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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 3933 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 684 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 666 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 731 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 661 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 654 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 636 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 608 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 602 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 629 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 615 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 578 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 589 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 653 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 664 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 640 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 635 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 1090 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 644 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 590 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 603 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 572 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 599 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 566 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 589 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 581 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 592 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 621 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 618 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 584 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 581 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 593 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 581 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 618 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 601 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 604 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 581 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 897 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 610 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 573 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 565 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 568 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 566 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 563 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 573 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 572 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 557 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 568 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 573 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 577 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 601 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 570 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 562 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 562 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 580 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 588 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 585 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 601 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 545 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 586 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 601 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 575 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 571 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 645 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 622 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 591 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 610 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 578 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 618 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 565 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 583 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 572 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 560 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 594 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 567 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 599 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 569 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 590 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 580 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 598 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 581 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 577 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 593 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 611 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 616 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 577 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 590 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 597 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 568 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 598 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 575 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 604 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 580 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 598 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 563 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 614 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 607 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 580 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 597 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
What's in a name? 584 MDaines 12-Jul-18 10:34
Re: What's in a name? 580 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 586 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
Re: What's in a name? 585 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:30
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 597 Broker 16-Jul-18 22:17
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 622 SallyA 19-Jul-18 19:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 588 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:36
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 600 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:35


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