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Susan Doris Wrote:
-------------------------------------------------------
> Thank you for another interesting post, with which
> I have no argument! However, my main OP point
> remains: there is ony one of those subjects which
> has an objective, independent method, a
> step-by-step process to follow in order to reacha
> proof ( i.e. the 99.99% type of proof) and that is
> Science. For whatever one studies in Philosophy,
> Art or Religion, there is not a similarly
> objective, step-by-step set of rules to follow.
> If aScience hypothesis includes aspects which
> cannot be directly and independently observed,
> then it cannot comply with the scientificmethod.

Ray: Sorry to take such a long time to reply. The scientific method, even the step by step version that you describe, is not restricted to science in the manner you suppose. It is open to all areas of knowledge. The advantage of the physical sciences has been one of scaling and measurement. The variables of the physical sciences can be measured in great detail and, in the past, were scalable in regular units. However, as the physical sciences have developed, new frontiers have emerged in which the variables are no longer so regular.

The field of psychology branched off from the physical sciences with completely new variables, like the JND (just noticeable difference) IQ (intelligence quotient), the SEU (subjective expected utility). The field of economics, similarly, developed ways to measure decision making using Bayesian tools of measurement (based on Bayes theorem).

The further branching off into almost every area of discourse was through the development of information theory--which reduces all variables to bits: binary units of information. This is what has allowed the scientific method to be applied most broadly.

As a scientific methodologist, I can find ways to carry out quantitative investigations in most any academic field--but I can't guarantee that the results will be interesting.

Ray

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Methods 1339 Susan Doris 16-Dec-18 12:35
Re: Methods 141 Eddie Larry 16-Dec-18 15:34
Re: Methods 132 Susan Doris 16-Dec-18 16:39
Re: Methods 137 Eddie Larry 16-Dec-18 18:15
Re: Methods 130 Itatw70s 16-Dec-18 23:59
Re: Methods 129 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 06:29
Re: Methods 140 Eddie Larry 17-Dec-18 15:31
Re: Methods 128 drrayeye 17-Dec-18 08:08
Re: Methods 130 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 08:37
Re: Methods 136 greengirl5 17-Dec-18 09:04
Re: Methods 130 Enigcom 17-Dec-18 12:13
An example 128 drrayeye 17-Dec-18 15:55
Re: An example 123 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 17:20
Re: An example 134 Itatw70s 17-Dec-18 17:57
Re: An example 127 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 07:59
If we accept academic standards, 133 drrayeye 18-Dec-18 13:28
Re: If we accept academic standards, 133 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 15:19
Re: If we accept academic standards, 121 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 16:31
Re: If we accept academic standards, 126 Enigcom 18-Dec-18 17:17
Re: If we accept academic standards, 120 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:35
Re: If we accept academic standards, 123 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:31
Re: If we accept academic standards, 123 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 18:59
Re: If we accept academic standards, 123 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 19:11
Re: If we accept academic standards, 122 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 19:56
Re: If we accept academic standards, 125 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 21:58
Re: If we accept academic standards, 132 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:12
Bee in the bonnet 135 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 07:45
Re: Bee in the bonnet 131 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 08:10
Re: If we accept academic standards, 127 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 06:33
Re: If we accept academic standards, 133 Eddie Larry 19-Dec-18 22:04
Re: If we accept academic standards, 115 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:25
Re: If we accept academic standards, 112 Eddie Larry 22-Dec-18 20:42
Real world example of the scientific method 137 drrayeye 18-Dec-18 19:04
Re: Real world example of the scientific method 133 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 19:27
Statements! 136 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 07:55
Re: If we accept academic standards, 103 drrayeye 27-Dec-18 09:42
Re: If we accept academic standards, 162 Susan Doris 27-Dec-18 13:32
Re: An example 133 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 21:38
Re: An example 122 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:16
Re: An example 126 Enigcom 18-Dec-18 17:14
Re: An example 128 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:42
Re: An example 125 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 22:07
Re: An example 127 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:20
So, try to prove art 126 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 08:00
Re: So, try to prove art 132 Itatw70s 19-Dec-18 12:52
Re: So, try to prove art 120 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:07
Re: So, try to prove art 118 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 00:18
Re: So, try to prove art 109 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 06:55
Re: An example 116 Enigcom 22-Dec-18 13:00
Re: An example 121 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:18
Re: An example 120 greengirl5 22-Dec-18 21:15
Re: An example 125 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 00:32
Re: An example 119 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 09:33
Re: An example 120 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 07:00
Communicate.... 112 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 21:35
Re: An example 120 Enigcom 23-Dec-18 19:24
Re: An example 113 Susan Doris 24-Dec-18 06:27
Happy Christmas everybody, from Australia. 122 greengirl5 24-Dec-18 11:43
a Method for the Holidays 114 drrayeye 24-Dec-18 19:18
Re: a Method for the Holidays 115 Susan Doris 25-Dec-18 06:38
Re: Methods 33 ian 77 11-Jun-19 20:13
Re: Methods 24 Susan Doris 13-Jun-19 05:12
Re: Methods 46 drew 13-Jun-19 07:49


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