> From the Gospel of Philip :
> 55. Wisdom (sophia) whom they call barren, is the mother of
> the angels,
> and the consort of Christ is Mary Magdalene. The Lord loved
> Mary more than all the disciples, and he kissed her on the
> mouth many times. The other disciples saw him...They said to
> him "Why do you love her more than all of us?" The Savior
> answered and said to them, "Why do not I love you as I do her?"
> From "Lost Scriptures: Books That did not make it into the
> New Testament", by Bart D. Ehrman-Chair, Divinity Dept. Univ.
> of North Carolina
> 2003-Oxford University Press
Cohort does not mean wife. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, cohort is fully defined as:
division of ancient-Roman army; band of warrior; persons banded or grouped together; assistant, colleague. [ME, f. F cohorte or f. L cohors cohort- enclosure, company]
In the OED, there is no mention of cohort specifically meaning "wife"!
In the online version of the Cambridge Dictionary, the following definition is given and again, there's no mention that cohort specifically means "wife":
1. SPECIALIZED a group of people who share a characteristic, usually age:
This study followed up a cohort of 386 patients aged 65 + for six months after their discharge home.
2. DISAPPROVING; a group of people who support a particular person, usually a leader:
The Mayor and his cohorts have abused their positions of power.
(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)
The online MSN Encarta Dictionary has the following definition:
co·hort [ko hàwrt] (plural co·horts)
1. group of people: a united group of people
2. supporter: a supporter, accomplice, or associate of a leader, especially one to whom special treatment and preference is given ( disapproving )
3. statistics group with statistical similarities: a group of people sharing a common factor, for example, the same age or the same income bracket, especially in a statistical survey
4. history unit of Roman army: an ancient Roman military unit that formed one tenth of a legion and that consisted of 300 to 600 men
5. soldiers: a group of soldiers or warriors
[15th century. From, ultimately, the Latin stem cohort- , literally "enclosure," thus "people within an enclosure," hence "company of infantry", variant of cort- .]
The Merriam-Webster online dictionary gives the same definition:
In fact no dictionary says that cohort means wife. I've checked all of the following dictionaries:
Wordsmyth English Dictionary; the The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, 2000; the Infoplease Dictionary; the Dictionary.com dictionary; the Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia; the Online Plain Text English Dictionary; the Webster Dictionary, 1913; the Rhymezone; the AllWords.com Multi-Lingual Dictionary; the Webster's 1828 Dictionary; the Hutchinson's Dictionary of Difficult Words; the WordNet 1.7 Vocabulary Helper; the LookWAYup Translating Dictionary; The Word Detective dictionary; the 1911 edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica.
Checkout: [www.onelook.com] for all of the above dictionaries that give a definition for "cohort".
As I said in my previous post, even if we suppose the above passage from The Book of Philip conveys historically accurate information, the passage itself appears to disprove Jesus' marriage to Mary. If Jesus had been married to Mary then surely his kissing her wouldn't have been an offense. Surely Jesus could've satisfied the disciples' question, "Why do you love her more than all of us?", by explaining that Mary was his wife. Jesus doesn't do this though. Instead, he explains his affection for Mary by pointing out she has "light" and this context, it's clear he's talking about knowledge and that is consistent with other gnostic gospels. Even if we take this passage literally, nothing in the above passages suggests they were married.
There is no evidence in the non-canonical gospels that Jesus married Mary.