The moving and lifting of large multi-ton stones is obviously not unique in history and is a practice found on nearly every continent going back at least 11,000yrs. What is required for any megalithic block theory is a method that is simple and repeatable by any culture using materials known to the ancient world.
Represented below is a sampling of over 4,000yrs of megalithic construction:
On and on it goes. Notice something in common? They all have multi-ton beams each lifted to a height of at least twice that of two courses of any Egyptian pyramid. This is known as "post and lintel" construction. The question is how did they do it? Funiculars? No. Water systems? No. Levitation rays? As cool as that would be, probably not. As this pertains to pyramids, whatever methods were used would be no different than those utilized for post and lintel construction as each course, or "deck", is just a height to be overcome no different than the post is for the lintel. There is no need to invent some magical system as the physics and methods of lifting one beam on to two posts is the same as moving blocks from one pyramid course to the next.
The Greeks and Romans, of whose methods we can mostly attest to, used a various series of levers, pulleys, cranes, winches, and capstans sometimes augmented by the use of ramps to lessen the distance to be lifted. It is interesting to note Greek megalithic architecture did not begin until the 7th century BC, a time known as the "Orientalization Period", marked specifically by a renewed relationship with Egypt.
Regardless, what we know of these methods by way of the Greeks and Romans is that these feats were accomplished using some form of mechanical advantage utilizing leverage and fulcrums, physics no different in 4,000BC as they are today. There is no reason to believe the pyramids were not constructed using the same methods and principles and whatever system devised must be applicable to all megalithic construction.
As Archimedes once said:
Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I shall move the world.
Post Edited (15-Feb-15 17:36)
Edited 2 time(s). Last edit at 15-May-19 04:04 by Thanos5150.