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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 2702 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 392 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 377 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 409 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 372 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 369 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 346 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 313 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 303 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 339 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 344 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 298 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 303 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 373 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 373 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 355 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 341 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 481 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 356 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 313 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 320 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 302 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 307 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 292 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 304 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 308 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 299 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 331 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 321 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 306 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 309 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 304 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 306 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 318 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 305 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 329 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 288 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 426 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 303 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 302 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 280 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 290 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 293 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 294 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 289 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 281 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 284 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 287 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 291 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 284 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 309 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 291 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 274 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 280 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 294 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 298 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 287 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 318 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 271 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 294 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 310 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 293 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 288 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 350 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 335 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 309 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 317 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 290 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 320 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 281 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 287 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 299 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 291 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 308 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 293 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 318 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 307 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 328 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 296 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 302 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 292 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 315 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 295 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 308 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 311 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 286 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 296 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 315 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 297 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 301 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 301 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 312 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 296 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 290 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 274 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 335 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 311 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 295 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 308 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
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Re: What's in a name? 308 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 295 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
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Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 299 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:36
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 296 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:35


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