863 loveritas 30-Oct-15 11:43
Re: Strange Artifact 808 Jon Ellison 30-Oct-15 12:11
Re: Strange Artifact 690 loveritas 31-Oct-15 20:46
Re: Strange Artifact 741 loveritas 02-Nov-15 06:30
Re: Strange Artifact 715 DScribr 02-Nov-15 17:47
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 1143 cladking 30-Oct-15 18:16
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 800 cladking 30-Oct-15 18:42
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 695 Thanos5150 30-Oct-15 19:44
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 767 cladking 30-Oct-15 20:40
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 789 Thanos5150 02-Nov-15 07:36
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 857 Origyptian 02-Nov-15 04:01
Same Symbol 758 loveritas 02-Nov-15 05:41
Re: Same Symbol 722 Origyptian 02-Nov-15 15:15
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 828 Audrey 02-Nov-15 07:00
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 783 Thanos5150 02-Nov-15 07:30
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 684 Origyptian 02-Nov-15 15:36
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 730 Thanos5150 02-Nov-15 16:54
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 658 Origyptian 02-Nov-15 18:32
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 657 Thanos5150 02-Nov-15 17:12
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 628 Origyptian 02-Nov-15 18:55
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 672 Thanos5150 02-Nov-15 20:49
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 635 Origyptian 02-Nov-15 22:46
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 703 Thanos5150 03-Nov-15 00:28
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 634 Origyptian 03-Nov-15 05:12
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 774 Audrey 03-Nov-15 05:43
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 741 Thanos5150 02-Nov-15 07:21
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 727 Origyptian 02-Nov-15 15:07
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 653 Thanos5150 02-Nov-15 16:46
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 714 Origyptian 02-Nov-15 18:39
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 656 Thanos5150 02-Nov-15 19:18
Nilometer 739 loveritas 30-Oct-15 20:28
Re: Nilometer 762 cladking 30-Oct-15 20:36
Re: Tennyson....Malory/Arthur...Lady of the Lake 737 Thunderbird 31-Oct-15 00:26
Re: Tennyson....Malory/Arthur...Lady of the Lake 619 Corpuscles 31-Oct-15 01:53
Re: Tennyson....Malory/Arthur...Lady of the Lake 654 Audrey 31-Oct-15 02:43
Upset...ice sheet melt/runaway waters 652 Thunderbird 31-Oct-15 03:13
Re: Tennyson....Malory/Arthur...Lady of the Lake 689 Corpuscles 31-Oct-15 03:25
Visions of the Daughters of Albion 680 loveritas 31-Oct-15 04:43
Re: Constellations and pole stars 738 Thunderbird 31-Oct-15 21:03
From Ocean to Desert 753 loveritas 31-Oct-15 22:28
Re: From Ocean to Desert with seashells 755 DScribr 02-Nov-15 18:18
Re: From Ocean to Desert 743 Origyptian 02-Nov-15 19:31
Re: From Ocean to Desert to Lionfish 659 DScribr 03-Nov-15 20:01
Re: From Ocean to Desert 838 Thanos5150 02-Nov-15 21:12
Re: Burried and destroyed 612 Thunderbird 02-Nov-15 21:16
Which Came First 725 loveritas 02-Nov-15 22:44
Re: Dressed stone /megalith 695 Thunderbird 03-Nov-15 05:50
Re: Dressed stone /megalith 700 DScribr 03-Nov-15 20:12
Re: Burried and destroyed 700 Thanos5150 03-Nov-15 06:04
Re: Buried and destroyed-What REALLY happened. 709 DScribr 03-Nov-15 20:07
How Old Is Puma Punku? 707 loveritas 03-Nov-15 23:26
Re: How Old Is Puma Punku? 643 DScribr 04-Nov-15 23:50
Re: How Old Is Puma Punku? 668 Origyptian 05-Nov-15 03:26
Re: How Old Is Puma Punku? 612 DScribr 05-Nov-15 17:54
Re: How Old Is Puma Punku? 757 Origyptian 05-Nov-15 19:21
Re: How Old Is Puma Punku? 728 Origyptian 07-Nov-15 14:38
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 618 Brian Patterson 31-Oct-15 22:36
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 716 Sirfiroth 02-Nov-15 22:10
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 782 cladking 03-Nov-15 15:32
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 813 Thanos5150 03-Nov-15 16:59
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 627 cladking 04-Nov-15 01:30
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 664 Thanos5150 04-Nov-15 02:33
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 515 cladking 04-Nov-15 04:37
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 772 Thanos5150 04-Nov-15 06:24
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 771 cladking 04-Nov-15 14:40
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 723 Jon Ellison 04-Nov-15 13:57
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 730 Origyptian 04-Nov-15 14:50
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 545 cladking 04-Nov-15 15:14
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 692 Jon Ellison 04-Nov-15 15:33
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 657 cladking 04-Nov-15 15:49
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 723 Jon Ellison 04-Nov-15 15:55
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 686 cladking 04-Nov-15 19:22
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 767 Thanos5150 04-Nov-15 17:23
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 637 cladking 04-Nov-15 18:52
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 663 Origyptian 04-Nov-15 19:25
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 648 cladking 04-Nov-15 19:52
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 652 Luminescence 04-Nov-15 20:03
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 737 Origyptian 04-Nov-15 20:29
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 672 cladking 04-Nov-15 23:06
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 672 Origyptian 05-Nov-15 02:34
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 590 Thanos5150 04-Nov-15 22:16
Great post 757 Ratcho 03-Nov-15 06:45
Beyond 40 posts: schools of red herrings 693 drrayeye 04-Nov-15 21:10
Re: Beyond 40 posts: schools of red herrings 729 Origyptian 04-Nov-15 21:25
schools of red herrings 633 DScribr 05-Nov-15 00:18
Re: Beyond 40 posts: schools of red herrings 700 Audrey 05-Nov-15 00:39
Re: Perspectives and comparrison 770 Thunderbird 14-Nov-15 07:54
Re: Perspectives and comparrison 649 Audrey 14-Nov-15 23:38
Re: Geopolymer - Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 882 Thunderbird 15-Nov-15 15:22
Re: Geopolymer - Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 888 loveritas 15-Nov-15 22:35
Re: The Legacy writ in stone 875 Thunderbird 15-Nov-15 23:59
A quick guide to Ages and constellations 1050 Edmond 13-Dec-15 13:39
A quick guide to culture 741 Edmond 14-Dec-15 20:50
A quick question on pyramid dating 693 Edmond 15-Dec-15 15:03
Re: Geopolymer - Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 697 Origyptian 16-Nov-15 01:53
No Poster Child Of Mine 711 loveritas 16-Nov-15 04:34
Re: No Poster Child Of Mine 669 Origyptian 16-Nov-15 17:37
No Poster Child Of Mine : Dismissed 713 loveritas 16-Nov-15 20:08
Re: No Poster Child Of Mine : Dismissed 739 Origyptian 16-Nov-15 20:23
Re: No Poster Child Of Mine : Dismissed 767 loveritas 16-Nov-15 20:37
Re: No Poster Child Of Mine : Dismissed 772 Jon Ellison 16-Nov-15 21:59
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 734 Mike D 17-Nov-15 17:29
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 594 Brian Patterson 15-Dec-15 16:08
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 621 Origyptian 15-Dec-15 17:05
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 779 Brian Patterson 15-Dec-15 17:38
Re: The land which Ingots Come 732 Thunderbird 29-Dec-15 04:01
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 644 Brian Patterson 02-Jan-16 17:35
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 530 Origyptian 02-Jan-16 17:59
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 658 Jon Ellison 02-Jan-16 18:26
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 526 Origyptian 02-Jan-16 18:46
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 661 Brian Patterson 02-Jan-16 19:31
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 669 Brian Patterson 02-Jan-16 18:48
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 528 Origyptian 02-Jan-16 19:29
Re: Puma Punku to Elephantine Island 618 Origyptian 03-Jan-16 00:34
Was Tiwanaku In Bolivia An Industrial Complex 12,000 Plus Years Ago? 781 laughin 07-Jan-16 16:33
Re: Was Tiwanaku In Bolivia An Industrial Complex 12,000 Plus Years Ago? 833 Thunderbird 07-Jan-16 20:56
Re: Was Tiwanaku In Bolivia An Industrial Complex 12,000 Plus Years Ago? 675 Origyptian 07-Jan-16 21:26
Re: Was Tiwanaku In Bolivia An Industrial Complex 12,000 Plus Years Ago? 769 laughin 07-Jan-16 22:14
Re: Was Tiwanaku In Bolivia An Industrial Complex 12,000 Plus Years Ago? 709 Origyptian 07-Jan-16 22:27
Re: Was Tiwanaku In Bolivia An Industrial Complex 12,000 Plus Years Ago? 547 laughin 08-Jan-16 16:23
Re: Was Tiwanaku In Bolivia An Industrial Complex 12,000 Plus Years Ago? 683 Origyptian 08-Jan-16 16:35
Re: Was Tiwanaku In Bolivia An Industrial Complex 12,000 Plus Years Ago? 819 Thunderbird 07-Jan-16 22:46
Re: Was Tiwanaku In Bolivia An Industrial Complex 12,000 Plus Years Ago? 725 laughin 08-Jan-16 16:39
Re: Stellar cartography/Theurgic world sites 778 Thunderbird 09-Jan-16 22:08
Re: Fractal Antenna desert China 784 Thunderbird 11-Jan-16 16:16
Re: Nazca and other world sites which have Fractal Antenna patterns 868 Thunderbird 12-Jan-16 01:30


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