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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 2627 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 358 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 343 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 375 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 344 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 337 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 317 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 287 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 276 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 308 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 313 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 270 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 275 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 339 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 338 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 323 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 313 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 429 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 326 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 287 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 289 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 272 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 278 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 266 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 279 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 277 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 270 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 306 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 292 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 276 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 283 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 274 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 278 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 290 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 278 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 298 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 256 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 384 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 272 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 272 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 252 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 259 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 267 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 266 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 260 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 253 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 254 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 258 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 265 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 253 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 275 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 263 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 244 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 253 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 268 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 271 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 260 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 284 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 244 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 262 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 283 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 266 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 261 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 320 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 307 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 283 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 288 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 264 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 288 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 254 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 258 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 270 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 265 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 279 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 261 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 291 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 277 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 300 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 265 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 273 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 265 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 285 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 268 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 280 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 281 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 261 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 269 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 284 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 272 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 275 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 273 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 287 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 263 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 263 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 249 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 305 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 284 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 268 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 280 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
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Re: What's in a name? 283 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 269 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
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Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 269 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:36
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 268 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:35


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