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Susan,

There is a grain of truth in your claim--but only a grain. The hypothetical/deductive method involving formal experimental and null hypotheses is unique to the sciences--but is rarely used in it's pure form. Seen historically, it often comes as a culmination of a great deal of foundational research which refines simple observations. Even then, certain requirements of the design may not be met.

A good example is global warming. As early as the 18th century, there was speculation that the burning of wood, peat, and coal could cause the release of gases that could increase global temperature, but there weren't enough observations over the entire globe over a long enough period of time to really formally test that hypothesis. Two centuries later, we formed an international group called the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to carry out a global study measuring both temperature and CO2 concentration prospectively, and earlier temperature changes retrospectively--using data from tree ring samples and ice core samples. The retrospective data, imperfect as it was, clearly showed temperature cycles with a sharp upward trend in recent times. Using data from weather observation sites onground, buoys at sea, and satellites in space, we were finally able to present truly global measurements for the first time that verified the increases--including the sharp increase in recent years. At the same time, studies of CO2 concentration showed similar increases.

Unfortunately, there was no way to do a controlled experiment to test the hypothesis that the increases in CO2 caused the increases in temperature. Remember, that was the original hypothesis. Instead, we correlated the CO2 and temperature observations with each other and found an association that couldn't be explained by chance.

So, it was "kind of" the scientific method you are talking about--if we just look at the most recent studies. But the approach was by no means the out of the box, step by step, process you describe. Worse yet, the final association documented fell short of the causal findings demanded by "the scientific method."

Ray

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Methods 1380 Susan Doris 16-Dec-18 12:35
Re: Methods 143 Eddie Larry 16-Dec-18 15:34
Re: Methods 135 Susan Doris 16-Dec-18 16:39
Re: Methods 142 Eddie Larry 16-Dec-18 18:15
Re: Methods 134 Itatw70s 16-Dec-18 23:59
Re: Methods 132 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 06:29
Re: Methods 143 Eddie Larry 17-Dec-18 15:31
Re: Methods 131 drrayeye 17-Dec-18 08:08
Re: Methods 133 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 08:37
Re: Methods 140 greengirl5 17-Dec-18 09:04
Re: Methods 133 Enigcom 17-Dec-18 12:13
An example 132 drrayeye 17-Dec-18 15:55
Re: An example 125 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 17:20
Re: An example 137 Itatw70s 17-Dec-18 17:57
Re: An example 129 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 07:59
If we accept academic standards, 136 drrayeye 18-Dec-18 13:28
Re: If we accept academic standards, 136 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 15:19
Re: If we accept academic standards, 126 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 16:31
Re: If we accept academic standards, 128 Enigcom 18-Dec-18 17:17
Re: If we accept academic standards, 123 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:35
Re: If we accept academic standards, 126 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:31
Re: If we accept academic standards, 127 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 18:59
Re: If we accept academic standards, 126 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 19:11
Re: If we accept academic standards, 126 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 19:56
Re: If we accept academic standards, 127 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 21:58
Re: If we accept academic standards, 134 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:12
Bee in the bonnet 140 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 07:45
Re: Bee in the bonnet 134 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 08:10
Re: If we accept academic standards, 131 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 06:33
Re: If we accept academic standards, 136 Eddie Larry 19-Dec-18 22:04
Re: If we accept academic standards, 119 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:25
Re: If we accept academic standards, 114 Eddie Larry 22-Dec-18 20:42
Real world example of the scientific method 140 drrayeye 18-Dec-18 19:04
Re: Real world example of the scientific method 136 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 19:27
Statements! 138 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 07:55
Re: If we accept academic standards, 107 drrayeye 27-Dec-18 09:42
Re: If we accept academic standards, 166 Susan Doris 27-Dec-18 13:32
Re: An example 136 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 21:38
Re: An example 125 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:16
Re: An example 128 Enigcom 18-Dec-18 17:14
Re: An example 130 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:42
Re: An example 131 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 22:07
Re: An example 131 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:20
So, try to prove art 129 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 08:00
Re: So, try to prove art 136 Itatw70s 19-Dec-18 12:52
Re: So, try to prove art 122 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:07
Re: So, try to prove art 121 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 00:18
Re: So, try to prove art 112 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 06:55
Re: An example 120 Enigcom 22-Dec-18 13:00
Re: An example 125 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:18
Re: An example 125 greengirl5 22-Dec-18 21:15
Re: An example 129 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 00:32
Re: An example 123 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 09:33
Re: An example 123 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 07:00
Communicate.... 115 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 21:35
Re: An example 122 Enigcom 23-Dec-18 19:24
Re: An example 116 Susan Doris 24-Dec-18 06:27
Happy Christmas everybody, from Australia. 125 greengirl5 24-Dec-18 11:43
a Method for the Holidays 116 drrayeye 24-Dec-18 19:18
Re: a Method for the Holidays 118 Susan Doris 25-Dec-18 06:38
Re: Methods 35 ian 77 11-Jun-19 20:13
Re: Methods 26 Susan Doris 13-Jun-19 05:12
Re: Methods 48 drew 13-Jun-19 07:49


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