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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 3618 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 588 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 563 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 629 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 561 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 558 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 534 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 502 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 492 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 537 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 520 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 473 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 488 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 556 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 561 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 533 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 528 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 818 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 545 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 497 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 496 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 477 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 498 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 463 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 486 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 488 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 491 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 523 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 511 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 482 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 482 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 495 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 477 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 510 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 508 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 514 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 478 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 734 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 504 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 473 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 460 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 470 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 470 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 462 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 481 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 475 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 462 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 463 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 473 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 477 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 506 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 471 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 466 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 458 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 488 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 486 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 477 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 497 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 446 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 481 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 498 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 468 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 479 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 537 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 521 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 495 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 507 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 477 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 510 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 463 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 480 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 470 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 461 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 493 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 463 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 498 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 477 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 500 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 469 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 497 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 487 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 485 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 494 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 500 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 515 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 475 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 485 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 506 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 468 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 488 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 479 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 498 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 471 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 494 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 463 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 515 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 497 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 481 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 487 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
What's in a name? 492 MDaines 12-Jul-18 10:34
Re: What's in a name? 486 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 485 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
Re: What's in a name? 474 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:30
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 499 Broker 16-Jul-18 22:17
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 514 SallyA 19-Jul-18 19:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 494 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:36
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 488 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:35


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