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Such was the argument before the discovery and recognition of the megalithic centers in the Supe Valley and the earlier settlements along the Pacific coast. Betty Meggers was the chief antagonist toward increasing evidence of widespread farming not based on maize but horticultural encouragement of native species of nut and fruit trees. Rcall that Caral was constructed by a pre-agricultural, pre-ceramic people and it predates the construction of the Great Pyramid. Part of the problem with Meggers' and others' scenario of small hunter gatherer groups being incapable of large scale food production and civic projects lies in the previous lack of recognition of farming strategies quite unfamiliar to Europeans. The phenomenon of terra preta, artificial earth, was such an unrecognized strategy until the last decade.
[terrapretaprogram.org]

From Wiki:
By the first millennium, South America's vast rainforests, mountains, plains, and coasts were the home of tens of millions of people. Some groups formed permanent settlements. Among those groups were the Chibchas (or "Muiscas" or "Muyscas"), Valdivia and the Tairona. The Chibchas of Colombia, Valdivia of Ecuador, the Quechuas of Peru, and the Aymara of Bolivia were the four most important sedentary Amerindian groups in South America. From the 1970s, numerous geoglyphs have been discovered on deforested land in the Amazon rainforest, Brazil, leading to claims about an ancient complex Amazonian civilization.

Charles C. Mann goes into greater detail how early misperceptions of the populations and strategies of the pre-columbian Americas is in need of extensive revision in his book 1491, which we have discussed here previously.

As we have seen with Gobekli Tepe this revision is not limited to any one continent. Extensive Pre-Inca stone ruins abound in South America and have been noted by Europeans ever since Francisco de Orellana's exploration of the Amazon in 1541-1546. Such blanket denials of large populations and civic achievements in pre-columbian South America can no longer go without challenge from empirical evidence.
Aine wrote:

> MichaelTellinger wrote:
>
> > The fact that there is evidence of over 10 million stone
> ruins
> > in SA - most of which would have been connected into a giant
> > energy grid - connected with channels of two walls - that
> look
> > like roads from the air - clearly indicates that there must
> > have been large numbers of people that lived in this part of
> > the world for extended periods of time. Gold mining is
> > undoubtedly the central activity - together with agricultural
> > terraces that cover more than 450,000 square km. - They were
> > growing huge amount of food and feeding large numbers of
> > people. The evidence of the people is missing - this remains
> > the biggest mystery yet. Where are the skeletal or fossil
> > remains?
> >
>
> The Americas for the most part are nutrient-poor. Huge amounts
> of food on the scale you're describing just weren't grown.
> There were no draft or domesticated animals to use as a protein
> source or to pull plows. Now, farming did occur, of course, but
> maize was one of the few choices they had. Wild maize was very
> tiny, and only over very long periods of time--along with
> genetic modification--did it become the crop we know today.
> Best guess is that it took nearly 10,000 years to domesticate
> and diversify genetically.
>
> All of these factors would have led to an inability to support
> huge populations in one place.
>

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Subject Views Written By Posted
South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 531 Dr. Lew Graham 06-Sep-13 02:52
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 225 MJT 06-Sep-13 09:14
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 227 molder 06-Sep-13 10:31
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 142 Aine 06-Sep-13 14:18
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 167 Mr.Ward 06-Sep-13 14:31
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 210 David Campbell 06-Sep-13 14:52
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 192 Aine 06-Sep-13 15:07
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 197 DrRita 06-Sep-13 15:08
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 193 Mr.Ward 06-Sep-13 15:20
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 149 Aine 06-Sep-13 15:32
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 156 Mr.Ward 06-Sep-13 15:36
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 140 Aine 06-Sep-13 15:44
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 216 Aine 06-Sep-13 15:06
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 143 Mr.Ward 06-Sep-13 15:32
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 173 carolb 06-Sep-13 15:33
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 180 Aine 06-Sep-13 15:44
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 224 DrRita 06-Sep-13 16:34
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 181 molder 07-Sep-13 21:30
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 169 Aine 09-Sep-13 15:51
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 255 David Campbell 09-Sep-13 21:13
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 125 Aine 10-Sep-13 15:09
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 147 molder 09-Sep-13 22:54
Gold and Silver - oldest money 228 MichaelTellinger 23-Sep-13 12:52
large gold disk 189 michael seabrook 06-Sep-13 14:14
South African Gold 183 PB Bytes 06-Sep-13 19:27
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 271 MichaelTellinger 17-Sep-13 00:40
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 1682 MichaelTellinger 17-Sep-13 09:47
Thank you, Michael, for the information-rich reply 231 Dr. Lew Graham 18-Sep-13 03:42
Re: Thank you, Michael, for the information-rich reply 221 David Campbell 18-Sep-13 04:58
Re: Thank you, Michael, for the information-rich reply 269 MichaelTellinger 23-Sep-13 10:10
Re: Thank you, Michael, for the information-rich reply 220 Aine 23-Sep-13 13:21
Re: Thank you, Michael, for the information-rich reply 176 David Campbell 23-Sep-13 14:43
Re: Thank you, Michael, for the information-rich reply 207 Aine 23-Sep-13 15:30
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 241 Mr.Ward 18-Sep-13 15:34
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 179 Aine 18-Sep-13 16:03
Re: South African Gold and Ancient Astronomical Sites 156 Mr.Ward 30-Sep-13 13:18
Re: Ghia...ping for Loveritas 243 Thunderbird 30-Sep-13 22:30
Ancient Giants 198 Dr. Lew Graham 30-Sep-13 23:18
Re: Ancient Giants 185 Thunderbird 01-Oct-13 00:06
The Very Planet is Alive? 155 Dr. Lew Graham 02-Oct-13 23:22


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