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MKULTRA Related Research - people and places
Anxiety interferes with memory, that's known.

Involved Hospitals, Universities, and Government Facilities
Connected Individuals
FMSF Advisory Board Member Cross-Reference

The lists on this web page were compiled from Bluebird: Deliberate Creation of Multiple Personality By Psychiatrists by Dr. Colin Ross.

The following books also provide pertinent information

Constantine, Alex. Psychic Dictatorship in the USA. Venice, CA: Feral House, 1995.

Constantine, Alex. Virtual Government: CIA Mind Control Operations in America. Venice, CA: Feral House, 1997.

Emery, Carla. Secret, Don't Tell: The Encyclopedia of Hypnotism. Acorn Hill Publishing, 1998.

Rutz, Carol. A Nation Betrayed: The Chilling True Story of Secret Cold War Experiments Performed on Our Children and Other Innocent People. Grass Lake, MI: Fidelity Publishing, 2001.

Thomas, Gordon. Journey Into Madness: The True Story of Secret CIA Mind Control and Medical Abuse. New York: Bantam Books, 1989.

Thomas, Gordon. Mindfield: The CIA and Its Secret Experiments with Germ Warfare -- America's Great State Secret. Self-published. 2001.

Also see CIA Use of Nazi Research at []

Involved Hospitals, Universities and Government Facilities
The following list is of hospitals, universities, and other facilities and organizations that were, in some way, involved in the hosting, funding, and/or enactment of government-sanctioned human experimentation in the past. This list is not intended to implicate any organizations or individuals connected to them, who neither condoned nor participated in harmful human research.

Aero Medical Laboratory, Directorate of Research, Wright-Patterson
Air Force Base, Ohio

Air Force 657 1st Aeromedical Research Laboratory

Allan Memorial Institute, Canada

American Psychological Association

Boston University School of Medicine, Massachusetts

Army Chemical Corps

Canada’s Defense Research Board

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

Children’s International Summer Villages, Inc., Maine

Clifton Hospital, York, England

Columbia University

Commission on Viral Infections, Armed Forces Epidemiological Board,
Office of the Surgeon General

Cornell University, Cornell Medical Human Ecology Program

Creedmore State Hospital, Children’s Unit, Queen’s Village, New York

Dugway Proving Ground, Utah

Edgeware Arsenal

Edgewood Arsenal, Edgewood, Maryland

Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia

Florida State University

Fort Benning, Georgia

Fort Sam Houston

Georgetown University Hospital, Washington DC

George Washington University

Geschickter Foundation

Geschickter Fund for Medical Research

Hanford Nuclear Facility, Richmond, Washington

Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts

Hollywood Hospital, Vancouver, Canada

House of the Good Shepherd, New York

Human Ecology Foundation

Ionia State Hospital

Johns Hopkins University

Leler University of Georgia

Los Alamos

Louisiana State Penitentiary

Marlborough day hospital, Wiltshire, England

Massachusetts General Hospital

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

McGill University, Department of Psychiatry, Canada

J. P. Morgan and Co., Inc.

Montana State University

Montreal Neurological Institute, Canada


New Jersey Neuropsychiatric Institute, Bureau of Neurology and

New Jersey Neuropsychiatric Institute, Clinical Investigative Unit of the
Bureau of Research

New Jersey Reformatory at Bordentown

New York State Department of Mental Hygiene

New York State Psychiatric Institute

New York University, New York

New York University School of Medicine Committee on Human

Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Oak Ridge, Tennessee

Office of Naval Research

Ohio State Penitentiary at Columbus

Penetang Psychiatric Hospital, Oak Ridge Division, Penetanguishene,
Ontario, Canada

Powick Hospital, Malvern, Worcestershire, England

Public Health Service

Rand Corporation

Roffey Park, Lincolnshire, England

Rome State School, Rome, New York

Scottish Rite Foundation

Scottish Rite Foundation Schizophrenia Research Foundation

Scottish Rite Research Committee

Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology

Seventh Day Adventist Church

Stanford Research Institute (SRI)

Stanford University

St. John’s Orphan Asylum, New York

Texas Research Institute of Mental Sciences (TRIMS), Houston, Texas

Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana

UCLA Violence Project

University of Denver, Colorado

University of Illinois

University of Indiana

University of Maryland

University of Minnesota, Department of Psychiatry

University of Oklahoma, Department of Psychiatry

University of Pennsylvania

University of Rochester, New York

University of Texas

U.S. Air Force

U.S. Army

U.S. Army Chemical Research and Development Laboratory,
Edgeware Arsenal

U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command

U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases,
Fort Detrick, Fredrick, Maryland

U.S. Army Special Operations Division, Fort Detrick, Maryland

U.S. Department of Defense

U.S. Department of Energy

U.S. Federal Penitentiary, Atlanta, Georgia

U.S. Navy

Utica Community Chest, Utica, New York

Vacaville State Prison

Vanderbilt University, Tennessee

Walter Reed Army Medical Center

Wayne State University College of Medicine, Lafayette Clinic,
Detroit, Michigan

Willowbrook State School, New York

Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology, Shrewsbury,

Worcester State Hospital

Yale University

Connected Individuals
The next list is of individuals who are documented to have either participated in or supported human experimentation, or to have worked closely in the past with those who did. The descriptions of any positions or affiliations are of those that were held in the past; they may not apply now.

Several of the listed individuals have openly testified about their past involvement in human experimentation; many others still refuse to acknowledge their connections. Some of the researchers who administered biochemical agents to subjects also administered it to themselves. Not all human experimentation was harmful to participants.

This list is not intended to incriminate any innocents who may be named along with perpetrators of civil rights violations. It is for educational purposes, only. Some of the named individuals who worked closely with government contractors may not have been directly involved in human experimentation.

Member of the FMSF's Scientific and Professional Advisory Board
# = 1995
+ = 2002

Harold Abramson, M.D., MKULTRA contractor

Dr. William Ross Adey, brain electrode researcher

Erik Allardt, University of Helsinki, MKULTRA contractor

Dr. A. Ames, contractor to Office of Naval Research, created the
Ames leaf room

James A. Anderson

James Angleton, Chief of Counterintelligence Staff, CIA

William Sinclair Augerson, M.D., Commander of the US Army
Medical Research and Development Command

Dr. Hassan Azima, psychiatrist at Allan Memorial Institute

Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Bahlin, Office of the Assistant
Secretary of Defense (Research and Development)

Dr. Maitland Baldwin, neurosurgeon, MKULTRA contractor,
MKSEARCH contractor

Dr. Elliott T. Barker, President of the Canadian Society for the
Prevention of Cruelty to Children

Gregory Bateson, anthropologist, Mead’s husband, funded by the

Dr. Lauretta Bender, child psychiatrist

Eva Bene, Ph.D.

Edward Bennett, University of Houston, MKULTRA contractor

Sandor Borsiczy, M.D.

Dr. Neil Burch, CIA contractor and co-author with West, Director
of the Research Division of the Texas Research Institute of
Mental Sciences, co-author with Heath

Burton, W. D., co-author with Burch, Saltzberg, etc.

Sister Callista, Utica Community Chest

Dr. Ewen Cameron, McGill University, Canada, CIA MKULTRA

Emily Farrell Carota, wife and co-author of Martin Orne

John Carrol, Harvard University, MKULTRA contractor

Dr. James Cattell

Dr. Cholden

Dr. Cleghorn, associate of Cameron and Azima

Dr. Sidney Cohen

William Boyd Cook, MKULTRA contractor

Robert Cormack, Children’s International Summer Villages Inc.,
MKULTRA contractor

Cramer, colleague of Azima

Melvin DeFleur, University of Indiana, MKULTRA contractor

Dr. Jose Delgado, neurosurgeon, professor at Yale

E. W. Demarr

A. J. Derbyshire, Director of the Utica Community Chest

George Devereux, Ph.D.

Dr. Bruce Dill, Director of Medical Research at the US Army
Chemical Research and Development Laboratory, Edgeware Arsenal

#+David F. Dinges, Ph.D., co-author with Orne. Associate Professor
of Psychology, Department of Psychiatry; Chief, Division of Sleep
and Chronobiology in the Department of Psychiatry, Cardiopulmonary
Disorders During Sleep; and Director of the Unit for Experimental
Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania as of 2002

Kenneth R. Dirks, M.D., Brigadier General, MC, Assistant Surgeon
General for Research and Development

Dr. Keith S. Dittman, Research Psychiatrist, UCLA Neuropsychiatric
Institute, UCLA Department of Psychiatry

Allen Dulles, Director, CIA

Brigadier General Don D. Elickinger, ARDC, U.S. Air Force

Dr. Joel Elkes, Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry at
Johns Hopkins University

Dr. George H. Estabrooks, has acknowledged "the building of
Manchurian Candidates," associate of Martin Orne

W. J. Estelle, Jr., Director of Texas Department of Corrections

Frank R. Ervin, M.D., psychiatrist, Director of Stanley Coob
Laboratories for Psychiatric Research, Harvard Medical School

F. J. Evans, co-author with Martin Orne

Dr. H. J. Eysenck, MKULTRA subcontractor

Dr. Fenimore, TRIMS


#+Dr. Fred Frankel, MbChb, DPM., co-author with Martin Orne,
Harvard University Medical School as of 2002

Dr. Daniel X. Freedman

Dr. Frank Fremont-Smith

Dr. Peter Freyd, husband of Pamela Freyd (FMSF's Executive

Charles Fritz, University of Florida, National Research Council,
MKULTRA contractor


Dr. Charles Geschickter, MKULTRA contractor, MKSEARCH contractor

Dr. John Gittinger, lead psychologist for CIA’s MKULTRA

Dr. Jacques S. Gottlieb, psychiatrist

Sydney Gottlieb, Chief of Medical Staff, Technical Services Division,

William J. Grace, M.D.

Dr. Wilson Greene, Technical Director, Chemical Corps, Chemical
and Radiological Laboratories, Army Chemical Center

Dr. Robert D. Hall, Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology

Dr. James Hamilton, Vacaville State Prison, CIA MKSEARCH
contractor, MKULTRA contractor, associate of Mead

Dr. P. L. Harriman, U. S. military psychiatrist, "experiments done
to create multiple personality"

Dr. Robert G. Heath, Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry
and Neurology, Tulane University

Dr. Donald Hebb, Head of the Department of Psychology at McGill

Dr. Carl Heller

William Hermann, Westbrook’s control officer, Stanford Research
Institute, Rand Corporation

Lawrence Hinkle, Human Ecology Foundation Director, co-author
with Gittinger

Dr. Hudson Hoagland, Ph.D., Executive Director, Worcester
Foundation for Experimental Biology

Dr. Paul Hoch, psychiatrist

Harold Hodge, MKULTRA contractor

Dr. Abram Hoffer, associate of Osmond

J. Edgar Hoover, FBI Director

Aldous Huxley, author, associate of Estabrooks

Dr. Robert Hyde, MKULTRA contractor, associate of Hoaglund

Dr. Gilbert Jensen

Harris Isbell, MKULTRA contractor

Dr. Franz Kallman (eugenics expert)

Dr. A. Herbert Kanter

Dr. George Kelley, MKULTRA contractor

Dr. Seymour S. Kety, Chairman of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins

Dr. Ari Kiev

#John Kihlstrom, Ph.D., co-author of Martin Orne

Clyde Kluckholm, anthropologist, associate of Mead

Andrew G. Knapp

A. B. Kristofferson, Children’s International Summer Villages, Inc., M
KULTRA contractor

Dr. Saul Krugman

Kurt Lang, Queen’s College, MKULTRA contractor

Dr. Robert Lashbrook, physician, CIA

Kurt Lewin, associate of Mead

Dr. William T. Lhamon, associate of Burch

#+Harold Lief, M.D., coauthor with Dr. Heath, psychiatrist for
Dr. Peter Freyd (Pamela’s husband), founder of the Center for
the Study of Sex Education in Medicine. Professor emeritus at
the University of Pennsylvania as of 2002

Dr. Robert Lifton, psychiatrist

Dr. John Lilly (LSD, dolphins, flotation tanks)

Dr. Ogden R. Lindsley

Dr. Morris A. Lipton

Stanley Lovell, OSS


Dr. William Malamud, Medical Research Director of the Scottish
Rite Foundation

Dr. Vernon Mark, co-author with Delgado

Dr. Amedeo Marrazzi

Edwin May

#+Paul McHugh, M.D., Department of Psychiatry. Began teaching
at Cornell in 1964, "where he founded the Bourne Behavioral
Research Laboratory." Phipps Professor of Psychiatry at Johns
Hopkins University as of 2002.

Margaret Mead, anthropologist, funded by and did work for the
OSS/CIA, colleague of Cameron and Wittkower

Richard Meisch, M.D., co-author with Marrazzi

Rhoda Metraux, associate of Mead, co-author with Gittinger
and Wolff

Marvin Minsky

Juhani Mirvas, University of Helsinki, MKULTRA contractor

James Moore, chemistry professor, MKULTRA contractor

Dr. Thelma Moss, Assistant Professor, UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute

John Mulholland, magician, CIA MKULTRA contractor

Robert C. Murphy

William Malamud, M.D., co-author with Overholser

H. B. Murphree

Maria H. Nagy, Ph.D.

#+Ulric Neisser, Ph.D., N.A.S., associate of Shor. Teacher in the
psychology department at Cornell University as of 2002

#+Richard J. Ofshe, Ph.D., coauthor with Singer, professor
at the University of California, Berkeley as of 2002

Thomas J. O’Grady

#+Emily Carota Orne, B.A. (see Emily Carota). Co-director of
the Unit for Experimental Psychiatry and research associate of
Psychology in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of
Pennsylvania School of Medicine as of 2002

#Martin Orne, M.D., Ph.D., Institute for Experimental Psychiatry
(founder), Institute of the Pennsylvania Hospital, master hypnotist,
CIA MKULTRA contractor, deceased

Charles Osgood, University of Illinois, MKULTRA contractor

Humphry Osmond

Dr. Winfred Overholser, Sr., "in the center of" the OSS mind
control network," Chairman of the Scottish Rite Research

Dr. Talcott Parsons, associate of Mead, Army Intelligence
and State Department, recruited Nazis for the US Government

Godfrey D. Pearlson, M.D., Professor of Psychiatry and Mental
Hygiene, Director, Division of Neuroimaging, Johns Hopkins School
of Medicine

T. T. Peck, Jr.

Dr. Wilder Penfield, neurosurgeon at McGill, associate of Baldwin

#+Michael A. Persinger, Ph.D., Laurentian University (Ontario,
Canada) as of 2002

William L. Pew, M.D., co-author with Marrazzi

Dr. Carl Pfieffer, New Jersey Neuropsychiatric Institute, MKULTRA
contractor, MKSEARCH contractor

Captain Clifford P. Phoebus, Chief, Biological Services Division,
Office of Naval Research

#+August Piper, M.D., associate of McHugh. Private practice of
psychiatry in Seattle, Washington, writes a semi-monthly column
for the FMSF newsletter as of 2002

Dr. Seymour Pollack

Dr. Raymond Prince, psychiatrist at McGill, self-identified CIA
MKULTRA contractor

Hal Puthoff

Ronald Reagan, former President, befriended by L. J. West,
personally approved West’s UCLA Violence Project

C. H. Van Rhijn

Dr. Ernst Rodin, neurologist

Carl Rogers, Ph.D., a Director of the Society for the Investigation
of Human Ecology, MKULTRA contractor

Bernard Saltzberg, Ph.D.

Ronald Sandison

#+Theodore Sarbin, Ph.D., co-author with West. "Much of Dr.
Sarbin's work has involved hypnosis, for which he has received
awards from the International society for Professional Hypnosis,
the Society of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, and the
American Psychological Assocation." Professor of psychology
and criminology at the University of California, Santa Cruz as of 2002

Dr. William Sargant, British authority on brainwashing

Dr. Sarwer-Foner, colleague of Azima

David Saunders, MKULTRA contractor

Charles Savage

Dr. Daniel Schachter, Harvard

Edgar Schein

Joseph Schoolar, Ph.D., M.D., Director of TRIMS

Jay Schulman, M.A., MKULTRA contractor

Dr. John Schwab, founder of the Special Operations Division at
Fort Detrick, Maryland

Alden Sears, MKULTRA contractor

Saul Sells, Texas Christian University, MKULTRA contractor

Muzafer Sherif, University of Oklahoma, MKULTRA contractor

Ronald E. Shor, Ph.D.

#+Margaret Thaler Singer, Ph.D., psychiatrist, long-term associate
of West and Orne. Adjunct professor emeritus of psychology at the
University of California in Berkeley as of 2002

Dr. C. Smith

Dr. Robert Smith, TRIMS

John R. Smythies, Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology,
associate of Pfeiffer

O. M. Solandt, Chairman of Canada’s Defense Research Board

Richard M. Stephenson, Ph.D.

H. A. M. Struik, MKULTRA contractor

Dr. William Sweet, neurosurgeon, co-author with Delgado

Russell Targ

William N. Thetford, Ph.D., co-author with Gittinger, MKULTRA contractor

Dr. James Tyhurst, Allan Memorial Institute, Hollywood Hospital in

George Wasson, MKULTRA contractor

Professor George Wendt

Dr. Sidney L. Werkman, associate of Wolff

#Louis Jolyon West, M.D., Professor and Head of University of
Oklahoma’s Department of Psychiatry, Director of UCLA,
Neuropsychiatric Institute, MKULTRA contractor (deceased)

Colton Westbrook, CIA, Vacaville State Prison

George White, OSS/CIA officer, MKULTRA contractor

Dr. John Clare Whitehorn, Chairman of the Department of
Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University, Director of the Human
Ecology Foundation (CIA)

Dr. Eric Wittkower, McGill, co-author with Azima

Dr. Harold Wolff, Professor of Medicine, Cornell University,
MKULTRA contractor

Dr. Herbert Zimmer

Leonard M. Zunin, Assistant Chief, Neuropsychiatry, Naval
Hospital, Camp Pendelton, California

Quotes are from the FMSF Scientific and Professional Advisory Board - Profiles web page retrieved in July, 2002.

Top of Page

FMSF Advisory Board Members Employed (as of July, 2002) by Above-listed Universities and Hospitals
Aaron T. Beck, M.D, D.M.S. - University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia

David F. Dinges, Ph.D. - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

Fred H. Frankel, MbCHb, DPM - Harvard University Medical School, MA

George K. Ganaway, M.D. - Emory University, Atlanta, GA

Henry Gleitman, Ph.D. - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

Lila Gleitman, Ph.D. - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

Ernest R. Hilgard, Ph.D., N.A.S. - Stanford University, CA

John Hochman, M.D. - UCLA Medical School, Los Angeles, CA

Philip S. Holzman, Ph.D. - Harvard University, MA

Harold I. Lief, M.D. - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

Paul R. McHugh, M.D. - Johns Hopkins University, MD

Ulric Neisser, Ph.D., N.A.S. - Cornell University, NY

Emily Carota Orne - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

Harrison Pope, Jr., M.D. - Harvard Medical School, MA

As of 7/02, a minimum of 29% of the advisory board members are employed by universities and hospitals that, according to CIA records, have been involved in covert human experimentation. Other members of the board have been been employed in the past, and there may be other "involved" facilities that we do not have records of.

Of the 14 members who worked at these universities and hospitals as of 7/02, 43% were employed by the University of Pennsylvania and 21% were employed by Harvard University. Pamela Freyd claimed that the University of Pennsylvania and Johns Hopkins were instrumental in the formation of the FMSF. Dr. Paul McHugh's employment at Johns Hopkins is significant, because he may have been instrumental in recruiting that university's initial support in creating the FMSF.

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