> Thanos, you need to read up no this...the
> You didn't catch my drift Re the Uruk gene. Your
> theory predicts an elite from Uruk ruling in Lower
> (or Upper Egypt).
No Manu. Apparently you are not catching my drift as you do not appear to read or understand what is said. The only one insisting they came from Uruk is you which you keep imposing on me no matter how many times I tell you in no uncertain terms this is not what I am saying.
> Palace facades don't prove that,
> only suggest it.
No shit and this is not all what is being said either. Again, you do not seem to understand, despite being told before, that palace facade is not exclusive to Uruk and is part and parcel of Mesopotamia architecture first utilized by the Ubaid long before the arrival of the Sumerians. Also, as said before, palace facade is a but part of the noted Mesopotamian cultural influence.
> However, if a D II ruler shows
> the J2 haplotype, that is powerful evidence that
> an Uruki descendant made into the royal lineage.
J2 is found everywhere in the Near East, Levant, and parts of Europe and is not an exclusive to Uruk which is the point I am making to you. To repeat myself:
The point I am making is that the genetics may not say "Uruk" regardless of whether or not they were actually from Uruk. Uruk cultural influence spread over a wide geographical area, most notably Susa in Elam. Though distinct in some ways it otherwise borrowed heavily from Uruk culture none more so that the period during the 4th millennium. This is why though AE Uruk influence is clear, it too is different in subtle ways which I why I leave it in general as "Mesopotamian". Uruk? Elam? Elsewhere? We can't say for sure at this point.
> Anyways, this isn't rocket science. You'll
> probably hear about this sort of thing in the next
> few years. For example, some of these haplotypes
> did make into Iran, but for example there is zero
> cultural overlap between Sumer and Shahreh-Sookhte
> which was contemporary with Uruk and just as close
> as Egypt.
Shahr-i Sokhta, the "Burnt City", is an interesting place as is the eastern Iranian culture in general, but while Shahr-i Sokhta was founded c. 3200BC it's main archaeological phase dates to the mid 3rd millenniums and ends abruptly c. 2000BC. Uruk was founded c 5000BC and continually occupied for nearly the next 5,000yrs, so "contemporary" is a relative term.
> Yet no evidence of any material cultural
> overlap or contact.
Bags of goods and storerooms were often "locked" with stamp seals, a procedure common in Mesopotamia in the era....
Shahr-i-Sokhta boomed as the demand for precious goods among elites in the region and elsewhere grew. Though situated in inhospitable terrain, the city was close to tin, copper, and turquoise mines, and lay on the route bringing lapis lazuli from Afghanistan to the west. Craftsmen worked shells from the Persian Gulf, carnelian from India, and local metals such as tin and copper. Some they made into finished products, and others were exported in unfinished form. Lapis blocks brought from the Hindu Kush mountains, for example, were cut into smaller chunks and sent on to Mesopotamia and as far west as Syria. Unworked blocks of lapis weighing more than 100 pounds in total were unearthed in the ruined palace of Ebla, close to the Mediterranean Sea. Archaeologist Massimo Vidale of the University of Padua says that the elites in eastern Iranian cities like Shahr-i-Sokhta were not simply slaves to Mesopotamian markets. They apparently kept the best-quality lapis for themselves, and sent west what they did not want. Lapis beads found in the royal tombs of Ur, for example, are intricately carved, but of generally low-quality stone compared to those of Shahr-i-Sokhta.
The destruction of the Mesopotamian city of Ur around 2000 B.C. and the later decline of Indus metropolises such as Mohenjo-Daro might have spelled doom for a trading people. The market for precious goods such as lapis collapsed. There is no clear evidence of widespread warfare, though Shahr-i-Sokhta appears to have been destroyed by fire several times. But a combination of drought, changes in trade routes, and economic trouble might have led people to abandon their cities to return to a simpler existence of herding and small-scale farming.
The World in Between.
"As well known, in Grave 731 [Shahr-i-Sokhta], among many others objects, a chessboard typologically identical to the chessboards from the Ur [Mesopotamia] graves dated to the ED IIIa was found."
Shahr-i Sokhta Revised Sequence
Further recommended reading:
Shahr-i Sokhita and the Chronology of the Indo-Iranian Regions
Jiroft culture, Iran c. 3,000BC:
> Administrative state...your definition still makes
> no sense. It ok. I made the point, no need to
If you do not understand what I am saying at this point the fault is yours. So, I agree, no need to "rehash" i.e. me repeat myself yet again. You are the one hung up on this state sponsored takeover which you are trying to impose on me which I have never suggested if only the opposite.
I think we are done here.
Edited 4 time(s). Last edit at 25-Nov-16 00:55 by Thanos5150.