The following concerns a question in a physics exam at the University of Copenhagen.
"Describe how you determine the height of a skyscraper with a barometer."
One Student Replied
"You tie a long piece of string to the neck of the barometer, then lower the barometer from the roof of the skyscraper to the ground. The length of the string plus the length of the barometer will equal the height of the building."
This highly original answer so incensed the examiner that the student was failed immediately. The student appealed on the grounds that his answer was indisputably correct, and the university appointed an independent arbiter to decide the case. The arbiter judged that the answer was indeed correct, but did not display any noticeable knowledge of physics. To resolve the problem it was decided to recall the student and allow him six minutes in which to provide a verbal answer, which showed at least a minimal familiarity with the basic principles of physics.
For five minutes the student sat in silence, forehead creased in thought. The arbiter reminded him that his time was running out, to which the student replied that he had many relevant answers, but couldn't make up his mind which to use. On being advised to hurry up the student answered as follows...
"Firstly, you could take the barometer up to the roof of the skyscraper, drop it over the side and measure the time it takes to reach the ground. The height of the building can then be worked out from the formula H = 0.5g x t squared ... but bad luck on the barometer."
"Or, if the sun is shining you could measure the height of the barometer, then set it on end and measure the length of the shadow. Then you measure the length of the skyscraper's shadow, and thereafter it is a simple matter of proportional arithmetic to work out the height of the skyscraper."
"But if you wanted to be highly scientific about it, you could tie a short piece of string to the barometer and swing it like a pendulum, first at ground level and the on the roof of the skyscraper. The height is worked out by the difference in gravitational restoring force T = 2pi sqroot (1/g)".
"Or if the skyscraper has an outside emergency staircase, it would be easier to walk up it and mark off the height of the skyscraper in barometer length's, then add them up."
"If you merely wanted to be boring and orthodox about it, of course, you could use the barometer to measure the air pressure on the roof of the skyscraper and on the ground, and convert the
difference in millibars into feet to give the height of the building."
"But since we are constantly being exhorted to exercise independence of mind and apply scientific methods, undoubtedly the best way would be knock on the janitors door and say to him, 'If you would like a brand new barometer, I will give you this one if you tell me the height of this skyscraper'."
The student was Niels Bohr, the only Dane to win the Nobel Prize for physics.
|A story to live by?||478||Baggie||11-Nov-00 21:15|
|RE: A story to live by?||210||Scott Simpson||12-Nov-00 07:04|
|RE: A story to live by?||226||Kees||12-Nov-00 13:11|
|RE: A story to live by?||242||Ronny Adsetts||12-Nov-00 13:33|
|RE: A story to live by?||336||Kees||12-Nov-00 20:58|