I posed the question because I pose that kind of question all the time for my doctoral students, and it leads them to testable questions--or they fall short of their doctoral ambitions.
You might be interested to know that a Cartesian dualist like me agrees with you almost entirely in your views of mentalism. This recent expansion of interest in mental events has led to a parallel expansion of the mind side of mind-body dualism--maybe even more than Descartes had in mind. Remember the Matrix?
From the outside, science might be regarded as expanding objective knowledge of reality. From the inside, science is a mess. The big bang seems to require a miraculous start to everything; "entanglment" of structures at a distance seems to defy the speed of light; "intelligence" seems to be overruling "natural selection" in evolution. Instead of understanding more and more, we seem to be more and more wrong. It's all described by Kuhn in "The Structure of Scientific revolutions: