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Susan,

There is a grain of truth in your claim--but only a grain. The hypothetical/deductive method involving formal experimental and null hypotheses is unique to the sciences--but is rarely used in it's pure form. Seen historically, it often comes as a culmination of a great deal of foundational research which refines simple observations. Even then, certain requirements of the design may not be met.

A good example is global warming. As early as the 18th century, there was speculation that the burning of wood, peat, and coal could cause the release of gases that could increase global temperature, but there weren't enough observations over the entire globe over a long enough period of time to really formally test that hypothesis. Two centuries later, we formed an international group called the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to carry out a global study measuring both temperature and CO2 concentration prospectively, and earlier temperature changes retrospectively--using data from tree ring samples and ice core samples. The retrospective data, imperfect as it was, clearly showed temperature cycles with a sharp upward trend in recent times. Using data from weather observation sites onground, buoys at sea, and satellites in space, we were finally able to present truly global measurements for the first time that verified the increases--including the sharp increase in recent years. At the same time, studies of CO2 concentration showed similar increases.

Unfortunately, there was no way to do a controlled experiment to test the hypothesis that the increases in CO2 caused the increases in temperature. Remember, that was the original hypothesis. Instead, we correlated the CO2 and temperature observations with each other and found an association that couldn't be explained by chance.

So, it was "kind of" the scientific method you are talking about--if we just look at the most recent studies. But the approach was by no means the out of the box, step by step, process you describe. Worse yet, the final association documented fell short of the causal findings demanded by "the scientific method."

Ray

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Methods 897 Susan Doris 16-Dec-18 12:35
Re: Methods 100 Eddie Larry 16-Dec-18 15:34
Re: Methods 92 Susan Doris 16-Dec-18 16:39
Re: Methods 95 Eddie Larry 16-Dec-18 18:15
Re: Methods 90 Itatw70s 16-Dec-18 23:59
Re: Methods 85 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 06:29
Re: Methods 90 Eddie Larry 17-Dec-18 15:31
Re: Methods 87 drrayeye 17-Dec-18 08:08
Re: Methods 90 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 08:37
Re: Methods 95 greengirl5 17-Dec-18 09:04
Re: Methods 88 Enigcom 17-Dec-18 12:13
An example 87 drrayeye 17-Dec-18 15:55
Re: An example 83 Susan Doris 17-Dec-18 17:20
Re: An example 94 Itatw70s 17-Dec-18 17:57
Re: An example 87 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 07:59
If we accept academic standards, 87 drrayeye 18-Dec-18 13:28
Re: If we accept academic standards, 93 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 15:19
Re: If we accept academic standards, 81 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 16:31
Re: If we accept academic standards, 84 Enigcom 18-Dec-18 17:17
Re: If we accept academic standards, 80 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:35
Re: If we accept academic standards, 82 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:31
Re: If we accept academic standards, 83 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 18:59
Re: If we accept academic standards, 82 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 19:11
Re: If we accept academic standards, 81 Eddie Larry 18-Dec-18 19:56
Re: If we accept academic standards, 84 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 21:58
Re: If we accept academic standards, 93 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:12
Bee in the bonnet 95 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 07:45
Re: Bee in the bonnet 90 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 08:10
Re: If we accept academic standards, 86 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 06:33
Re: If we accept academic standards, 89 Eddie Larry 19-Dec-18 22:04
Re: If we accept academic standards, 72 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:25
Re: If we accept academic standards, 73 Eddie Larry 22-Dec-18 20:42
Real world example of the scientific method 95 drrayeye 18-Dec-18 19:04
Re: Real world example of the scientific method 94 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 19:27
Statements! 85 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 07:55
Re: If we accept academic standards, 63 drrayeye 27-Dec-18 09:42
Re: If we accept academic standards, 103 Susan Doris 27-Dec-18 13:32
Re: An example 93 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 21:38
Re: An example 82 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:16
Re: An example 84 Enigcom 18-Dec-18 17:14
Re: An example 89 Susan Doris 18-Dec-18 18:42
Re: An example 84 Itatw70s 18-Dec-18 22:07
Re: An example 86 Susan Doris 19-Dec-18 07:20
So, try to prove art 87 greengirl5 19-Dec-18 08:00
Re: So, try to prove art 91 Itatw70s 19-Dec-18 12:52
Re: So, try to prove art 80 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:07
Re: So, try to prove art 78 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 00:18
Re: So, try to prove art 69 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 06:55
Re: An example 74 Enigcom 22-Dec-18 13:00
Re: An example 80 Susan Doris 22-Dec-18 20:18
Re: An example 79 greengirl5 22-Dec-18 21:15
Re: An example 84 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 00:32
Re: An example 77 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 09:33
Re: An example 79 Susan Doris 23-Dec-18 07:00
Communicate.... 70 Itatw70s 23-Dec-18 21:35
Re: An example 76 Enigcom 23-Dec-18 19:24
Re: An example 74 Susan Doris 24-Dec-18 06:27
Happy Christmas everybody, from Australia. 79 greengirl5 24-Dec-18 11:43
a Method for the Holidays 76 drrayeye 24-Dec-18 19:18
Re: a Method for the Holidays 73 Susan Doris 25-Dec-18 06:38


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