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I'm not taking up the challenge as such, since it asks for "proof", and I cannot personally prove anything in this regard. However, the Shroud of Turin blood analysis is now on record at the San Diego DNA Crime Lab, and at other such DNA archives internationally.

The first long-chain DNA extractions and clonings from the blood on the Shroud were conducted by Prof. Marcello Canale of The Genoa Institute of Legal Medicine in 1995. However, since this Institute is in Catholic Italy, a further analysis was called for in order to support or challenge the findings.

In view of this, the blood was subsequently and independently analysed in 1996 at the Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Center for Advanced DNA Technologies in San Antonio. In charge of operations was Dr. Victor Tyron, Director of the Center, along with his wife and chief technician, Nancy Mitchell Tyron. The Texas Center was chosen because it was at that time a key DNA analysis lab for courts of law, and subject to very stringent controls.

Apparently, there was no variation in the blood samples from location to location on the cloth, and it was consistently from the same person. It was Type AB. The point was made in the American Journal of Medical Genetics that, although this blood group is pretty rare -- about 3.2% of world population -- it is 600% more common in Babylonia and Northern Palestine than anywhere else.

From employing routine polymerase chain reactions, which can detect pieces of double-strand DNA, they found unmistakable gene segments, including (1) Beta globin gene segment from chromosome 11; (2) Amelogenin X gene segment from chromosome X, and (3) Amelogenin Y gene segment from chromosome Y.

Dr. Thomas Loy of Queensland University's Center for Molecular and Cellular Biology was brought in to double-check the results, and fully confirmed the Texas findings.

Clearly, the tests did not reveal or prove whose blood it was, but they did prove that it was extremely old and male, containing X and Y chromosomes. The precise age of the blood was not determined, except that it was from a period before AD 400.

Because of degradation in some molecular segments, it was not possible to obtain a complete genome, but there were enough base pair nucleotides to create an individual identification blueprint, and the genome readout as it stands has since been logged at DNA centers around the world.

Laurence

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Shroud Challenge 936 Lee McGiffen 15-Apr-04 11:51
Re: Shroud Challenge 367 jameske 15-Apr-04 12:23
Re: Shroud Challenge 263 Anselm 15-Apr-04 12:25
Re: Shroud Challenge 337 Lee McGiffen 15-Apr-04 13:17
Re: Shroud Challenge 273 jameske 15-Apr-04 13:19
IOW's 310 W. L. Nixon 15-Apr-04 17:53
Re: Shroud Challenge 278 Milo 15-Apr-04 18:32
That's Punny! :<) 305 W. L. Nixon 15-Apr-04 18:46
LOL! n/t 295 Milo 15-Apr-04 23:22
never mind the blood, the features are wrong 315 Nephil 15-Apr-04 18:58
Re: never mind the blood, the features are wrong 338 jameske 15-Apr-04 19:37
Re: never mind the blood, the features are wrong 278 Nephil 15-Apr-04 21:02
Re: never mind the blood, the features are wrong 292 jameske 16-Apr-04 00:03
Re: never mind the blood, the features are wrong 304 Mickw 16-Apr-04 00:05
Re: never mind the blood, the features are wrong 298 degiem1 18-Apr-04 02:49
Re: never mind the blood, the features are wrong 276 Lee McGiffen 16-Apr-04 12:06
Re: Shroud Challenge 287 Lee McGiffen 16-Apr-04 12:09
Re: Shroud Challenge 280 jameske 16-Apr-04 12:42
Re: Shroud Challenge 304 Lee McGiffen 16-Apr-04 14:07
Re: Shroud Challenge 276 Milo 17-Apr-04 03:55
CSI ? 341 Mosachio 16-Apr-04 16:57
Re: Shroud Challenge 344 Mickw 16-Apr-04 17:34
Re: Shroud Challenge 283 Lee McGiffen 17-Apr-04 08:09
Re: Shroud Challenge 312 Nobody 16-Apr-04 17:40
Re: Shroud Challenge 351 Mercury Rapids 17-Apr-04 00:19
Re: Shroud Challenge 291 Lee McGiffen 17-Apr-04 08:20
Re: Shroud Challenge 324 Mercury Rapids 17-Apr-04 00:26
Re: Shroud Challenge 346 Lee McGiffen 17-Apr-04 08:27
Re: Shroud Challenge 326 Cesar 17-Apr-04 19:15
Re: Shroud Challenge 320 BrianAmbrose 23-Apr-04 13:06
Re: Shroud Challenge 463 Caliburn 27-Apr-04 08:29
Re: Shroud Challenge 354 Cesar 27-Apr-04 09:09
Re: Shroud Challenge 290 Lee McGiffen 27-Apr-04 09:21
Re: Shroud Challenge 595 Caliburn 01-May-04 23:54


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