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4th Dynasty depiction of the serekh building:


I've been researching lately in more detail Hassan's prolific excavations at Giza looking at plates from dozens of tombs, namely from the 4th-6th Dynasties, in which the serekh building was a ubiquitous presence in one form or another in a majority of the tombs. False doors aside, a staple of all tombs of the period and ultimately part of the serekh building regardless, but many complete representations of the serekh building, some in fantastic detail, found on various medium from sarcophagi, to door headers, to paintings on walls.

I would confidently state as fact at this point that by leaps and bounds there is no single greater Old Kingdom representation of any iconography more so than the serekh building. What its connection to the afterlife I have yet to figure out just yet, but no doubt about it this building was far and away the most important component of their belief system. Not the pyramids. Not the Sphinx. With the exception of Anubis perhaps, not any of the gods. No-the serekh building.

The fact it is so commonly depicted on their sarcophagi it stands to reason this building was a place they wished their remains to be housed in the afterlife. Which is curious because given the effort spent to build these elaborate mastabas, with the exception of the false door, they could have easily made the exteriors look like this building but they did not.

Again, the rub-with the exception of the mastabas of Khentkawes and Kai at Giza, argued by myself and others to be older than the 4th Dynasty anyways, the DE of the OK did not use palace facade style architecture which fell out of use in the 3rd Dynasty, and apparently the first few pharaohs at that. What this tells me is that it is not the palace facade style that the OK DE were enamored with, but obviously the serekh building itself. A specific building that for some reason was the most important part of their belief system in the afterlife which seems to specifically revolve around the past with the serekh building as its symbol. As we recall, the serekh building 1st appears associated with kingship/rule in Dynasty 0 and in Dynasty 1 no doubt it becomes the very symbol of kingship itself. While the serkeh was still in use by pharaohs in the OK despite its common replacement with the cartouche, in the OK the serekh building seems to have developed another meaning altogether-one that appears separate from kingship.

Lets mull this over. The serkeh building is supposedly the symbol of kingship-or more importantly it is something the king unwaveringly associated himself with. But this was not the pharaoh's tomb. Yet in the 1st Dynasty at Saqqara and elsewhere we find the great palace facade mastabas in which not a one has been identified to be the tomb of a pharaoh, but instead belong to their officials and family members, namely wives. Not to mention that they are far grander than any tomb attributed to the pharaohs. So at this point, in the 1st Dynasty, we see a great reverence for this building so much so massive mastabas are made to emulate it it, but not for the king, and it is here it is clearly associated with the afterlife. But again, not for the king. 2nd Dynasty comes along, and though a bit murky, no palace facade mastabas for kings or anyone else, but a few 2nd Dynasty pharaohs, most notably the last pharaoh Khasekhemwy, refurbish existing palace facade buildings like Shunet El-Zebib. The 3rd Dynasty Djoser builds Saqqara with walls in the palace facade style, but not actual buildings. In the interior of the pyramid we see the false door, but otherwise he is not into the serekh building despite the fact he still uses the serkeh and shows this building in great detail on his stela. And not only is he not into it, but neither are his subjects. Not a big deal to them. His predecessor starts to build the same, but does not finish and palace facade architecture ends.

Along comes Sneferu, 1st pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty, and other than a few mastabas at Meidum, which I argue are actually older, no palace facade and other than false doors the tomb builders have no interest in it either. Same with burials dated to Khufu's reign. I am still researching this which is going to take me a while, but it seems to me at this point that the infatuation with the palace facade serekh building does not occur until after the ned of Khufu's reign or perhaps even sometime after his death. My sense is that it happened during the reign of Djedefre which if so is supremely interesting to me as I have noted that it is with Djedefre that we also see a revival of the early dynastic practice of boat burials. Not to stray to far but there is a reason Djedefre went to Abu Roash and not Giza and it is very interesting Abu Roash has a long history going back the the 1st Dynasty. Also interesting is that when I calculated the radio carbon date averages that Abu Roash on average was older than the Giza pyrmaids at around 2800BC.

Anyhoo, one thing is for certain it seems is that this infatuation with the serekh palace facade building took full bloom sometime in the middle 4th Dynasty and became the dominant funerary iconography of the OK thereafter. A serekh building "craze" as it were which for reasons as yet unknown nothing could be more important to their beliefs in the afterlife. My working hypothesis at this point is that it had something to do with Djedefre and what he found at Abu Roash.

No edits tonight. Time for bed.



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 20-Mar-19 16:48 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 7994 Thanos5150 01-Aug-15 02:50
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 1022 Notinham 01-Aug-15 14:23
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 1171 Graham Chase 02-Aug-15 19:59
Re: Ubaid onward 1066 Thunderbird 01-Aug-15 20:40
Re: Ubaid onward 1220 Thanos5150 02-Aug-15 04:37
Re: Ubaid onward 1131 Notinham 02-Aug-15 17:31
Re: Ubaid onward 1187 Thanos5150 02-Aug-15 18:18
Re: Ubaid onward 927 Notinham 02-Aug-15 19:15
Re: Vinca/Copper/Caucuses 946 Thunderbird 02-Aug-15 20:06
Re: Vinca/Copper/Caucuses 1007 Thanos5150 03-Aug-15 16:12
Re: Vinca/Copper/Caucuses 1016 Thunderbird 03-Aug-15 19:51
Re: Vinca/Copper/Caucuses 1084 Thanos5150 03-Aug-15 22:14
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 765 Manu 19-Nov-16 17:53
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 873 Thanos5150 19-Nov-16 18:35
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 940 Thanos5150 20-Nov-16 05:55
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 944 Manu 20-Nov-16 07:45
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 941 Thanos5150 20-Nov-16 22:27
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 833 Manu 21-Nov-16 00:06
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 915 Thanos5150 21-Nov-16 02:28
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 1072 Manu 21-Nov-16 06:18
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 1233 Thanos5150 22-Nov-16 18:49
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 863 Manu 22-Nov-16 19:07
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 720 Thanos5150 23-Nov-16 22:59
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 835 Manu 22-Nov-16 19:28
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 855 DScribr 23-Nov-16 02:24
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 760 Manu 22-Nov-16 19:40
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 770 Thanos5150 22-Nov-16 21:21
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 827 Manu 22-Nov-16 22:49
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 995 Thanos5150 23-Nov-16 02:31
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 826 Manu 23-Nov-16 04:25
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 919 Thanos5150 24-Nov-16 20:01
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 937 Warwick 24-Nov-16 20:18
Mesopotamia link to Optics 404 engbren 15-May-19 15:01
Re: Mesopotamia link to Optics 390 Thanos5150 15-May-19 19:40
Re: Mesopotamia link to Optics 387 engbren 16-May-19 07:52
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 754 DScribr 23-Nov-16 02:17
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 928 Thanos5150 23-Nov-16 03:49
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 786 DScribr 23-Nov-16 14:52
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 787 DScribr 23-Nov-16 02:11
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 814 DScribr 23-Nov-16 02:04
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 843 Thanos5150 23-Nov-16 04:29
Re: Mesopotamian Origins of Writing 726 DScribr 23-Nov-16 15:08
Re: Mesopotamian Origins of Writing 882 Thanos5150 24-Nov-16 05:32
Re: Mesopotamian Origins of Writing 950 Thanos5150 25-Nov-16 06:12
Re: Mesopotamian Origins of Writing 814 DScribr 25-Nov-16 17:40
Re: Mesopotamian Origins of Writing 676 DScribr 25-Nov-16 17:34
Re: Mesopotamian Origins of Writing 814 Thanos5150 25-Nov-16 21:17
The Ankh 742 DScribr 26-Nov-16 16:16
Re: The Ankh 1018 Thanos5150 26-Nov-16 18:15
Re: The Ankh 820 DScribr 26-Nov-16 18:42
Re: Mesopotamian Origins of Writing 754 SandyJesse 14-Dec-16 00:24
Re: Mesopotamian Origins of Writing 948 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 18:16
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 658 Thanos5150 20-Mar-19 06:30
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 391 engbren 20-Mar-19 08:53
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 431 Corpuscles 20-Mar-19 11:55
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 405 Thanos5150 22-Mar-19 03:22
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 411 jamesglory 22-Mar-19 03:47
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 584 Thanos5150 22-Mar-19 05:27
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 441 jamesglory 25-Mar-19 01:34
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 406 eyeofhorus33 25-Mar-19 18:00
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 418 eyeofhorus33 25-Mar-19 18:16
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 389 Dr. Troglodyte 25-Mar-19 20:18
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 428 Thanos5150 25-Mar-19 20:35
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 461 Thanos5150 26-Mar-19 01:58
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 236 Thanos5150 21-Feb-20 16:12
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 254 waggy 21-Feb-20 18:43
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 247 Manu 21-Feb-20 19:29
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 255 waggy 21-Feb-20 21:16
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 298 Thanos5150 22-Feb-20 02:58
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 167 Thanos5150 10-Nov-20 23:40
Re: Mesopotamian Origin of the Egyptian Serekh Palace Facade Building 100 Tony S. 25-Mar-21 16:24


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