An archaeologist named David Rohl has put the scholarly evidence together with the Biblical narratives and shown some really stunning parallels.
In one book he traces some of the characters from Genesis and actually deduces the physical location of the Garden of Eden. Was Eden located in present day Iran, in a valley between Lake Urmia and the Caspian Sea? (Very interesting if so... that is also where Zarathustra came from.) Then the present day Iranian city of Tobruk is literally built in Eden...
Legend: The Genesis of Civilization
In another book he shows that the Amarna tablets, a set of diplomatic records discovered in the ruins of Amenhotep's capital, contain correspondance from a person he believes is the Biblical King Saul
(A TLC show 'In Search of Paradise' is based on this book)
A Test of Time: The Bible from Myth to History
(A TLC show 'Pharaoahs and Kings' is based on this book)
Remember the story of Joseph rising to 'Vizier' and running the Egyptian government? He is specifically called 'father to Pharaoh' and there is one real person in Egyptian history who had that title! Yuya was a 'regent' for a young Pharoah not yet old enough to rule for himself, and we actually have his mummy in a museum. Was Yuya the Biblical Joseph?
There are many more fascinating topics related to the Bible in archaeology and history. The New Testament offers as many 'sleuthing' adventures as the Old Testament. But I don't want to spend all day collecting them. :) This should give you an interesting start.