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To quote from my own book on the subject of Ptolemy, Copernicus and Venus:

In the first century CE, Greek mathematician, astronomer, geographer,
and astrologer Ptolemy made detailed observations of the risings
and settings of Venus that are at odds with our current experience. In
support of Velikovsky’s view, a 2002 article by Hugh Thurston titled
“Unveiling Venus” seeks to resolve the seemingly untenable differences
between Ptolemy’s observations of the motions of Venus and those
known to be true today. He writes, “Several writers have suggested that
Ptolemy adjusted (or even fabricated) his observations [of Venus]. In
particular, Swerdlow wrote that Ptolemy ‘could not have observed some
of the reported elongations’ (he certainly could not have observed two
MMEs [maximum mean elongations] 37 days apart).”

Dennis W. Duke, a professor of physics at Florida State University,
writes in a 2002 article titled “The Ancient Values of the Planetary
Parameters of Venus and Mercury,” “It is certainly the case that for
Venus, and only for Venus, Ptolemy presents an analysis that . . . needs
to be resolved.”

As late as the early 1500s, significant differences are noted in the
astronomic observations of Venus, even when given by well-respected
astronomic luminaries of the day. For example, it is reported that
Copernicus, who famously established the heliocentric model of the
solar system, calculated the sidereal period of Venus to be nine months
(270 days) instead of seven and one-half months (225 days). Such errors,
which are often seen by modern astronomers to be inexplicable, might
make sense if Velikovsky’s view that Venus was out of its orbit were
true.

As we might also expect based on Velikovsky’s scenario in which the
orbit of Venus may have been in flux, there are also significant contradic-
tions to be found between Ptolemy’s observations of Venus in the first
century CE and those of Copernicus fourteen centuries later. Venus, as a
planet that reflects the light of the sun that is shone on it, moves through
apparent phases when viewed from Earth, similar to the familiar phases
of the moon. Such phases could appear significantly different to us for
different bodies, depending on the specific relationship of that body in
space to Earth and the sun. Both Ptolemy and Copernicus produced
drawings that purported to diagram or predict the various phases of
Venus. However, Lewis A. Riley, a professor in the Department of Physics
and Astronomy at Ursinus College, wrote in 2004:

"The phase of a planet or moon depends on its position relative both
to the Sun and the observer. Hence, any model of the solar system
can be used to make predictions regarding the phases of the planets
and moons. From our perspective on Earth, Mercury and Venus are
inner planets. That is, they are closer to the Sun than we are. The
Ptolemaic and Copernican models of the solar system make different
and incompatible predictions regarding the phases of the inner
planets viewed from Earth. Hence, observations of the phases of the
inner planets lead us to reject one or both of these models."


- Laird



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 31-Oct-15 04:00 by Laird Scranton.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 2037 Laird Scranton 28-Oct-15 23:02
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 482 OCaptain 28-Oct-15 23:09
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 335 carolb 28-Oct-15 23:12
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 460 Laird Scranton 28-Oct-15 23:51
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 333 Laird Scranton 28-Oct-15 23:42
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 323 carolb 28-Oct-15 23:49
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 315 Laird Scranton 29-Oct-15 00:42
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 369 laughin 29-Oct-15 16:29
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 367 Starbinder 29-Oct-15 17:42
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 307 OCaptain 29-Oct-15 18:08
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 275 laughin 29-Oct-15 18:49
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 291 OCaptain 29-Oct-15 23:13
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 297 laughin 31-Oct-15 15:26
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 331 drrayeye 31-Oct-15 16:49
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 254 OCaptain 31-Oct-15 16:58
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 265 laughin 31-Oct-15 18:24
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 261 OCaptain 31-Oct-15 19:07
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 291 laughin 01-Nov-15 03:12
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 307 Laird Scranton 01-Nov-15 05:37
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 343 laughin 01-Nov-15 16:16
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 248 Laird Scranton 01-Nov-15 16:31
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 273 Aine 30-Oct-15 14:06
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 258 laughin 30-Oct-15 14:53
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 346 Aine 30-Oct-15 15:35
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 270 carolb 30-Oct-15 15:36
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 280 laughin 30-Oct-15 18:55
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 303 Laird Scranton 30-Oct-15 16:44
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 353 Aine 30-Oct-15 17:04
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 304 carolb 30-Oct-15 17:21
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 229 Laird Scranton 30-Oct-15 18:47
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 281 laughin 30-Oct-15 18:44
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 283 Laird Scranton 29-Oct-15 19:46
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 287 laughin 29-Oct-15 20:48
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 278 Laird Scranton 29-Oct-15 22:07
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 282 carolb 29-Oct-15 22:24
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 287 Starbinder 30-Oct-15 00:46
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 274 Laird Scranton 30-Oct-15 01:01
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 378 Aine 30-Oct-15 14:11
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 276 Laird Scranton 30-Oct-15 15:42
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 417 carolb 30-Oct-15 16:32
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 252 Laird Scranton 30-Oct-15 16:51
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 281 carolb 30-Oct-15 16:57
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 250 Laird Scranton 30-Oct-15 17:02
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 360 carolb 30-Oct-15 17:20
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 242 OCaptain 30-Oct-15 20:07
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 226 Laird Scranton 30-Oct-15 20:37
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 327 OCaptain 31-Oct-15 00:51
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 238 OCaptain 30-Oct-15 20:06
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 283 Laird Scranton 30-Oct-15 20:34
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 339 carolb 30-Oct-15 20:47
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 230 Laird Scranton 30-Oct-15 21:09
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 258 carolb 30-Oct-15 23:23
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 255 Laird Scranton 31-Oct-15 00:49
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 255 carolb 31-Oct-15 01:01
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 222 Laird Scranton 31-Oct-15 01:10
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 368 carolb 31-Oct-15 01:38
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 229 Laird Scranton 31-Oct-15 02:56
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 258 Laird Scranton 31-Oct-15 03:58
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 339 carolb 31-Oct-15 12:01
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 239 Laird Scranton 31-Oct-15 15:19
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 231 Laird Scranton 31-Oct-15 15:47
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 286 Laird Scranton 31-Oct-15 16:02
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 268 Laird Scranton 31-Oct-15 18:26
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 298 Laird Scranton 31-Oct-15 21:48
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 238 Laird Scranton 01-Nov-15 00:27
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 252 carolb 01-Nov-15 01:00
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 257 Laird Scranton 01-Nov-15 01:36
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 306 skakos 03-Nov-15 09:51
Conspiracy... 247 skakos 03-Nov-15 11:19
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 229 OCaptain 30-Oct-15 20:02
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 334 Laird Scranton 30-Oct-15 20:30
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 220 OCaptain 31-Oct-15 00:56
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 264 Laird Scranton 31-Oct-15 02:04
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 243 OCaptain 31-Oct-15 12:14
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 256 Laird Scranton 31-Oct-15 15:41
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 199 OCaptain 31-Oct-15 20:03
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 248 Laird Scranton 31-Oct-15 21:26
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 252 OCaptain 01-Nov-15 12:10
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 261 drrayeye 01-Nov-15 13:50
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 285 carolb 01-Nov-15 15:11
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 262 drrayeye 01-Nov-15 16:52
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 262 Laird Scranton 01-Nov-15 16:56
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 299 carolb 01-Nov-15 17:14
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 237 Laird Scranton 01-Nov-15 18:27
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 244 drrayeye 01-Nov-15 21:57
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 215 Laird Scranton 01-Nov-15 16:03
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 261 OCaptain 01-Nov-15 19:35
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 351 Laird Scranton 01-Nov-15 20:34
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 258 Starbinder 30-Oct-15 19:27
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 311 carolb 30-Oct-15 20:01
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 232 laughin 30-Oct-15 20:17
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 274 Starbinder 30-Oct-15 20:24
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 305 carolb 30-Oct-15 20:46
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 309 Starbinder 30-Oct-15 21:14
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 259 carolb 30-Oct-15 23:11
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 238 Starbinder 31-Oct-15 01:05
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 255 Starbinder 02-Nov-15 19:40
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 281 carolb 02-Nov-15 21:21
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 247 Starbinder 06-Nov-15 14:53
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 407 carolb 06-Nov-15 15:16
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 241 Starbinder 06-Nov-15 18:50
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 253 carolb 06-Nov-15 20:10
What about scientism? 292 drrayeye 07-Nov-15 08:19
Re: What about scientism? 274 carolb 07-Nov-15 12:59
Re: What about scientism? 318 OCaptain 07-Nov-15 13:55
Re: What about scientism? 372 carolb 07-Nov-15 17:37
Re: What about scientism? 286 drrayeye 07-Nov-15 19:55
"Blue sky thinking" 279 randompHactor 07-Nov-15 20:15
Re: What about scientism? 270 carolb 07-Nov-15 20:41
Re: What about scientism? 261 drrayeye 07-Nov-15 23:36
Re: What about scientism? 256 carolb 07-Nov-15 23:45
Re: What about scientism? 293 laughin 09-Nov-15 02:51
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 390 laughin 30-Oct-15 15:03
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 353 OCaptain 29-Oct-15 23:20
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 521 Laird Scranton 29-Oct-15 23:51
SUMMARY? 264 skakos 02-Nov-15 21:33
Mod Note > skakos – Switch View 284 Dr. Troglodyte 02-Nov-15 22:33
Re: SUMMARY? 375 Laird Scranton 02-Nov-15 23:22
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 386 Laird Scranton 29-Oct-15 19:32
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 235 Laird Scranton 02-Nov-15 16:53
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 364 drrayeye 02-Nov-15 19:52
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 200 Laird Scranton 02-Nov-15 21:02
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 318 Laird Scranton 03-Nov-15 14:44
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 210 drrayeye 03-Nov-15 16:09
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 251 OCaptain 03-Nov-15 18:32
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 246 Laird Scranton 03-Nov-15 18:46
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 390 laughin 03-Nov-15 19:28
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 222 laughin 03-Nov-15 19:02
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 270 Laird Scranton 03-Nov-15 21:02
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 241 Laird Scranton 03-Nov-15 04:58
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 265 Ratcho 03-Nov-15 06:18
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 235 Laird Scranton 03-Nov-15 14:30
Regarding myths... 246 skakos 03-Nov-15 11:46
Re: Regarding myths... 236 Laird Scranton 03-Nov-15 17:00
Re: off topic... 218 Ratcho 03-Nov-15 20:15
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 313 skakos 04-Nov-15 13:28
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 260 skakos 04-Nov-15 15:07
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 235 skakos 04-Nov-15 15:11
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 810 skakos 04-Nov-15 22:22
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 370 Laird Scranton 05-Nov-15 01:11
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 254 skakos 05-Nov-15 14:10
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 257 Laird Scranton 05-Nov-15 14:23
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 352 skakos 05-Nov-15 19:32
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 247 Laird Scranton 05-Nov-15 19:42
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 344 Laird Scranton 04-Nov-15 21:23
Cosmic Disconnect 266 laughin 06-Nov-15 15:00
Re: Cosmic Disconnect 222 OCaptain 07-Nov-15 13:49
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 426 skakos 16-Nov-15 12:46
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 338 OCaptain 16-Nov-15 13:54
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 383 skakos 16-Nov-15 15:36
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 442 OCaptain 17-Nov-15 01:23
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 376 skakos 18-Nov-15 18:32
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 384 Ratcho 18-Nov-15 18:45
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 328 OCaptain 19-Nov-15 00:49
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 407 skakos 19-Nov-15 07:24
Re: More comet evidence in support of Velikovsky 553 skakos 27-Dec-15 22:04


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