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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 3331 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 496 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 475 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 525 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 476 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 458 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 446 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 413 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 405 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 449 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 437 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 384 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 403 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 473 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 478 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 444 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 440 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 634 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 458 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 405 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 413 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 388 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 407 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 378 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 402 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 405 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 393 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 438 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 423 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 398 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 395 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 407 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 391 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 424 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 408 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 429 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 391 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 578 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 411 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 385 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 369 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 384 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 380 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 377 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 400 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 388 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 373 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 375 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 389 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 387 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 415 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 387 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 378 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 368 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 395 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 385 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 387 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 411 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 357 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 396 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 412 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 382 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 390 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 448 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 436 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 410 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 410 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 386 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 422 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 374 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 393 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 386 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 377 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 411 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 378 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 414 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 393 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 409 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 381 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 409 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 395 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 398 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 394 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 411 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 426 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 390 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 398 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 416 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 383 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 405 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 395 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 405 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 385 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 406 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 378 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 428 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 411 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 395 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 400 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
What's in a name? 409 MDaines 12-Jul-18 10:34
Re: What's in a name? 404 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 396 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
Re: What's in a name? 391 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:30
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 410 Broker 16-Jul-18 22:17
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 415 SallyA 19-Jul-18 19:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 405 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:36
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 396 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:35


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