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The technology of dynastic Egypt was the end product of a development spanning many thousands of years. I suspect that ideas in the creation of sacred and monumental architecture entering the country via the Levant. Just look at Jericho with its tower, wall and rock-cut ditch which is at least 10,000-11,000 years old. All this was done with simple stone tools. No copper involved.

These ideas was brought into Egypt and were collected at sites like Helwan, immediately south of Cairo and the Tura Mountains. I show in The Cygnus Key that a Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlement had been established here by 8000 BCE. Moreover, that the same stone tool technology found here also existed as far north as Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori. Here asset Helwan it lingered, with links back to the Levant, through till the age of the Maadi culture circa 3500 BCE. Shortly thereafter cemeteries started to be built at Helwan using massive cut and dressed Tura limestone.

It was the highly advanced nature of the tombs at Helwan that prompted Egyptologist Michael Rice to comment:

It is frequently asserted that the earliest use of stone [in ancient Egypt] was in the late Second Dynasty but quite apart from the revetment of Hierakonpolis [in the south of the country], the First Dynasty tombs at Helwan (as well as some of the larger, contemporary tombs at Saqqara) demonstrate that this is not so. Some of the blocks used for the wall and floor of the burial chambers are huge, suggesting that they are already the products of a long-established and assured tradition.38

This “long-established and assured tradition” had begun in the vicinity of Helwan and Ma’sarah at the time of the El Omari culture, circa 5500–4500 BCE, where it had most likely lingered in some form since the earliest days of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period. As we have seen, it was at this time that a highly advanced stone-tool-making society had thrived in the area—one with links all the way back to the culture responsible for cult centers like Göbekli Tepe in far off Anatolia. Yet it is what Rice goes on to say that is of the greatest importance here:

A study of the architecture of the Helwan tombs has concluded that the use of stone in their construction indicates a high level of building skills available in this region of northern Upper Egypt in the First and Second Dynasties. The ability to manipulate stone, it is suggested, may have contributed to the remarkable achievements of the builders of the monuments at Giza.

We can begin now to understand why the monuments of Giza are of such sophistication for their age, and where exactly the knowledge and technological skills that went toward their creation actually came from—Helwan.

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The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 2454 Andrew Collins Author 03-Jul-18 17:29
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 295 SallyA 04-Jul-18 19:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 284 Andrew Collins Author 04-Jul-18 21:51
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 305 michael seabrook 04-Jul-18 21:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 274 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:28
Paranormalist 273 greengirl5 06-Jul-18 00:04
Re: Paranormalist 256 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:52
Re: Paranormalist 229 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 23:36
Re: Paranormalist 214 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:44
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 244 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 20:55
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 247 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 22:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 212 michael seabrook 06-Jul-18 23:13
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 217 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:25
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 276 SallyA 05-Jul-18 00:57
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 265 SallyA 05-Jul-18 01:27
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? .. Mod help, please .. 256 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:45
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 251 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:42
More snakes 340 Robert Jameson 05-Jul-18 06:26
Re: More snakes 260 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:54
Re: More snakes 228 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 13:59
Re: More snakes 229 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:11
Re: More snakes 215 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:29
Re: More snakes 217 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:47
Re: More snakes 204 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:07
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 219 SallyA 08-Jul-18 23:48
Re: the pyramids of Giza, built, how? 216 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:40
Re: More snakes 210 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:30
Sperm cells and microscopes 248 greengirl5 05-Jul-18 23:41
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 222 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:38
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 218 SallyA 06-Jul-18 02:49
Re: Yeti ... source page: 223 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:05
Re: Yeti ... source page: 213 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:24
Re: Yeti ... are actual, have rather odd eyes and are fast and very capable 214 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:26
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" from the Dream Time, her two companions, and her master . . 230 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:23
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 219 SallyA 17-Jul-18 18:14
Re: O.T., . . Looking for the BIG picture, the temporal ghestalts . . 234 SallyA 17-Jul-18 19:12
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 199 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:27
Re: Serpents, "THE Serpent of Creation" ... images of House of Sokar . . 3 serpents as on Gobekli pillar: 296 SallyA 24-Jul-18 16:57
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 216 Robert Jameson 06-Jul-18 14:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 216 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 198 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:22
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 198 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 212 michael seabrook 08-Jul-18 07:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 207 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:53
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 203 Robert Jameson 08-Jul-18 17:49
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 197 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:20
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 197 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 00:40
Yes, how? 201 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 01:48
Re: Yes, how? 203 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 03:17
Re: Yes, how? 196 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 05:35
Re: Yes, how? 216 Robert Jameson 09-Jul-18 12:27
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 203 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:44
Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 190 SallyA 11-Jul-18 16:05
Re: Crick, Watson and accuracy . . thank you, amended . . . 195 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:35
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 203 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 209 Robert Jameson 10-Jul-18 00:51
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 202 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:38
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 228 Robert Jameson 12-Jul-18 00:02
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 188 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 22:18
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 207 Robert Jameson 14-Jul-18 01:58
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 226 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:14
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 210 greengirl5 07-Jul-18 14:01
Re: Sperm cells and microscopes 201 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 15:56
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 262 drrayeye 05-Jul-18 06:35
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 252 Andrew Collins Author 05-Jul-18 21:59
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 229 SallyA 06-Jul-18 03:22
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 226 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:40
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 208 SallyA 09-Jul-18 00:32
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Aesir & Vanir, and . . . 222 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 20:37
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 194 SallyA 10-Jul-18 15:31
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: Agree 100%, . . Odin from general vicinity of Anatolia . . NM 201 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:41
Balanced speculation 214 drrayeye 06-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Balanced speculation 208 Andrew Collins Author 06-Jul-18 23:43
Re: Balanced speculation 222 drrayeye 07-Jul-18 00:22
Re: Balanced speculation 205 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:09
The Black Swan 230 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 11:36
Re: The Black Swan 219 Robert Jameson 07-Jul-18 23:52
Re: The Black Swan 243 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:16
Re: The Black Swan 209 greengirl5 09-Jul-18 02:03
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 216 jazzmumbles 08-Jul-18 03:15
Re: The Denisovan Legacy: the True Origins of Civilization? 205 Andrew Collins Author 08-Jul-18 16:25
The Idigna Bird and Kal 227 MDaines 08-Jul-18 16:49
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 211 SallyA 09-Jul-18 01:07
Kailasa and swans 219 drew 09-Jul-18 02:18
Re: Kailasa and swans 222 SallyA 09-Jul-18 03:23
Re: Kailasa and swans 205 drew 09-Jul-18 03:54
Re: Kailasa . . pardon, rebounding, and centering . . 212 SallyA 09-Jul-18 18:38
Re: Kailasa and swans 225 MDaines 09-Jul-18 07:56
Re: having an author to chat to 214 drew 09-Jul-18 20:53
Re: having an author to chat to 217 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 215 Andrew Collins Author 09-Jul-18 21:03
Late comer..... 224 Itatw70s 10-Jul-18 00:17
Re: Late comer..... 204 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:42
Re: Late comer..... 205 Itatw70s 12-Jul-18 18:20
Re: Late comer..... 190 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:12
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 242 MDaines 10-Jul-18 08:42
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 218 SallyA 10-Jul-18 16:32
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 211 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 18:07
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 221 Andrew Collins Author 11-Jul-18 17:58
What's in a name? 230 MDaines 12-Jul-18 10:34
Re: What's in a name? 222 Andrew Collins Author 13-Jul-18 23:08
Re: What's in a name? 210 MDaines 14-Jul-18 07:04
Re: What's in a name? 193 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:30
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 222 Broker 16-Jul-18 22:17
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 204 SallyA 19-Jul-18 19:13
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal . . and leopards 207 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:36
Re: The Idigna Bird and Kal 210 Andrew Collins Author 23-Jul-18 13:35


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