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Susan Doris Wrote:
-------------------------------------------------------
> Thank you for another interesting post, with which
> I have no argument! However, my main OP point
> remains: there is ony one of those subjects which
> has an objective, independent method, a
> step-by-step process to follow in order to reacha
> proof ( i.e. the 99.99% type of proof) and that is
> Science. For whatever one studies in Philosophy,
> Art or Religion, there is not a similarly
> objective, step-by-step set of rules to follow.
> If aScience hypothesis includes aspects which
> cannot be directly and independently observed,
> then it cannot comply with the scientificmethod.

Ray: Sorry to take such a long time to reply. The scientific method, even the step by step version that you describe, is not restricted to science in the manner you suppose. It is open to all areas of knowledge. The advantage of the physical sciences has been one of scaling and measurement. The variables of the physical sciences can be measured in great detail and, in the past, were scalable in regular units. However, as the physical sciences have developed, new frontiers have emerged in which the variables are no longer so regular.

The field of psychology branched off from the physical sciences with completely new variables, like the JND (just noticeable difference) IQ (intelligence quotient), the SEU (subjective expected utility). The field of economics, similarly, developed ways to measure decision making using Bayesian tools of measurement (based on Bayes theorem).

The further branching off into almost every area of discourse was through the development of information theory--which reduces all variables to bits: binary units of information. This is what has allowed the scientific method to be applied most broadly.

As a scientific methodologist, I can find ways to carry out quantitative investigations in most any academic field--but I can't guarantee that the results will be interesting.

Ray

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Methods 1053 Susan Doris 16-Dec-18 12:35
Re: Methods 125 Eddie Larry 16-Dec-18 15:34
Re: Methods 117 Susan Doris 16-Dec-18 16:39
Re: Methods 121 Eddie Larry 16-Dec-18 18:15
Re: Methods 114 Itatw70s 16-Dec-18 23:59
Re: Methods 113 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 06:29
Re: Methods 119 Eddie Larry 17-Dec-18 15:31
Re: Methods 112 drrayeye 17-Dec-18 08:08
Re: Methods 114 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 08:37
Re: Methods 120 greengirl5 17-Dec-18 09:04
Re: Methods 112 Enigcom 17-Dec-18 12:13
An example 112 drrayeye 17-Dec-18 15:55
Re: An example 107 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 17:20
Re: An example 119 Itatw70s 17-Dec-18 17:57
Re: An example 111 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 07:59
If we accept academic standards, 114 drrayeye 18-Dec-18 13:28
Re: If we accept academic standards, 117 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 15:19
Re: If we accept academic standards, 105 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 16:31
Re: If we accept academic standards, 107 Enigcom 18-Dec-18 17:17
Re: If we accept academic standards, 104 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:35
Re: If we accept academic standards, 107 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:31
Re: If we accept academic standards, 107 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 18:59
Re: If we accept academic standards, 107 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 19:11
Re: If we accept academic standards, 106 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 19:56
Re: If we accept academic standards, 108 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 21:58
Re: If we accept academic standards, 117 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:12
Bee in the bonnet 119 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 07:45
Re: Bee in the bonnet 114 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 08:10
Re: If we accept academic standards, 112 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 06:33
Re: If we accept academic standards, 113 Eddie Larry 19-Dec-18 22:04
Re: If we accept academic standards, 98 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:25
Re: If we accept academic standards, 97 Eddie Larry 22-Dec-18 20:42
Real world example of the scientific method 120 drrayeye 18-Dec-18 19:04
Re: Real world example of the scientific method 118 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 19:27
Statements! 113 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 07:55
Re: If we accept academic standards, 87 drrayeye 27-Dec-18 09:42
Re: If we accept academic standards, 145 Susan Doris 27-Dec-18 13:32
Re: An example 117 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 21:38
Re: An example 106 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:16
Re: An example 108 Enigcom 18-Dec-18 17:14
Re: An example 113 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:42
Re: An example 110 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 22:07
Re: An example 111 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:20
So, try to prove art 110 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 08:00
Re: So, try to prove art 116 Itatw70s 19-Dec-18 12:52
Re: So, try to prove art 105 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:07
Re: So, try to prove art 103 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 00:18
Re: So, try to prove art 93 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 06:55
Re: An example 99 Enigcom 22-Dec-18 13:00
Re: An example 105 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:18
Re: An example 105 greengirl5 22-Dec-18 21:15
Re: An example 109 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 00:32
Re: An example 103 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 09:33
Re: An example 103 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 07:00
Communicate.... 95 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 21:35
Re: An example 103 Enigcom 23-Dec-18 19:24
Re: An example 98 Susan Doris 24-Dec-18 06:27
Happy Christmas everybody, from Australia. 106 greengirl5 24-Dec-18 11:43
a Method for the Holidays 99 drrayeye 24-Dec-18 19:18
Re: a Method for the Holidays 99 Susan Doris 25-Dec-18 06:38
Re: Methods 18 ian 77 11-Jun-19 20:13
Re: Methods 10 Susan Doris 13-Jun-19 05:12
Re: Methods 20 drew 13-Jun-19 07:49


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