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Madeleine,

FYI: The oldest attested manuscript of SKL dates to the Ur III period (ca. 2100-2000BC), and begins at line 41 of the Old Babylonian composite text in etcsl:

1. nam-lugal an-ta ed3-da-ba
2. kiš.ki lugal-am3
3. kiš.ki-a giš-ur3-e
4. mu 600x3+60x6 i3-na

1. Kingship, in its coming down from heaven,
2. Kish was king.
3. In Kish Gushur
4. did 2160 years.

No flood and no antediluvians are present. Another manuscript, B(rockmon) T(ablets) 14, also begins this way (I currently have no access to this publication).

All other existing manuscripts of SKL date to the Old Babylonian period, during which time Akkadian speaking scribal students learned how to read and write Sumerian. The first use of the Flood as a cosmological catastrophe appears during the Isin dynasty (ca. 2000-1800BC), and likely occurred as a result of political and social struggles after the collapse of the Ur III state, especially utilizing preexisting chronistic traditions and city laments as templates to create a "tradition" that appeared to be old but in reality was a recent invention.*

References:

P. Steinkeller, "An Ur III Manuscript of the Sumerian King List," in W. Sallaberger, et al., Literatur, Politik und Recht in Mesopotamien: Festschrift für Claus Wilcke. Wiesbaden: Harrossowitz Verlag, 2003, pp. 267-292.

Y.S. Chen, The Primeval Flood Catastrophe. Origins and Early Development in Mesopotamian Traditions. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Chen traces the literary development of the Flood concept in the extant literature of the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC. See for instance, Chapter 3 "Antediluvian Traditions", where he attempts to disentangle the varying traditions and manuscripts (mostly SKL and Instruction of Shuruppak) regarding antediluvian times and the often contradictory data referencing the heroes involved. The subsection "Chronographical Sources" (5 SKL mss., the Dynastic Chronicle and Berossus) is especially useful.

*Specifically, Y.S. Chen writes (p. 127): "It is observed that in terms of temporal conceptions and stylistic features, the Flood motif and the temporal clause regarding the Flood were innovations that took place starting from the time of Ur-Ninurta (c. 1923-1896BC), as a result of the literary and ideological responses to the catastrophic demise of the Ur III period."

atugablish

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Subject Views Written By Posted
The Sumerian King List, Ubara Dudu, Ziusudra or Noah? 681 MDaines 07-Feb-20 12:36
Re: The Sumerian King List, Ubara Dudu, Ziusudra or Noah? 138 Wheeler 07-Feb-20 13:51
Re: The Sumerian King List, Ubara Dudu, Ziusudra or Noah? 138 MDaines 07-Feb-20 14:22
Re: The Sumerian King List, Ubara Dudu, Ziusudra or Noah? 133 Wheeler 07-Feb-20 14:35
Re: The Sumerian King List, Ubara Dudu, Ziusudra or Noah? 140 MDaines 07-Feb-20 14:58
Re: The Sumerian King List, Ubara Dudu, Ziusudra or Noah? 140 Wheeler 07-Feb-20 16:06
Epithets in the Sumerian King List 136 MDaines 10-Feb-20 10:24
Re: The Sumerian King List, Ubara Dudu, Ziusudra or Noah? 126 atugablish 17-Feb-20 18:43
Re: The Sumerian King List, Ubara Dudu, Ziusudra or Noah? 178 MDaines 18-Feb-20 12:49


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