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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 3454 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 537 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 516 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 569 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 514 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 509 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 484 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 451 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 445 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 487 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 473 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 424 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 442 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 509 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 514 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 488 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 479 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 704 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 497 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 443 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 450 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 430 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 450 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 414 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 438 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 445 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 438 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 476 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 460 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 436 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 434 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 447 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 433 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 463 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 454 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 466 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 428 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 642 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 454 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 425 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 414 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 423 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 421 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 417 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 437 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 423 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 414 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 413 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 425 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 426 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 456 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 425 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 418 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 408 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 437 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 433 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 427 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 449 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 398 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 434 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 451 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 418 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 432 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 491 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 473 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 449 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 452 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 428 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 461 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 414 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 430 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 424 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 417 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 448 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 416 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 453 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 430 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 450 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 421 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 448 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 437 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 437 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 439 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 451 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 466 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 428 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 438 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 459 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 422 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 442 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 433 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 448 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 423 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 447 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 416 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 465 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 449 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 433 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 439 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
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Re: What's in a name? 439 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 438 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
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Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 446 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:36
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 435 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:35


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