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When large areas turn to deserts, like in Australia, large areas get burned like in California and South Pacific Islands drown, who cares about statements and methods?
It is the same with many other things in life. You know it by experience without the approval of a scientist.

GG.



Susan Doris Wrote:
-------------------------------------------------------
> Again - very interesting and I do not dispute any
> of what you say. I have in fact, just started
> reading
> [url=https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/alumni/news/book
> s/seven-elements-have-changed-world-iron-carbon-go
> ld-silver-uranium-titanium]this book[/url] which
> is very relevant.
> However long it has taken for the reality of
> global warning to be accepted, in the end there
> will not be a statement that it is 100% fact, but
> however close they get to that, it will be based
> on objective evidence, not on any hearsay! And I
> think you will agree with that!
>
> Susan
>
>
>
> drrayeye Wrote:
> --------------------------------------------------
> -----
> > Susan,
> >
> > There is a grain of truth in your claim--but
> only
> > a grain. The hypothetical/deductive method
> > involving formal experimental and null
> hypotheses
> > is unique to the sciences--but is rarely used
> in
> > it's pure form. Seen historically, it often
> comes
> > as a culmination of a great deal of
> foundational
> > research which refines simple observations.
> Even
> > then, certain requirements of the design may
> not
> > be met.
> >
> > A good example is global warming. As early as
> the
> > 18th century, there was speculation that the
> > burning of wood, peat, and coal could cause the
> > release of gases that could increase global
> > temperature, but there weren't enough
> observations
> > over the entire globe over a long enough period
> of
> > time to really formally test that hypothesis.
> Two
> > centuries later, we formed an international
> group
> > called the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
> > Change (IPCC) to carry out a global study
> > measuring both temperature and CO2
> concentration
> > prospectively, and earlier temperature changes
> > retrospectively--using data from tree ring
> samples
> > and ice core samples. The retrospective data,
> > imperfect as it was, clearly showed temperature
> > cycles with a sharp upward trend in recent
> times.
> > Using data from weather observation sites
> > onground, buoys at sea, and satellites in
> space,
> > we were finally able to present truly global
> > measurements for the first time that verified
> the
> > increases--including the sharp increase in
> recent
> > years. At the same time, studies of CO2
> > concentration showed similar increases.
> >
> > Unfortunately, there was no way to do a
> controlled
> > experiment to test the hypothesis that the
> > increases in CO2 caused the increases in
> > temperature. Remember, that was the original
> > hypothesis. Instead, we correlated the CO2 and
> > temperature observations with each other and
> found
> > an association that couldn't be explained by
> > chance.
> >
> > So, it was "kind of" the scientific method you
> are
> > talking about--if we just look at the most
> recent
> > studies. But the approach was by no means the
> out
> > of the box, step by step, process you describe.
>
> > Worse yet, the final association documented
> fell
> > short of the causal findings demanded by "the
> > scientific method."
> >
> > Ray

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Methods 1339 Susan Doris 16-Dec-18 12:35
Re: Methods 141 Eddie Larry 16-Dec-18 15:34
Re: Methods 132 Susan Doris 16-Dec-18 16:39
Re: Methods 137 Eddie Larry 16-Dec-18 18:15
Re: Methods 130 Itatw70s 16-Dec-18 23:59
Re: Methods 128 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 06:29
Re: Methods 140 Eddie Larry 17-Dec-18 15:31
Re: Methods 128 drrayeye 17-Dec-18 08:08
Re: Methods 130 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 08:37
Re: Methods 136 greengirl5 17-Dec-18 09:04
Re: Methods 130 Enigcom 17-Dec-18 12:13
An example 128 drrayeye 17-Dec-18 15:55
Re: An example 123 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 17:20
Re: An example 134 Itatw70s 17-Dec-18 17:57
Re: An example 127 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 07:59
If we accept academic standards, 133 drrayeye 18-Dec-18 13:28
Re: If we accept academic standards, 133 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 15:19
Re: If we accept academic standards, 121 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 16:31
Re: If we accept academic standards, 126 Enigcom 18-Dec-18 17:17
Re: If we accept academic standards, 120 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:35
Re: If we accept academic standards, 123 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:31
Re: If we accept academic standards, 123 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 18:59
Re: If we accept academic standards, 123 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 19:11
Re: If we accept academic standards, 122 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 19:56
Re: If we accept academic standards, 125 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 21:58
Re: If we accept academic standards, 132 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:12
Bee in the bonnet 135 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 07:45
Re: Bee in the bonnet 131 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 08:10
Re: If we accept academic standards, 127 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 06:33
Re: If we accept academic standards, 133 Eddie Larry 19-Dec-18 22:04
Re: If we accept academic standards, 115 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:25
Re: If we accept academic standards, 112 Eddie Larry 22-Dec-18 20:42
Real world example of the scientific method 137 drrayeye 18-Dec-18 19:04
Re: Real world example of the scientific method 133 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 19:27
Statements! 135 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 07:55
Re: If we accept academic standards, 103 drrayeye 27-Dec-18 09:42
Re: If we accept academic standards, 162 Susan Doris 27-Dec-18 13:32
Re: An example 133 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 21:38
Re: An example 122 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:16
Re: An example 126 Enigcom 18-Dec-18 17:14
Re: An example 128 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:42
Re: An example 125 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 22:07
Re: An example 127 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:20
So, try to prove art 126 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 08:00
Re: So, try to prove art 132 Itatw70s 19-Dec-18 12:52
Re: So, try to prove art 120 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:07
Re: So, try to prove art 118 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 00:18
Re: So, try to prove art 109 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 06:55
Re: An example 116 Enigcom 22-Dec-18 13:00
Re: An example 121 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:18
Re: An example 120 greengirl5 22-Dec-18 21:15
Re: An example 125 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 00:32
Re: An example 119 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 09:33
Re: An example 120 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 07:00
Communicate.... 112 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 21:35
Re: An example 120 Enigcom 23-Dec-18 19:24
Re: An example 113 Susan Doris 24-Dec-18 06:27
Happy Christmas everybody, from Australia. 122 greengirl5 24-Dec-18 11:43
a Method for the Holidays 114 drrayeye 24-Dec-18 19:18
Re: a Method for the Holidays 115 Susan Doris 25-Dec-18 06:38
Re: Methods 33 ian 77 11-Jun-19 20:13
Re: Methods 24 Susan Doris 13-Jun-19 05:12
Re: Methods 46 drew 13-Jun-19 07:49


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