I sent something to by email for your review on the subject of the ancient kingdoms of Urartu. This kingdom in modern day Armenia is possibly the closest real tangible evidence we may have relating to this entire thread about pre-world Jesus, corpreal beings, true and false teachings, rebellion etc.
Myth and legend begin to merge with science and history. I can send the complete article to anyone if they want.
It's to big (5 pages) to duplicate entirely so here is the meat of it:
LOST KINGDOM OF VAN by Troy R. Bishop
. . . Earliest recorded mention of Urartu is in ancient Assyrian inscriptionsof the thirteenth century B.C., a time before Urartu had become consolidated asa state. At that time, the Assyrians applied the term Uruartri to theloose groupings of people in the region where Urartu was later to appear. TheAssyrians also referred to these peoples as the Nairi (17).(Could this be connected with the Nerites referred to in The URANTIABook?) (18). In the year 860 B.C., the Urartian kingdom was formed under its first king, Aramu, and the Assyrians began referring to the new nation as Urartu (19). The Urartians, however, referred to their country as the land of Biaini.Scholars somehow derive the word Van, as in Lake Van (and perhapsnearby Lake Sevan), from the word Biaini and sometimes refer toUrartu as the Kingdom of Van (20). The Urartians were overthrown in 590 B.C. by the Medes and some othersformerly held subject by the Urartians. After the destruction of Urartu, astrange thing happened: Other empires have disappeared from the scene of humanaffairs and lived on in history: the Assyrians, for example; but the vanishedcivilization of Urartu was completely forgotten. Its great successes wereascribed to its enemies. Its name was lost to the world except for certain Assyrian inscriptions, which constituted a puzzle to later historians. The ancient Hebrews knew the Urartians and had dealings with them, but theOld Testament mistakenly refers to them by a distorted name. Similarly, the nameof a mountain vital to the Hebrew tradition has been distorted through thecorruption of the name of Urartu. Professor Boris Petrovskii, a researcher intothe Urartian Kingdom, writes of the Hebrew corruption of the name Urartuas follows: "The name was preserved in the Old Testament in thecorrupt form 'Ararat,' which in the Latin version became 'Armenia.' When theMassoretic writers were vocalising the text of the Bible they inserted the vowela into words which were unknown to them, so that 'Urartu' became'Ararat'; and it is only within very recent years that the Qumran scrolls haveyielded a form of the name with the semi-vowel w in the first syllable (21)." Two Old Testament references to Urartians are described by ProfessorPetrovskii as follows: "A passage in the Book of Jeremia dated to thefourth year of the reign of King Zedekiah (i.e., 594 B.C.) talks of callingtogether against Babylon the Medes, the Urartians ('Ararat'), the Mannaeans ('Minni')and the Scythians ('Aschenaz') (22)." And"The Old Testament preserves a recollection ... thatSennocherib's sons, having killed their father, fled to Urartu (the 'land of Ararat' or 'land of Armenia') (23). "Today, almost any Bible atlas includes Urartu on its maps of the ancient world and explains that Ararat in the Bible really refers to Urartu." Professor Seton Lloyd, another researcher into Urartu, has this to say about the ancient civilization: "Urartu is now being presented to us as a nation--and in its time a very great nation-whose history and even identity seem to have been completely expunged from the records of human memory for two-and-a-half thousand years. Yet today, everything about it--its racial characteristics, political and economic history and its art--constitute it one of the most intriguing problems in Near Eastern Archaeology (24)." It is generally agreed that the Urartians arose from the Hurrians and employed a language similar to Hurrian. These mountaineers built great fortresses on overlooks throughout the highlands of Urartu. Their kingdom supported huge building programs. Palace remains show evidence of economic might. Much of their art has been recovered, particularly works in bronze. The art of Urartu contains abundant depictions referring to the Cult of the Tree--images of sacred trees guarded by seraphim and genii and sometimes attended by a king or kings.
SACRED TREE WITH ATTENDANTS.
Extreme stylization of tree indicates that tradition was already ancient. (Urartian,detail of bronze helmet of King Sarduri II, 760-743 B.C. Hermitage Museum,Leningrad). This persistent portrayal of the tree of life with its guarding celestial beings pervaded the Urartian culture. For generations, personal seals imprinted the sacred tree on correspondence carried throughout the empire (25). Rulers and administrators sipped wine from bronze cups stamped with the emblem of the tree (26). Urartian warriors carried the symbol of the sacred tree to battle on bronze belts (27)and pointed helmets (28). Carved stones displayed the sacred tree throughout the land (29). Colorful wall paintings (30) and carved columns (31) in palaces and other buildings repeated the recurring theme.
SACRED TREE WITH ATTENDANTS ON LID FROM STEATITE JAR.
(Urartian, 8th Century B.C. Armenian Historical Museum, Erevan).
The Urartians were formidable in war. The Assyrians mounted attacks on Urartian fortresses, but there were periods when they were careful to cultivate the good will of these mountain dwellers. In 714 B.C., for example, Sargon, at the head of his Assyrian army, sacked some Urartian strongholds; but in 654B.C., the later Assyrian king Ashurbanipal, at the celebration of his victory over King Teuman of Elam and capture of Susa, received emissaries from Urartu's King Rusa. According to Assyrian annals recording the event, "Rusa, king of Urartu, heard of the mightiness of my gods and was overcome by terror at my majesty. Then he sent his princes to Arbela to bring me greetings (32)." In 590 B.C., Urartu was sacked and burned. Only hulks remained. The dust and winds of time did their work. It was not until about a hundred years ago that researchers began to connect the ruins throughout the Anatolian highlands with the vague references to Urartu in the Assyrian records; it had previously been believed that they were Assyrian (33). Notuntil 1936 was the first systematic excavation of a major Urartian fortress begun (34). After the disappearance of Urartu as a political entity, the Armenians dominated the ancient highlands, absorbing portions of the previous Urartian culture in the process. More recently the Armenians, like their Urartian predecessors, have met tragic and depopulating devastations in these ancestral homelands. The hand of fate seems not yet to have completed its drama of violent readjustment in the Anatolian highlands. Some questions a casual reading of The URANTIA Book might give the impression that Van's headquarters were primarily in the Lake Van area (35). A more detailed analysis and comparison of statements in The URANTIA Book indicates, however, that Van's principal headquarters were in the foothills south of the Kopet Daugh, where Adamson subsequently settled (36). In this connection, The URANTIA Book explains that the Vanites (early followers of Van) and their descendants later settled about the shores of Lake Van and their subsequent traditions developed around this area (37). It would be interesting to speculate on the racial makeup of the early followers of Van and their relatiionship to the better known peoples of today: the Armenians, for example. This is a subject for another study. We know that the human followers of Van and Amadon who subsequently reproduced--the non-immortal individuals--were of the Andonite race, as were their modified human followers, none of whom reproduced. We also know that the ascendant corporeal volunteers resembled their modified associates, at least in skin color(38). The bodies of these rematerialized volunteers were of the same order as the body of later-appearing Machiventa Melchizedek, who was similarly supplied with a fabricated body for special planetary service; in personal appearance, Machiventa Melchizedek resembled thepeople around him, but he possessed a commanding presence (39). The early Andonites, half a million years before Van and Amadon, somewhatresembled present-day eskimos both in general appearance and skin color (40). We do not know how much change occurred in the Andonic race during theintervening one-half million years before the times of Van and Amadon. The Nodites, being descendants of the modified Andonites, underwent some changes because of artificially encountered mutations (41), but might have kept a skin color similar to that of the Andonites. The later-appearing Adamsonites in the Turkestani locale previously inhabitedby Van and Amadon were the ancestors of the early greeks (42). Events of vast significance have occurred in that small area of the world, ringing down their consequences through the ages. Perhaps some day we shall know more about this subject. One thing is becoming increasingly clear: The modern revelation contained in The URANTIA Book is not merely a theoretical article of belief to be sheltered from all links with external reality. . .
© 1982 Troy R. Bishop. "Urartu - Lost Kingdom of
Van" may be freely duplicated electronically and transmitted across
networks and the Internet if the copyright notice and this permission notice
appear on all copies.