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For the discussion of general and orthodox history from the advent of writing up to mid 20th Century, i.e. 3,200BC up to World War II. 
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3 days ago
AndyBlackard
thirdpal Wrote: ------------------------------------------------------- > Maybe they were from a sunken continent between > North America and Europe? No. X arose from haplogroup N which came from the near east. )
Forum: Mysteries
7 days ago
AndyBlackard
The European and middle-eastern branch of X belongs to X1. The Native American branch is X2a. The related lineage X2 is found in central Asia in the Altai Mountains. Neandertals were also present in the Altai which may correlate with the higher proportion of neandertal sequences found in Native Americans. In fact, all 5 Native American mtDNA groups are found in the Altai. The Altai appears to
Forum: Mysteries
3 months ago
AndyBlackard
Barbelo Wrote: ------------------------------------------------------- > I don't reommend anything to the President of the > USA. > > Your spelling is deplorable. "reommend"?
Forum: Global Village
3 months ago
AndyBlackard
Are you making fun of the mass shooting in El Paso?
Forum: Global Village
3 months ago
AndyBlackard
Oriental Institute, Eric Cline - 1177 BC, The Year Civilization Collapsed
Forum: Mysteries
3 months ago
AndyBlackard
Fascinating. Thanks!
Forum: Mysteries
3 months ago
AndyBlackard
There is a long list of proposed causes including: earthquakes, famine, introduction of iron age bladed weapons, new chariot designs, rise of a social class of mercenaries, class warfare, overturn of the city-state social model, pirates, Sea Peoples, and even World War 0. The rise of the mercenary class is particularly interesting to me as the "Hibaru" are numbered among them and the
Forum: Mysteries
3 months ago
AndyBlackard
Hi Susan. If I recall correctly, the Greeks adapting the Phoenician alphabet to record Homer's Iliad was considered the rebirth of Greek literacy in the 8th century.
Forum: Mysteries
3 months ago
AndyBlackard
Mine is "What caused the bronze age collapse?" Western civilization almost completely disintegrated around 1200bc, some say 1177bc. The Greeks actually forgot how to write and it was 4 centuries before they became literate again. The high cultures of the Minoans, Hittites, Mycenaeans, Trojans, Cypriats, Ugarites, Amorites disappeared. And even Egypt was knocked to its knees. Th
Forum: Mysteries
3 months ago
AndyBlackard
Thanks for posting this, Joseph. I did some internet searches and, from what I found, the only evidence supporting the idea that the B2 mitochondrial DNA, referenced in this case, did not come from Beringia is its complete absence from Alaska and western Canada. However, the parent lineage of B2 was found throughout east Asia with no geographic specificity. As you said, the press release c
Forum: Mysteries
4 months ago
AndyBlackard
I said: > paper once about two ancient South American > villages only about 2km apart and all the graves > in each village were a single mtDNA type and > different from the other village. I need to do > some more reading this. Its hard to buy. This > would require some sort of pervasive cultural > apartheid. On second thought, maybe this could result from extreme
Forum: Mysteries
4 months ago
AndyBlackard
I am very busy right now, but I think you are onto something, Thanos. One recent study of South American Native Americans claims that 10,000 years was not sufficient time for the two skull shapes to develop from the same source population, which is suggested by DNA evidence. There are some new studies in the last few years that I had not seen. The prevailing hypothesis on Native American orig
Forum: Mysteries
4 months ago
AndyBlackard
Actually, they continued their journey into the Americas, and THEN their skull shapes changed apparently. Very unsatisfying, I understand. Elongated skulls and a mythical underwater Mayan cave
Forum: Mysteries
4 months ago
AndyBlackard
It seems like you are posing a riddle. aswan = sanskrit for horse? samudra = sanskrit for body of water? hippopotamus = greek for "water horse" "water horse" = samudra + aswan ?
Forum: Mysteries
4 months ago
AndyBlackard
Aine Wrote: ------------------------------------------------------- > Look what Zika does. > > Besides environmental factors and pathogens, I > wonder if the size of the mother's birth canal > relative to fetal head circumference has anything > to do with it. Sounds like a good hypothesis. General nutrition, environmental factors or pathogens could influence the moth
Forum: Mysteries
4 months ago
AndyBlackard
Do you think it is outside the range of variability of modern hss? Australian Aboriginal
Forum: Mysteries
4 months ago
AndyBlackard
I know this isn't about your OP but DNA analysis in the last decade has shown that certain dolichocephalic paleoindian fossils belong to the same DNA groups as current Native Americans who are now extremely brachiocephalic. link This supports the idea that skull shape has nothing to do with genetic lineage. A study of isolated English villages also supports this idea. There is no working
Forum: Mysteries
4 months ago
AndyBlackard

Forum: Mysteries
4 months ago
AndyBlackard
Wow, you bring up a loaded topic. I may have a foot in both camps, but not completely in either. I have a chemistry degree but now work in medical IT and so I am trained to use that type of logic and problem solving. But I often find myself irate with mainstream "skeptics" because I think they misuse logic towards their own ends. But then again I also get frustrated with people at the
Forum: Mysteries
4 months ago
AndyBlackard
Yes, combined with this 2017 discovery it is clear that hss dispersed much earlier than thought previously, possibly as soon as they arose in southern Africa. +300k old skull found in Morocco This 2018 discovery pushes the first modern human diaspora back much further then the previous 100kya estimate. 177-194k year old hss fossil in Israel And this DNA evidence suggest the hss lineag
Forum: Mysteries
4 months ago
AndyBlackard
The Natufian culture was known to plaster skulls like seen in Jericho Man. The following is a personal theory of mine based on research that I'm doing on my own. My theory is that the Natufian culture migrated from Israel/Jordan and took the practice of wild rye agriculture into northeastern Syria near to Göbekli Tepe. I believe that they influenced the rise of domestic wheat agriculture i
Forum: Mysteries
4 months ago
AndyBlackard
I agree with your opinion about not correlating skull shape with race or migration. A 2007 study in England proved that skull shapes changed over time within isolated populations with no gene admixture. Thanks for posting this. --Andy
Forum: Mysteries
5 months ago
AndyBlackard
Having grown up on a farm, these have always seemed to me to be simply bags for sowing grain by hand. Above is a mechanical version with a crank handle like the one that my father told me that my grandfather had used, called a broadcaster.
Forum: Mysteries
1 year ago
AndyBlackard
Former Justice John Paul Stevens Says Kavanaugh Is Not Fit for Supreme Court
Forum: Global Village
1 year ago
AndyBlackard
“We believe he has disqualified himself from this lifetime appointment and must step aside immediately,” the group, which represents about 30 million U.S. parishioners, wrote in a statement. “During his appearance before the Senate Judiciary Committee, Judge Kavanaugh exhibited extreme partisan bias and disrespect toward certain members of the committee and thereby demonstrated that he possesses
Forum: Global Village
1 year ago
AndyBlackard
1 year ago
AndyBlackard
More than 500 law professors from nearly 100 law schools around the nation have signed a letter to the U.S. Senate to say that the volatile temperament Supreme Court nominee Judge Brett Kavanaugh displayed on Thursday as he testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee disqualifies him from sitting on the nation’s highest court. “We regret that we feel compelled to write to you to provide o
Forum: Global Village
1 year ago
AndyBlackard
He is not a subservient Trumper sycophant, like all other Repugnicans, and expects to be punished by the GOP if he runs for reelection.
Forum: Global Village
1 year ago
AndyBlackard
...he appears to have a sense of decency. Maybe that's what the Democrats have on him.
Forum: Global Village
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