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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 3320 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 494 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 470 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 519 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 471 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 457 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 441 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 407 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 400 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 444 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 435 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 382 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 398 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 469 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 473 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 443 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 436 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 630 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 454 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 404 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 410 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 387 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 403 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 377 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 397 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 401 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 388 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 433 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 418 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 397 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 393 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 402 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 389 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 420 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 403 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 428 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 386 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 573 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 405 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 384 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 368 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 379 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 379 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 376 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 396 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 383 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 372 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 374 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 385 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 381 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 409 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 383 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 374 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 367 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 390 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 384 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 381 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 410 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 356 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 395 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 407 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 381 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 385 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 444 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 430 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 405 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 408 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 382 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 418 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 372 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 388 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 385 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 376 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 407 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 377 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 410 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 392 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 408 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 380 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 406 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 389 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 397 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 390 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 407 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 421 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 384 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 394 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 410 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 382 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 400 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 391 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 401 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 384 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 401 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 373 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 426 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 407 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 390 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 399 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
What's in a name? 408 MDaines 12-Jul-18 10:34
Re: What's in a name? 403 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 390 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
Re: What's in a name? 386 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:30
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 409 Broker 16-Jul-18 22:17
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 410 SallyA 19-Jul-18 19:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 400 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:36
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 391 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:35


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