By Christopher Jenvey
Chapter 1. What did they do with it?
At the end of Robert Bauvals enlightening book “Secret Chamber” is the following paragraph -
“….. Originally the Great Pyramid of Khufu had its capstone in place. It was gold-plated and on each of its four sides a blue eye of Horus was painted. When the Sun struck the pyramid, a beam of light was reflected from this golden blue eye that could be seen for miles around. As the epoch/6th dynasty age of Egypt came to a close, the priesthood removed the capstone and buried it secretly. No one knows where. But according to the story, it will one day be rediscovered and will be replaced on top of the pyramid. When that day comes, a ‘new order of the ages’ will be established, which will correspond to a general spiritual reawakening. It is just a story…..”
Jeremy Naydler ‘Temple of the Cosmos’ from Robert Bauvals Secret Chamber.
Is it just a story? I for one don’t think so and this essay is about expounding a cogent theory to come up with a solution to the problem of the whereabouts of this fabled stone. If indeed it was buried then it was meant to found and brought into the light once more.
The pyramids of Giza are a truly stunning showcase of engineering, architecture, logistics and political control by the people who designed and executed a plan to erect these huge buildings. Modern engineers have been humbled by the logistics involved in raising some of the heavier blocks to heights of 200ft or more. The fact is though that the granite blocks used to line the Kings chamber, weighing tens of tons were quarried in Aswan, transported to Giza and put in place with a precision that couldn’t be bettered with today’s technology. Resting on top of some 6 million tons of finely worked stone would have been the Benben, perhaps 5 royal cubits of 20.63 modern inches high (approx 8 ½ ft) with a base width of 8 royal cubits (nearly 14 ft). In terms of royal cubits the 8:5 ratio is known as the “Golden Mean”. This has significance outside the scope of this essay. The GP is effectively the world’s largest plinth, for the apex was no doubt made of some very precious material. Possibly it was a meteorite covered with gold and inlaid with a blue gemstone. The point is that if they got it to the top, then they could get it down again, using whatever method or technology that they did.
“A problem which has faced all students of the Pyramid is that of the missing tip. At least two thousand years ago travelers reported that the last few stone courses below the summit were not in place. Davidson considered on theological and mathematical grounds that the Pyramid was never completed. A survey of the Pyramid’s measurements, however, leads to a different conclusion: the last few feet were, in fact, built, but in a material so precious that it was removed at an early date, long before the white marble facing of the lower part of the Pyramid was stripped to provide stone for Cairo” – John Michell “The View Over Atlantis”.
In the Cairo Museum (a must see for all travelers to Egypt), in remarkably good condition considering all that has happened to it, is a fine example of a pyramidion or Benben. Beautifully inscribed, in highly polished black granite, it comes from the pyramid of Ammenenhat III (12th dynasty) at Dashur. No doubt all pyramids in their finery had their capstones in place.
The control over the populous of the time of construction must have total. The length of time of construction and the sheer effort required in terms of brute force and accuracy in finishing and placing the stones made this point a prerequisite. However it can’t have been all plain sailing, all of the time for the pharaohs. As Piazzi Smyth wrote in “Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid” – “According to Herodotus, Manetho, and other ancient authorities, the Egyptians hated, and yet implicitly obeyed, the mysterious, and coercive though non-military, power that made them work on the Great Pyramid”.
The power exercised by the ruling elite over the people of Old Kingdom Egypt being what it was, it would have been relatively easy for the keepers of the GP, be they initiates of the mystery schools of Heliopolis, to conduct certain matters in secret and for it to percolate down through history in the form of myth and fable.
Something must have upset the status quo of the time. Egyptologists talk of the first intermediate period, when there was a severe break down in law and order. Could the lead up to this period have so frightened the keepers of the GP that they thought it necessary to preserve whatever it was that sat atop the tallest structure in the world? If the power exercised over the people was non-military then the keepers, fearing the excess’s of mob violence, pursued the only logical course of action and hid the Benben. Being of course supremely clever and foresightful they had to find a place to hide it such that it would be safe from the ravages of the mob. It is quite reasonable to assume that the glorious treasures of the Pharoahs of the preceding dynasties had already suffered at the hands of adventurous thieves and despoilers. Indeed precious little of it has survived to the present day. Only Tutankhamun’s funerary goods escaped their attentions. The keepers must have reasoned that burial in a cave or tunnel dug into a hillside would not suffice. We know this to be true from the example of the Valley of Kings. It also had to be placed in such a location that even knowing its whereabouts would not be sufficient, as it would be beyond the technological means of the time to retrieve it. Such an example would be to drop it into the mouth of an active volcano. However this is unlikely to have happened, as it would have destroyed the object. The bottom of the ocean would do but then it could easily be lost forever. A swampy, muddy, lake in a remote jungle location would be my pick. It had to be hidden in such a way that even the complete eradication of the society and knowledge of the time would not prevent the clues to its whereabouts being interpreted from across vast eons of time. It is only recently that such clues have been revealed by the ground breaking work of Hancock and Bauval. It has taken some 4000 years of technological development before these clues could once again be read.
Chapter 2. The Clues.
Clue 1. Earth Commensurateness.
Are the dimensions, measurements and ratios contained in the Great Pyramid earth commensurate? Many hours of painstaking measurements and analysis have been performed by a number of eminent scholars in order to answer this question. Their work has been summarized by several authors.
The edges and faces of the Giza pyramids are all aligned with amazing accuracy to the cardinal points of direction north, south, east and west. This was probably achieved with the use of astronomy by lining up with the pole star, at the time of construction this was Thuban, a moderately bright star in the constellation Draco. Due to precession the present pole star is Polaris. Piazzi Smyth has determined that the Pyramids lie at a point such that lines drawn north-south and east-west cover more land than from any other point. He than stated that the pyramids lie at the center of the present land mass of the earth. He also pointed out that they lie on the 30th parallel, latitude 30 degrees north, that is exactly one third of the way between the equator and the north pole.
Modern techniques involving satellites have determined the mean polar radius of the earth to be 3,949.89 miles or 250,265,030.4 inches. A ten-millionth of this is 25.0265 inches, which corresponds to the sacred cubit (sc) of ancient Egypt. Using this length as a unit of measure, the base side length of the Great Pyramid from corner to corner in a straight line is 365.242 sc. However the pyramid as actually built contains a slight indent, imperceptible to the naked eye of some 35 inches. Taking this into account the side length becomes 365.256 sc. Both these numbers are known to modern science as respectively the length in days of the mean solar tropical year and sidereal year. From Peter Lemesurier’s “The Great Pyramid Decoded”
The whole perimeter in pyramid inches is 36,524. (Pyramid inch is one twenty-fifth of a sacred cubit).
The equatorial circumference of the earth is very close to 40,000 kms. Divide by the precessional number 43,200. The answer is the length of the perimeter. The height of the pyramid multiplied by 43,200 comes out very close to the polar radius of the earth. Both from Hancock’s “Heaven’s Mirror”.
The height of the pyramid multiplied by ten to the power of nine yields a figure very close to the mean radius of the earth’s orbit around the sun. The 10:9 ratio is used because for every ten units advanced along a horizontal diagonal the pyramid rises by nine. That is the slope of the diagonal edges. From Piazzi Smyth.
The indent in the sides can be used to construct two right-angled triangles of hypotenuse 7.4393819 statute miles. Multiply by 25 million, equals 185.98 million miles. Modern science gives the mean radius of the earth’s orbit around the sun to be 92.99 million miles or diameter 185.98 million miles. From Rutherford’s figures quoted by Lemesurier.
Other analysis of Rutherford’s figures give acceptable values for the maximum and minimum eccentricity of the earth’s orbit and for the duration of the cycle of precession, some 25,826.4 years or one degree every 72 years as Hancock and others have so eloquently shown.
The base side length is also exactly one eighth of a minute of longitude and the apothem (the length between the apex and the middle of a base side) is one tenth of a degree of latitude. From Tompkins – Secrets of the Great Pyramid.
The GP is so cunningly constructed that in addition to the above it has also been found to be true, by Flinders-Petrie and others “that the angle of the outside was such as to make the base circuit equal to a circle struck by the height as a radius.” Or from Tompkins – “the Pyramid was so designed that for all practical purposes it accomplishes the squaring of the circle.” This is no less than the famous dictum of mediaeval mystics of squaring the circle. This feature also has another curious property, which will be familiar to all cartographers and map makers. Tompkins writes “Each flat face of the Pyramid was designed to represent one curved quarter of the northern hemisphere…..It is thus possible to translate a spherical quadrant of 90 degrees of longitude onto a flat Mercator surface of equal area or onto an undistorted triangle (ie a single face of the pyramid) of exactly half that area. With the Pyramid, the ancient Egyptians had not only squared the circle but effectively cubed the sphere.” This can only be true for a pyramid where the height is the radius of circle whose circumference is equal to the base perimeter. That the ancient Egyptians knew all this is quite remarkable. Not only did they know this, they would have used this knowledge to make accurate maps of the world, something that a seafaring people would require. There is plenty of evidence of their seafaring ability, from the wonderfully elegant and enormous boats buried (contemporaneously) next to the GP. These boats and others of slightly different design would easily have been able to make transoceanic voyages, as I’m sure they did. These boats and other older ones found buried in the desert at Abydos speak of an ability and desire to traverse the globe by sea.
Thus from the above I feel that the answer to the question first posed in this chapter, must be in the affirmative and that the builders knew of the dimensions of the earth and of its place within the solar system. So we may say with a reasonable level of confidence that the GP represents, on a scale of 1:43,200 a model of the northern hemisphere of the earth and that the apex itself being of the same proportion as the pyramid as a whole, must also be thought of to symbolize the earth.
So where did the keepers of the GP decide to hide the apex, bearing in mind its earth commensurate qualities? In an earth commensurate place of course! The most basic and fundamental truth about the apex of which we can 100% sure of, is not its size or ratios but that it has five sides. Therefore, as it has been shown to represent the earth, we must divide the world into five segments, each of 72 degrees of longitude. We must then search along these lines.
Clue 2. Sky-ground dualism.
The earth’s orbit about the sun is in a fashion, regular and predictable. There is the daily rotation of the earth about the north-south axis and the annual rotation of the earth about the sun. The visible stars just above the horizon due east just before sunrise are determined by the time of year or where the earth is in its orbit in relation to the sun. Through the course of a year all twelve of the zodiacal constellations will ‘house’ the rising sun. One would think that every year the same stars would house the sun at say the northern spring equinox. However there is another regular and predictable cycle to the earth’s orbit called precession. The axis about which the earth rotates, itself is subject to a rotation, a very slow rotation. The cycle takes nearly 26,000 years to complete one circuit. The effect of this that the stars rising due east on the same day every year appear to travel anticlockwise through the Zodiac. They shift only one degree every 72 years or 2,160 years for one house (30 degrees) of the Zodiac.
Robert Bauval’s Orion Mystery gives a full account of the sky ground dualism involved at Giza. Briefly, he has shown that the Giza pyramids were built to represent on the ground the belt stars of Orion. Due to precession the belt stars of Orion would be at the lowest culmination of their meridian transit around 12,450 years ago and would have appeared due south when viewed from Giza. This is the perfect match of sky to ground. It also is in the epoch referred to in the literature as the ‘first time’. I will call this the ‘precessional signature’ of the Giza pyramids.
Graham Hancock’s wonderful book Heaven’s Mirror gives a full account of the precessional signature of another Giza monument, the enigmatic Sphinx. In this instance the stars involved are today referred to as Leo, they rise due east, which the Sphinx faces directly, on the day of the northern spring equinox in the epoch of the first time, 12,450 bp. This is no coincidence.
Chapter 3. Turning the key.
The question before us now becomes, is there anywhere in the world that satisfies the following criteria?
It has to be remote from Egypt. It has to have some quality about it, which is unmistakably Egyptian. It has to lie on a meridian a whole multiple of 72 degrees from Giza. It has to have a precessional signature and it has to require a new technology from the time of the construction of the pyramids to locate the Benben and bring it into the light once more.
There is such a place and only one place, which satisfies all of the above criteria and then some. This place is known to us today as Angkor, in Cambodia. It is truly the most awe inspiring astro-archaeological site one could hope to visit. It is replete with mystery and precessional symbolism. The origins of Angkor are well documented but no less mysterious. In 802 AD a Khmer king, Jayavarman II underwent a ‘god-king’ initiation, performed by a learned Brahman. What exactly was the purpose of this initiation? What secret knowledge did the Brahmans possess? Were they holders of esoteric knowledge that had been secretly transmitted down through the ages from the astronomer-priests of Heliopolis, the ‘Followers of Horus’? The architecture of Angkor is without equal and seems to have burst upon the scene with no precedents. There was a frenzy of temple building over the next 400 years, which ended abruptly after the Bayon temple was completed by Jayavarman VII. During this time, the Khmers had to fight to defend their realm. This was no easy task, requiring the strongest of wills to carry out the building program and simultaneously defend the empire. Why did they perform this Herculean task? To mark the site of the location of the Benben of course!
The temples of Angkor, and there are a lot of them, 72 according to the National Geographic edition of May 1982, are spread out over a wide area some 15 miles east to west and 5 miles north to south. There are also significant temples to the north east at Banteay Srei and south east at Roulos. Angkor lies in a verdant jungle, close to the shores of lake Tonle Sap. (The jungle no doubt had lions wandering about, remember the Sphinx’s leonine appearance!) The whole area is a marshy swamp, making it easy to dredge and create the magnificent lakes and moats around many of the temples. Some 4000 years ago the lake was probably somewhat larger than today, an ideal place to conceal a heavy, dense object, which would require an advance in available technology of the time in order to retrieve it.
Angkor is exactly 72 degrees east of Giza, fulfilling one of the criteria. Its ‘precessional signature’ was noticed by a Ph.D. student of Graham Hancock’s, John Grigsby. In this instance the stars involved are the whole constellation of what we call today Draco. They mark the first time of 12,450 bp by being due north at the moment of sunrise on the northern spring equinox at that time. Now the stars of Draco we know were used by the builders of the GP to align the buildings faces to the cardinal points as the star Thuban or alpha draconis was the pole star in 4500 bp. This can’t be just a coincidence. The Sphinx faces due east, towards the rising sun. The Sphinx obviously points the way to the Benben.
The word Angkor is unmistakably Egyptian. As Graham Hancock writes “The name ‘Angkor’, although supposedly a corruption of the Sanskrit word nagara, ‘town’ has a very precise meaning in the ancient Egyptian language – ‘the god Horus lives’. Other acceptable translations of ‘Ankh-Hor’ or ‘Ankhhor’ are ‘May Horus Live’, ‘Horus Lives’ and ‘Life to the Horus’” We could cheekily add ‘Horus Lives Here’ as the Benben is closely associated with Horus, being covered on four sides by his eye. In the myths of ancient Egypt, Horus did battle with his brother Seth and lost an eye in the battle. Could this be a reference to the fact that Horus’s eye, the Benben, was deliberately removed by the keepers of the GP?
The main temple of Angkor is the magnificent Angkor Wat. It is huge. Not only that, it can be viewed as the topological equivalent of an Ankh. Cunningly disguised as a Hindu/Buddhist temple. There it lies, an enormous Ankh on the ground. Another unmistakably Egyptian characteristic! The causeway across the moat is the tail, the entrance gate is the cross bar and the loop is the central temple itself. More specifically it is the topological equivalent of the symbol for Venus but we may allow the builders a bit of poetic license, after all it was built some 3500 years after the pyramids. Unique among the temples of Angkor, is its western orientation. This is perhaps to denote that something came from the west.
Of all the temples at Angkor, the most enigmatic and sublime of them is the Bayon. The hundreds of smiley faces, gazing serenely down upon all who are lucky enough to visit, have the power to provide the means for the modern switched on tourist to undergo their own initiation into the realms of spiritual gnosis and enlightenment. This is of course one of the reasons why it was built. It just oozes ambient. Unique amongst the temples of Angkor, the Bayon is the only one to have four sided towers with the face of Lokesvara gazing in the cardinal directions, within the temple itself. There are a total of 54 of these towers, making 216 faces in all. These numbers are part of the precessional code. Graham Hancock writes that the Bayon is not part of the sky-ground dualism of Draco and the Angkor temples but is meant to denote the ecliptic north pole, the still point of heaven. This is the apex of the sky, in much the same way that the Benben is the apex of the Great Pyramid. The four faces of Lokesvara mirror the four eyes of Horus on the Benben. He also states that ‘the Bayon stands on an as yet unexcavated structure’ and ‘John Audric notes to this day rumours persist of some great treasure long ago concealed within it.’ Deep within the temple itself is a well. This was dug by adventurous treasure hunters long ago. What were they searching for? All the temples have suffered the ravages of looting, with precious statuary being removed for sale. In a lot of instances the central statue is removed and the thieves then dig straight down, looking for buried jewels. Why would they do this? There must be some truth to the rumours of buried treasure.
Chapter 4. Opening the Door
It is my contention that the apex to the Great Pyramid was removed by the ‘Followers of Horus’, to be concealed in a safe place so that it may be found at a later date and restored to its original place. The temples of Angkor were built, under the instructions of learned Brahmens, who held the keys to esoteric knowledge, passed on from the ‘Followers of Horus’, to mark that site and that the Bayon temple specifically, was to sit on top of the Benben. With the 216 faces of Lokesvara looking over all the land, the only other place to look is down. As above so below, 216 cubits below the Bayon, I believe rests the Benben of the Great Pyramid.
The easiest way prove or disprove this, is to conduct ground-penetrating radar, a form of technology not known at the time of the Pyramids. A dense object surrounded by alluvial soil, mud, would show up clearly in the analysis. If it is there, some crafty engineering will have to be undertaken to bring the Benben back into the light, so that all may gaze upon it in wonderment.
Baines & Malek Atlas of Ancient Egypt
Robert Bauval Secret Chamber
Robert Bauval & The Orion Mystery
W Flinders-Petrie Ten Years Digging in Egypt
Graham Hancock Fingerprints of the Gods
Paul Jordan Riddles of the Sphinx
Mark Lehner The Complete Pyramids
Peter Lemesurier The Great Pyramid Decoded
John Michell The View Over Atlantis
A Little History of Astro-Archaeology
Piazzi Smyth Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid
Peter Throckmorton The Sea Remembers
Peter Tompkins Secrets of the Great Pyramid