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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 3242 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 469 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 443 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 487 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 441 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 438 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 413 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 380 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 371 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 413 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 413 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 361 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 368 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 440 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 444 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 423 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 408 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 588 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 424 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 382 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 391 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 366 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 375 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 356 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 369 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 374 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 361 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 399 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 388 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 377 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 373 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 373 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 369 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 391 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 371 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 404 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 358 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 535 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 377 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 365 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 347 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 349 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 358 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 358 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 368 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 351 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 351 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 353 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 356 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 354 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 380 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 355 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 344 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 347 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 363 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 363 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 354 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 389 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 335 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 374 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 377 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 359 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 355 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 414 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 401 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 376 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 385 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 355 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 388 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 350 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 357 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 363 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 357 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 378 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 359 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 382 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 372 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 391 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 357 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 376 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 360 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 378 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 359 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 376 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 388 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 352 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 363 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 385 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 359 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 369 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 363 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 375 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 364 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 369 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 345 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 405 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 378 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 361 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 376 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
What's in a name? 388 MDaines 12-Jul-18 10:34
Re: What's in a name? 380 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 363 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
Re: What's in a name? 356 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:30
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Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 376 SallyA 19-Jul-18 19:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 368 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:36
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 361 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:35


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