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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 3178 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 435 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 419 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 458 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 415 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 411 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 391 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 356 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 345 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 383 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 390 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 338 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 342 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 413 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 419 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 396 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 382 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 548 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 398 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 355 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 363 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 343 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 352 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 332 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 345 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 350 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 340 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 373 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 362 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 349 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 349 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 349 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 347 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 367 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 344 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 374 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 335 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 496 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 350 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 343 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 319 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 327 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 334 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 335 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 343 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 328 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 324 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 326 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 331 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 325 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 354 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 330 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 318 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 321 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 334 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 337 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 328 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 364 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 310 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 340 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 350 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 333 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 330 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 389 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 377 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 351 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 360 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 330 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 363 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 322 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 331 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 339 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 331 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 355 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 335 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 359 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 348 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 368 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 335 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 351 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 335 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 352 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 336 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 351 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 355 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 326 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 340 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 361 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 336 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 344 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 338 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 352 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 339 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 338 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 319 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 379 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 355 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 339 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 353 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
What's in a name? 363 MDaines 12-Jul-18 10:34
Re: What's in a name? 353 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 338 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
Re: What's in a name? 328 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:30
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 352 Broker 16-Jul-18 22:17
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 343 SallyA 19-Jul-18 19:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 341 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:36
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 336 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:35


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