The Matsya Purana describes the shradh as it is divided into three types. One type of shradh performed daily, another shradh performed periodically and another shradh performed with purpose (Kamya). In North and East India, the shardh, which is performed for deceased ancestors is called as pitru paksha shardh, in Tamilnadu, it is called as Aadi Amavasai, KarikadakaVavu Bali in the state of Kerala and Amavasi rituals in other states or regions. The pandits for pitru pooja in Varanasi help the deceased soul to attain moksha or salvation.
By studying the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita, the pandits for shradhkaryas in Varanasi talk about the journey of the dead and the rituals dedicated to them for their safe journey towards their destination. In early days, the Indian scriptures explain the whole significance of shradh with Agni, Garuda, Matsya and Vayu Puranas guiding the purohits for shradhkaryas in Varanasi.
As per the Matsya Purana, Agni, Vasus (name of a significant class of Vedic gods) and Rudras, which is a title of a Vedic storm-god act as intermediaries during the occasion of Pitru Paksha Shradh. In these days the pandits for shradhkaryas in Varanasi do the rituals and offered foods to the ancestors who in turn bless those people, who are performing the rituals. This happens due to a boon provided by the Lord Yama, the god of death in the Hindu Mythology.
Pitru Paksha Shradh is offered to those ancestors whose death dates have been forgotten or for those people who have deaths like accidents or murder. The people who failed to perform barsi or the shradh annually (on the death date) can also do shradh by taking the help of pandits for shradhkaryas in Varanasi during this pitru paksha.
The purohits for shradhkaryas in Varanasi explained about the shradh that the fortnight of shradh is the time span when the pitras (ancestors) from our current as well as previous lives can approach the planet earth and also their descendants. In this period the dead can be feed on energies of the living on earth.
The pitras or ancestors suffer from hunger, thirst, heat, cold, fatigue and also pain as punishment according to their earlier karmic activities. In search of relief from those pain, the ancestors are attracted to their descendants who are karmic debtors to them.
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