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Susan Doris Wrote:
-------------------------------------------------------
> Thank you for another interesting post, with which
> I have no argument! However, my main OP point
> remains: there is ony one of those subjects which
> has an objective, independent method, a
> step-by-step process to follow in order to reacha
> proof ( i.e. the 99.99% type of proof) and that is
> Science. For whatever one studies in Philosophy,
> Art or Religion, there is not a similarly
> objective, step-by-step set of rules to follow.
> If aScience hypothesis includes aspects which
> cannot be directly and independently observed,
> then it cannot comply with the scientificmethod.

Ray: Sorry to take such a long time to reply. The scientific method, even the step by step version that you describe, is not restricted to science in the manner you suppose. It is open to all areas of knowledge. The advantage of the physical sciences has been one of scaling and measurement. The variables of the physical sciences can be measured in great detail and, in the past, were scalable in regular units. However, as the physical sciences have developed, new frontiers have emerged in which the variables are no longer so regular.

The field of psychology branched off from the physical sciences with completely new variables, like the JND (just noticeable difference) IQ (intelligence quotient), the SEU (subjective expected utility). The field of economics, similarly, developed ways to measure decision making using Bayesian tools of measurement (based on Bayes theorem).

The further branching off into almost every area of discourse was through the development of information theory--which reduces all variables to bits: binary units of information. This is what has allowed the scientific method to be applied most broadly.

As a scientific methodologist, I can find ways to carry out quantitative investigations in most any academic field--but I can't guarantee that the results will be interesting.

Ray

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Methods 1489 Susan Doris 16-Dec-18 12:35
Re: Methods 174 Eddie Larry 16-Dec-18 15:34
Re: Methods 166 Susan Doris 16-Dec-18 16:39
Re: Methods 173 Eddie Larry 16-Dec-18 18:15
Re: Methods 160 Itatw70s 16-Dec-18 23:59
Re: Methods 169 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 06:29
Re: Methods 176 Eddie Larry 17-Dec-18 15:31
Re: Methods 163 drrayeye 17-Dec-18 08:08
Re: Methods 160 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 08:37
Re: Methods 166 greengirl5 17-Dec-18 09:04
Re: Methods 158 Enigcom 17-Dec-18 12:13
An example 161 drrayeye 17-Dec-18 15:55
Re: An example 155 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 17:20
Re: An example 164 Itatw70s 17-Dec-18 17:57
Re: An example 156 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 07:59
If we accept academic standards, 166 drrayeye 18-Dec-18 13:28
Re: If we accept academic standards, 162 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 15:19
Re: If we accept academic standards, 153 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 16:31
Re: If we accept academic standards, 160 Enigcom 18-Dec-18 17:17
Re: If we accept academic standards, 152 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:35
Re: If we accept academic standards, 163 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:31
Re: If we accept academic standards, 156 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 18:59
Re: If we accept academic standards, 152 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 19:11
Re: If we accept academic standards, 154 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 19:56
Re: If we accept academic standards, 154 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 21:58
Re: If we accept academic standards, 162 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:12
Bee in the bonnet 164 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 07:45
Re: Bee in the bonnet 166 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 08:10
Re: If we accept academic standards, 156 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 06:33
Re: If we accept academic standards, 164 Eddie Larry 19-Dec-18 22:04
Re: If we accept academic standards, 147 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:25
Re: If we accept academic standards, 141 Eddie Larry 22-Dec-18 20:42
Real world example of the scientific method 170 drrayeye 18-Dec-18 19:04
Re: Real world example of the scientific method 162 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 19:27
Statements! 165 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 07:55
Re: If we accept academic standards, 138 drrayeye 27-Dec-18 09:42
Re: If we accept academic standards, 193 Susan Doris 27-Dec-18 13:32
Re: An example 163 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 21:38
Re: An example 153 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:16
Re: An example 158 Enigcom 18-Dec-18 17:14
Re: An example 156 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:42
Re: An example 159 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 22:07
Re: An example 161 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:20
So, try to prove art 155 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 08:00
Re: So, try to prove art 165 Itatw70s 19-Dec-18 12:52
Re: So, try to prove art 149 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:07
Re: So, try to prove art 148 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 00:18
Re: So, try to prove art 140 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 06:55
Re: An example 152 Enigcom 22-Dec-18 13:00
Re: An example 155 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:18
Re: An example 160 greengirl5 22-Dec-18 21:15
Re: An example 155 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 00:32
Re: An example 157 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 09:33
Re: An example 155 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 07:00
Communicate.... 142 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 21:35
Re: An example 151 Enigcom 23-Dec-18 19:24
Re: An example 144 Susan Doris 24-Dec-18 06:27
Happy Christmas everybody, from Australia. 150 greengirl5 24-Dec-18 11:43
a Method for the Holidays 142 drrayeye 24-Dec-18 19:18
Re: a Method for the Holidays 144 Susan Doris 25-Dec-18 06:38
Re: Methods 66 ian 77 11-Jun-19 20:13
Re: Methods 56 Susan Doris 13-Jun-19 05:12
Re: Methods 107 drew 13-Jun-19 07:49


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