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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 3782 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 641 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 615 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 680 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 609 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 606 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 585 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 551 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 543 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 585 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 563 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 524 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 537 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 603 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 610 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 583 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 580 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 994 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 591 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 542 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 545 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 523 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 546 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 508 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 540 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 534 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 541 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 573 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 572 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 533 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 533 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 544 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 529 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 561 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 553 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 563 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 529 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 815 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 557 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 520 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 515 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 519 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 519 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 512 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 526 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 527 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 512 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 516 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 522 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 525 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 553 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 519 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 514 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 508 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 536 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 532 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 527 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 545 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 497 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 533 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 552 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 522 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 523 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 592 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 567 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 547 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 562 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 529 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 571 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 512 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 529 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 518 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 515 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 540 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 510 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 549 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 524 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 545 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 522 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 546 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 534 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 529 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 544 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 553 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 567 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 527 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 534 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 551 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 516 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 543 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 526 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 554 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 525 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 547 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 511 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 563 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 551 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 529 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 545 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
What's in a name? 539 MDaines 12-Jul-18 10:34
Re: What's in a name? 533 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 535 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
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